How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Baker, Cassini at Enceladus. Tiger, tiger, burning bright, Science. 311 (2006) 1388.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Ide, S. Hidaka, Tactile stimulation can suppress visual perception, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3453.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Chen, D. Parker, D.J. Singh, Importance of non-parabolic band effects in the thermoelectric properties of semiconductors, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3168.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Han, W. Yin, J. Zhang, S. Niu, L. Ren, Active anti-erosion protection strategy in tamarisk (Tamarix aphylla), Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Kill, The BRC Global Standard for Food Safety, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
I. Linkov, G.A. Kiker, R.J. Wenning, eds., Environmental Security in Harbors and Coastal Areas: Management Using Comparative Risk Assessment and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Ricciardi, ICTs in an Ageing Society: An Overview of Emerging Research Streams, in: A. D’Atri, M. De Marco, A.M. Braccini, F. Cabiddu (Eds.), Management of the Interconnected World: ItAIS: The Italian Association for Information Systems, Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Analysis.

Blog post
D. Andrew, The Average Thanksgiving Dinner Is Around 2,500 calories, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Card Reader Pilot Results Are Unreliable; Security Benefits Need to Be Reassessed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Smith, The affect of acculturation on obesity among foreign-born Asians residing in the United States, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Lovell, The World, Still Spinning, New York Times. (2013) MM36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Anal.
ISSN (print)0022-1236

Other styles