How to format your references using the Journal of Dental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chiorescu I. 2006. Physics. Microwave cooling of an artificial atom. Science. 314(5805):1549–1550.
A journal article with 2 authors
Synolakis C, Foteinis S. 2009. Choking on carbon emissions from Greek academic paperwork. Nature. 461(7261):167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Webber BL, Le Maitre DC, Kriticos DJ. 2012. Comment on “Climatic niche shifts are rare among terrestrial plant invaders.” Science. 338(6104):193; author reply 193.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Agrawal N, Sachdev B, Rodrigues J, Sree KS, Bhatnagar RK. 2013. Development associated profiling of chitinase and microRNA of Helicoverpa armigera identified chitinase repressive microRNA. Sci Rep. 3:2292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bitam S, Mellouk A. 2014. Bio-Inspired Routing Protocols for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Liong M-T, editor. 2015. Beneficial Microorganisms in Food and Nutraceuticals. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing (Microbiology Monographs).
A chapter in an edited book
Frade C, Acioly-Régnier N, Jun L. 2013. Beyond Deficit Models of Learning Mathematics: Socio-cultural Directions for Change and Research. In: Clements MA (ken), Bishop AJ, Keitel C, Kilpatrick J, Leung FKS, editors. Third International Handbook of Mathematics Education. New York, NY: Springer. p. 101–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dental Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015 May 17. Revealed: First Warm-Blooded Fish (And We’ve Been Eating It For Years). IFLScience. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Inconsistencies in Awarding Financial Aid to Students Under Four Federal Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office Report No.: HRD-79-16.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Merritt KM. 2017. Predicting the Success of Running Back Prospects in the National Football League [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. 2017 Jun 29. AMC and Comcast to Offer A Commercial-Free Option. New York Times.:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chiorescu 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chiorescu 2006; Synolakis and Foteinis 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Synolakis and Foteinis 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Agrawal et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dental Research
AbbreviationJ. Dent. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-0345
ISSN (online)1544-0591
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles