How to format your references using the Hereditas citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hereditas. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gross DJ. The frontier physicist. Nature. 2010;467:S8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Spencer JR, Denk T. Formation of Iapetus’ extreme albedo dichotomy by exogenically triggered thermal ice migration. Science. 2010;327:432–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Suma K, Sumiyoshi Y, Endo Y. The rotational spectrum and structure of the HOOO radical. Science. 2005;308:1885–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Toga T, Kuraoka I, Watanabe S, Nakano E, Takeuchi S, Nishigori C, et al. Fluorescence detection of cellular nucleotide excision repair of damaged DNA. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Primak SL, Kontorovich V. Wireless Multi-Antenna Channels. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Nelson-Piercy C. Obstetric Medicine: A Problem-Based Approach. Girling J, editor. London: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rodrigues TB, Cerdán S. 1.4 The Cerebral Tricarboxylic Acid Cycles. In: Lajtha A, Gibson GE, Dienel GA, editors. Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Brain Energetics Integration of Molecular and Cellular Processes. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. p. 63–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hereditas.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Researcher Faces Jail For Sharing An Academic Thesis Online. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. School Bullying: Legal Protections for Vulnerable Youth Need to Be More Fully Assessed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jun. Report No.: GAO-12-785T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dotson KT. Smoke points of microgravity and normal gravity coflow diffusion flames [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. Shore Enclave Feels The Breezes of Change. New York Times. 2006 Aug 18;F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHereditas
ISSN (online)1601-5223
General Medicine

Other styles