How to format your references using the Journal of Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Jungkind D. Tech.Sight. Molecular testing for infectious disease. Science. 2001;294:1553–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tanno K-I, Willcox G. How fast was wild wheat domesticated? Science. 2006;311:1886.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. James A, Pitchford JW, Plank MJ. James et al. reply. Nature. 2013;500:E2-3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Song T-RA, Helmberger DV, Brudzinski MR, Clayton RW, Davis P, Pérez-Campos X, et al. Subducting slab ultra-slow velocity layer coincident with silent earthquakes in southern Mexico. Science. 2009;324:502–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Schulze V. Modern Mechanical Surface Treatment. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Black-Branch JL, Fleck D, editors. Nuclear Non-Proliferation in International Law - Volume I. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hraška V, Murín P. Septal Defects. In: Murín P, editor. Surgical Management of Congenital Heart Disease II: Single Ventricle and Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Aortic Arch Anomalies Septal Defects and Anomalies in Pulmonary Venous Return Anomalies of Thoracic Arteries and Veins A Video Manual. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 139–241.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastroenterology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Forests Cover 9 Percent More Of Earth Than Thought [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/forests-cover-9-percent-more-of-earth-than-thought/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Commercial Drivers: Certification Process for Drivers with Serious Medical Conditions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Jun. Report No.: GAO-08-826.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Washington S. Counseling students ability to diagnose Asperger’s Syndrome [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Chira S, Blaise L. France’s First Lady, a Confidante and Coach, May Reshape an Evolving Role. New York Times. 2017 May 11;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastroenterology
AbbreviationJ. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (print)0944-1174
ISSN (online)1435-5922
ScopeGastroenterology

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