How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Stress citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Stress. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chait, B.T., 2006. Chemistry. Mass spectrometry: bottom-up or top-down? Science 314, 65–66.
A journal article with 2 authors
Camacho, J., Arenas, A., 2005. Food-web topology: universal scaling in food-web structure? Nature 435, E3-4; discussion E4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pluth, M.D., Bergman, R.G., Raymond, K.N., 2007. Acid catalysis in basic solution: a supramolecular host promotes orthoformate hydrolysis. Science 316, 85–88.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, X., Ren, Y., Liu, A., Jin, R., Jiang, Q., Huang, Y., Kong, L., Wang, X., Zhang, L., 2014. WP1066 sensitizes oral squamous cell carcinoma cells to cisplatin by targeting STAT3/miR-21 axis. Sci. Rep. 4, 7461.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holzer, S.M., 2015. Statische Beurteilung Historischer Tragwerke. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Dillenburg, S.R., 2009. Geology and Geomorphology of Holocene Coastal Barriers of Brazil, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kok, J., Van Bavel, J., 2006. Stemming the tide. Denomination and religiousness in the Dutch fertility transition, 1845–1945, in: Derosas, R., van Poppel, F. (Eds.), Religion and the Decline of Fertility in the Western World. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 83–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Stress.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Domestic Cat Genome Sequenced [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2017. Technology Assessment: Internet of Things: Status and implications of an increasingly connected world (No. GAO-17-75). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kunihiro, A.G., 2014. The relationship between dietary omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid intake and colorectal cancer (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Baseball Since 1869; Last Pennant Only Seems That Long Ago. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chait, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Camacho and Arenas, 2005; Chait, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Camacho and Arenas, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Stress
AbbreviationNeurobiol. Stress
ISSN (print)2352-2895
Molecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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