How to format your references using the Social Psychology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murphy, G. (2003). Dyslexia: lost for words. Nature, 425(6956), 340–342.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mühlenbruch, B., & Jochimsen, M. A. (2013). Research policy: Only wholesale reform will bring equality. Nature, 495(7439), 40–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoener, T. W., Losos, J. B., & Spiller, D. A. (2005). Island biogeography of populations: an introduced species transforms survival patterns. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5755), 1807–1809.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Luo, Z.-X., Ji, Q., Wible, J. R., & Yuan, C.-X. (2003). An Early Cretaceous tribosphenic mammal and metatherian evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1934–1940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holsclaw, G. (2016). Transcending Subjects. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Khan, M. T. H. (Ed.). (2007). Bioactive Heterocycles IV (Vol. 10). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, G., Baek, J., Wong, D. S., & Bao, F. (2007). On the Generic and Efficient Constructions of Secure Designated Confirmer Signatures. In T. Okamoto & X. Wang (Eds.), Public Key Cryptography – PKC 2007: 10th International Conference on Practice and Theory in Public-Key Cryptography Beijing, China, April 16-20, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 43–60). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychology of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 11). Empty Electronics Factories Turned Into High-Tech Indoor Farms. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Commercial Aviation: Status of Air Service to Small Communities and the Federal Programs Involved (No. GAO-14-454T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fair, C. L. (2012). Structure of the Roberts Mountains allochthon in the Three Bar Ranch Quadrangle, Roberts Mountains, Eureka County, Nevada (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014, September 20). U.S.T.A. Faces Suit Over Sabbath Schedule. New York Times, p. D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Murphy 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mühlenbruch and Jochimsen 2013; Murphy 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mühlenbruch and Jochimsen 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychology of Education
AbbreviationSoc. Psychol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1381-2890
ISSN (online)1573-1928
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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