How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Ritvo, Essays on science and society. Fighting for Thirlmere--the roots of environmentalism, Science. 300 (2003) 1510–1511.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.J. Tapscott, C.A. Thornton, Biomedicine. Reconstructing myotonic dystrophy, Science. 293 (2001) 816–817.
A journal article with 3 authors
G.C. Harris, M. Wimmer, G. Aston-Jones, A role for lateral hypothalamic orexin neurons in reward seeking, Nature. 437 (2005) 556–559.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Negi, O. Matsuda, T. Nagasawa, Y. Oba, H. Takahashi, M. Kawai-Yamada, H. Uchimiya, M. Hashimoto, K. Iba, CO2 regulator SLAC1 and its homologues are essential for anion homeostasis in plant cells, Nature. 452 (2008) 483–486.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. Magnasco, Models for Bonding in Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
G. Galloro, ed., Endoscopic Follow-up of Digestive Anastomosis, Springer, Milano, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
H.R. Hepburn, C.W.W. Pirk, O. Duangphakdee, Intraspecific and Interspecific Comb-Building, in: C.W.W. Pirk, O. Duangphakdee (Eds.), Honeybee Nests: Composition, Structure, Function, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 57–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Analysis.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Cosmic Lighthouse Disappears From View, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal-Aid Highways: States Need Guidance on Sales or Leases of Real Property Purchased with Federal Funds, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.N. Immaneni, An efficient approach to machine learning based text classification through distributed computing, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, More Teams Would Ruin a Great Thing, New York Times. (2010) B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Anal.
ISSN (print)0022-1236

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