How to format your references using the Journal of Dental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McClelland JL. 2012. Retrospective. R. Duncan Luce (1925-2012). Science. 337(6102):1619.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crandall KA, Buhay JE. 2004. Evolution. Genomic databases and the tree of life. Science. 306(5699):1144–1145.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu C-I, Shi S, Zhang Y-P. 2004. A case for conservation. Nature. 428(6979):213–214.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xu J, Zhao X, Munroe P, Xie Z. 2014. Synergistic toughening of hard, nacre-mimetic MoSi2 coatings by self-assembled hierarchical structure. Sci Rep. 4:4239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lamattina JL. 2012. Devalued and Distrusted. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Noia TD, Buccafurri F, editors. 2009. E-Commerce and Web Technologies: 10th International Conference, EC-Web 2009, Linz, Austria, September 1-4, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Karer G, Škrjanc I. 2013. Hybrid Fuzzy Model. In: Škrjanc I, editor. Predictive Approaches to Control of Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. (Studies in Computational Intelligence). p. 33–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dental Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015 Jan 5. Scientists Are Deep Sea Drilling To Learn More About Earthquakes And Tsunamis. IFLScience. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. The Indian Self-Determination Act: Many Obstacles Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office Report No.: HRD-78-59.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones C. 2015. Evolutionary changes in development associated with a transition in larval nutritional mode in spiralians [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santos F. 2014 Jan 15. New Mexico: 2 Students Wounded In Shooting at Middle School. New York Times.:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McClelland 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Crandall and Buhay 2004; McClelland 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crandall and Buhay 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dental Research
AbbreviationJ. Dent. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-0345
ISSN (online)1544-0591
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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