How to format your references using the Journal of Functional Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Functional Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.A. Tobias, Biodiversity: Hidden impacts of logging, Nature. 523 (2015) 163–164.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.C. Retchless, J.G. Lawrence, Temporal fragmentation of speciation in bacteria, Science. 317 (2007) 1093–1096.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.R. Gillespie, D.R. Montgomery, A. Mushkin, Planetary science: are there active glaciers on Mars?, Nature. 438 (2005) E9-10; discussion E10.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Middey, P. Rivero, D. Meyers, M. Kareev, X. Liu, Y. Cao, J.W. Freeland, S. Barraza-Lopez, J. Chakhalian, Polarity compensation in ultra-thin films of complex oxides: the case of a perovskite nickelate, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6819.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.A. Stocker, Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
G.D. Nunno, B. Øksendal, F. Proske, eds., Malliavin Calculus for Lévy Processes with Applications to Finance, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J.M. Vaquero, Solar Eclipses, in: J.M. Vaquero (Ed.), The Sun Recorded Through History: Scientific Data Extracted from Historical Documents, Springer, New York, NY, 2009: pp. 175–216.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Functional Analysis.

Blog post
J. Felton, If You’re Sleepy Strangers Will Find You Unattractive, Study Confirms, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: FAA Has Improved Its Removal Procedures for Pilot Examiners, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.A. Cusick, Does size really matter? How synchrony and size affect the dynamic of aggression between two sympatric species of dolphin in the Bahamas, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, A New Battleground for an Old War: The Internet, New York Times. (2001) 1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Functional Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Funct. Anal.
ISSN (print)0022-1236

Other styles