How to format your references using the Journal of Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Empire building: Vienna. Nature. 2002;416:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. de Brito OM, Scorrano L. Mitofusin 2 tethers endoplasmic reticulum to mitochondria. Nature. 2008;456:605–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Weaver BAA, Silk AD, Cleveland DW. Cell biology: nondisjunction, aneuploidy and tetraploidy. Nature. 2006;442:E9-10; discussion E10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lu J, Sherman D, Devor M, Saper CB. A putative flip-flop switch for control of REM sleep. Nature. 2006;441:589–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Vallin RW. The Elements of Cantor Sets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Hüllermeier E, Kruse R, Hoffmann F, editors. Computational Intelligence for Knowledge-Based Systems Design: 13th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty, IPMU 2010, Dortmund, Germany, June 28 - July 2, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Coughlan JM, Shen H. The Crosswatch Traffic Intersection Analyzer: A Roadmap for the Future. In: Miesenberger K, Karshmer A, Penaz P, Zagler W, editors. Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 13th International Conference, ICCHP 2012, Linz, Austria, July 11-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 25–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastroenterology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Biker Was IMPALED Through The Neck By A Tree Branch, And Just Cycled To The Nearest Hospital! [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/biker-impaled-tree-branch-through-neck-and-he-simply-cycles-nearest-hospital/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transatlantic Aviation: Effects of Easing Restrictions on U.S.-European Markets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Jul. Report No.: GAO-04-835.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lee S. Data-driven computer vision for science and the humanities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Cowen T. A U.S. Middle-Class Revival, Powered by China. New York Times. 2016 Apr 15;BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastroenterology
AbbreviationJ. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (print)0944-1174
ISSN (online)1435-5922
ScopeGastroenterology

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