How to format your references using the Hereditas citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hereditas. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fusi S. Neuroscience. A quiescent working memory. Science. 2008;319:1495–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bunge HP, Grand SP. Mesozoic plate-motion history below the northeast Pacific Ocean from seismic images of the subducted Farallon slab. Nature. 2000;405:337–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kurth I, Georgescu RE, O’Donnell ME. A solution to release twisted DNA during chromosome replication by coupled DNA polymerases. Nature. 2013;496:119–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Moore H, Dvoráková K, Jenkins N, Breed W. Exceptional sperm cooperation in the wood mouse. Nature. 2002;418:174–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Mann S. Microsoft® SharePoint® Server 2010 Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Estrada E, Fox M, Higham DJ, Oppo G-L, editors. Network Science: Complexity in Nature and Technology. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Iida M, Tsukamoto C, Yoshioka A. Star Products and Certain Star Product Functions. In: Kielanowski P, Ali ST, Odesskii A, Odzijewicz A, Schlichenmaier M, Voronov T, editors. Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXI Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 24–30, 2012. Basel: Springer; 2013. p. 39–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hereditas.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Tropical Forests Will Still Exist In 2100 – But They Will Be A Sorry Sight. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highlights of a Forum: Data and Analytics Innovation: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Sep. Report No.: GAO-16-659SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Anderson JS. Boys in crisis: A grounded theory study of male high school dropouts in a rural setting [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. Friday File: Recalling Batman’s Star Turn at Shea Stadium in ’66. New York Times. 2016 Mar 25;C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHereditas
ISSN (online)1601-5223
General Medicine

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