How to format your references using the Neurobiology of Stress citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurobiology of Stress. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Thinking big. Nature 428, 873.
A journal article with 2 authors
Furukawa, A., Tanaka, H., 2006. Violation of the incompressibility of liquid by simple shear flow. Nature 443, 434–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cooper, T.F., O’Leary, R.A., Lough, J.M., 2012. Growth of Western Australian corals in the anthropocene. Science 335, 593–596.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yang, L., Cui, X., Zhang, J., Wang, K., Shen, M., Zeng, S., Dayeh, S.A., Feng, L., Xiang, B., 2014. Lattice strain effects on the optical properties of MoS2 nanosheets. Sci. Rep. 4, 5649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, F., 2006. Developing Chemical Information Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Petrosyan, L.A., Mazalov, V.V. (Eds.), 2016. Recent Advances in Game Theory and Applications: European Meeting on Game Theory, Saint Petersburg, Russia, 2015, and Networking Games and Management, Petrozavodsk, Russia, 2015, Static & Dynamic Game Theory: Foundations & Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu, Y.-C., 2013. Signaling Mechanisms Underlying the Hydrogen Sulfide Effects: Identification of Hydrogen Sulfide “Receptors,” in: Kimura, H. (Ed.), Hydrogen Sulfide and Its Therapeutic Applications. Springer, Vienna, pp. 83–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurobiology of Stress.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. You Can Draw Electrical Circuits With This Silver Pen [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. NASA: Assessments of Major Projects (No. GAO-16-309SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stein, E., 2017. Oncology Summer Camp Attendance and Self-Esteem and Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors Among Pediatric Cancer Patients and Siblings (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2013. Sports Access For Disabled Is Clarified. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Furukawa and Tanaka, 2006; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Furukawa and Tanaka, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurobiology of Stress
AbbreviationNeurobiol. Stress
ISSN (print)2352-2895
Molecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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