How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Stress citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Stress. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greene, M., 2007. The demise of the lone author. Nature 450, 1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oka, T., McCall, B.J., 2011. Astronomy. Disclosing identities in diffuse interstellar bands. Science 331, 293–294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Y.C., Cheng, T.H., Gartenberg, M.R., 2001. Establishment of transcriptional silencing in the absence of DNA replication. Science 291, 650–653.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, S., Burger, C., Chu, B., Sawamura, M., Nagahama, N., Toganoh, M., Hackler, U.E., Isobe, H., Nakamura, E., 2001. Spherical bilayer vesicles of fullerene-based surfactants in water: a laser light scattering study. Science 291, 1944–1947.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gregory, J., 2012. Counterparty Credit Risk and Credit Value Adjustment. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Holzhacker, R.L., Wittek, R., Woltjer, J. (Eds.), 2016. Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Development and Governance. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rip, A., Kulve, H. te, 2008. Constructive Technology Assessment and Socio-Technical Scenarios, in: Fisher, E., Selin, C., Wetmore, J.M. (Eds.), Presenting Futures. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 49–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Stress.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. To Save Its Birds, New Zealand Plans To Kill All Its Rodents [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Commercial Space: Industry Developments and FAA Challenges (No. GAO-16-765T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brooks, B.M., 2017. Applying Andragogical Principles to Real-Time Embedded Parental Coaching When Helping Their Children with Hearing Loss to Talk (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S.M., 2017. For Family Reeling From Death in Times Square Crash, ‘Nothing Is Safe Anymore.’ New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greene, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Greene, 2007; Oka and McCall, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oka and McCall, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Stress
AbbreviationNeurobiol. Stress
ISSN (print)2352-2895
Molecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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