How to format your references using the Social Psychology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dennis, C. (2003). Genomics: compare and contrast. Nature, 426(6968), 750–751.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bond, A. B., & Kamil, A. C. (2002). Visual predators select for crypticity and polymorphism in virtual prey. Nature, 415(6872), 609–613.
A journal article with 3 authors
De Pontieu, B., Erdélyi, R., & James, S. P. (2004). Solar chromospheric spicules from the leakage of photospheric oscillations and flows. Nature, 430(6999), 536–539.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Huang, Y.-A., Kao, C.-W., Liu, K.-K., Huang, H.-S., Chiang, M.-H., Soo, C.-R., et al. (2014). The effect of fluorescent nanodiamonds on neuronal survival and morphogenesis. Scientific reports, 4, 6919.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Imrie, R., & Street, E. (2011). Architectural Design and Regulation. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Kocher, T., & Kole, C. (Eds.). (2008). Genome Mapping and Genomics in Fishes and Aquatic Animals (Vol. 2). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Raab, E. L. (2008). The Medical Expert. In M. F. Kraushar (Ed.), Risk Prevention in Ophthalmology (pp. 41–46). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychology of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, January 3). What Happens To Our Bodies After We Die? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). Improvements Needed in the Department of the Interior’s Measurement of Offshore Oil for Royalty Purposes (No. RCED-84-78). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Penix-Tadsen, P. (2009). Marketing marginality: Resistance and commodification in contemporary Latin American cultural production (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bennhold, K. (2017, September 14). In Merkel, a Lofty Symbol for German Women, but an Anomaly. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dennis 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bond and Kamil 2002; Dennis 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bond and Kamil 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychology of Education
AbbreviationSoc. Psychol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1381-2890
ISSN (online)1573-1928
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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