How to format your references using the Journal of Dental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cummins PR. 2007. The potential for giant tsunamigenic earthquakes in the northern Bay of Bengal. Nature. 449(7158):75–78.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wardle DA, Lindahl BD. 2014. Ecology. Disentangling global soil fungal diversity. Science. 346(6213):1052–1053.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hauser MD, Chomsky N, Fitch WT. 2002. The faculty of language: what is it, who has it, and how did it evolve? Science. 298(5598):1569–1579.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Watkins RE, Wisely GB, Moore LB, Collins JL, Lambert MH, Williams SP, Willson TM, Kliewer SA, Redinbo MR. 2001. The human nuclear xenobiotic receptor PXR: structural determinants of directed promiscuity. Science. 292(5525):2329–2333.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood JM. 2014. Wiley Gaap 2015. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Xiao T, Zhang L, Fei M, editors. 2012. AsiaSim 2012: Asia Simulation Conference 2012, Shanghai, China, October 27-30, 2012. Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (Communications in Computer and Information Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Kaburaki T. 2015. Ocular Involvement. In: Ishigatsubo Y, editor. Behçet’s Disease: From Genetics to Therapies. Tokyo: Springer Japan. p. 55–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dental Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015 Aug 5. How To Turn Your Smartphone Into A 3D Hologram Projector. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. A Practical Guide to Federal Enterprise Architecture, Version 1.0 (Extended by GAO-03-584G). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office Report No.: P00201.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bacus M. 2015. Disturb the Morning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik JF. 2016 Aug 26. Trading Stocks for Bonds Poses Its Own Risks. New York Times.:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cummins 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cummins 2007; Wardle and Lindahl 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wardle and Lindahl 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Watkins et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dental Research
AbbreviationJ. Dent. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-0345
ISSN (online)1544-0591
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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