How to format your references using the Journal of Dental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mandavilli A. 2004. Struggling to make an impact. Nature. 430(7002):935.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sherwood S, Fu Q. 2014. Climate change. A drier future? Science. 343(6172):737–739.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCauley E, Nelson WA, Nisbet RM. 2008. Small-amplitude cycles emerge from stage-structured interactions in Daphnia-algal systems. Nature. 455(7217):1240–1243.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Aungst JL, Heyward PM, Puche AC, Karnup SV, Hayar A, Szabo G, Shipley MT. 2003. Centre-surround inhibition among olfactory bulb glomeruli. Nature. 426(6967):623–629.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willatzen M, Lew Yan Voon LC. 2011. Separable Boundary-Value Problems in Physics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Coffey J, Budgeon S, Cahill H, editors. 2016. Learning Bodies: The Body in Youth and Childhood Studies. Singapore: Springer (Perspectives on Children and Young People).
A chapter in an edited book
Weicht B. 2016. State, Market, or Back to the Family? Nostalgic Struggles for Proper Elder Care. In: Karner C, Weicht B, editors. The Commonalities of Global Crises: Markets, Communities and Nostalgia. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. p. 115–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dental Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2017 Feb 23. New Fossil Suggests More Variety Among The Oldest Extinct Penguins. IFLScience. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Aviation: FAA’s Use and Management of Communications Resources. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office Report No.: IMTEC-90-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Emmerling-Baker D. 2017. A Qualitative Interpretive Phenomenological Study of K5 Teacher Perceptions of Classroom Empathy Instruction [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. 2016 Oct 25. Prince Museum Approved. New York Times.:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mandavilli 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mandavilli 2004; Sherwood and Fu 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sherwood and Fu 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Aungst et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dental Research
AbbreviationJ. Dent. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-0345
ISSN (online)1544-0591
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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