How to format your references using the Social Psychology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roelfsema, P. R. (2002). Do neurons predict the future? Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5553), 227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, M. R., & Caron, J.-B. (2010). Primitive soft-bodied cephalopods from the Cambrian. Nature, 465(7297), 469–472.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, S.-M., Chen, W., & Wang, J. (2014). Distinguishing between cancer cell differentiation and resistance induced by all-trans retinoic acid using transcriptional profiles and functional pathway analysis. Scientific reports, 4, 5577.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hiller, S., Garces, R. G., Malia, T. J., Orekhov, V. Y., Colombini, M., & Wagner, G. (2008). Solution structure of the integral human membrane protein VDAC-1 in detergent micelles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5893), 1206–1210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blanchet, G., & Charbit, M. (2015). Digital Signal and Image Processing Using Matlab®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nagel, W. E., Kröner, D. H., & Resch, M. M. (Eds.). (2015). High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ‘14: Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center, Stuttgart (HLRS) 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Friederich, M., Olerud, J., Fasching, A., Liss, P., Hansell, P., & Palm, F. (2008). Uncoupling Protein-2 in Diabetic Kidneys. In K. A. Kang, D. K. Harrison, & D. F. Bruley (Eds.), Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIX (pp. 37–43). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychology of Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, December 19). Pervasive Mixing Found in Genetic Ancestry of 160,000 Americans. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Examination of the Circumstances Surrounding a Grant Awarded by the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration (No. EMD-78-13). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jiang, W. (2010). Advanced techniques for semantic concept detection in general videos (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., & Sengupta, S. (2016, December 18). U.N. Reaches Deal to Oversee Aleppo Evacuations Amid New Obstacles. New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roelfsema 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Roelfsema 2002; Smith and Caron 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Caron 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hiller et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychology of Education
AbbreviationSoc. Psychol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1381-2890
ISSN (online)1573-1928
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles