How to format your references using the Journal of Dental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lehn J-M. 2002. Toward self-organization and complex matter. Science. 295(5564):2400–2403.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zubkov MV, Tarran GA. 2008. High bacterivory by the smallest phytoplankton in the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature. 455(7210):224–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stone JV, Hunkin NM, Hornby A. 2001. Predicting spontaneous recovery of memory. Nature. 414(6860):167–168.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jennerjahn TC, Ittekkot V, Arz HW, Behling H, Pätzold J, Wefer G. 2004. Asynchronous terrestrial and marine signals of climate change during Heinrich events. Science. 306(5705):2236–2239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matignon R. 2007. Data Mining Using SAS® Enterprise MinerTM. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Phillips-Wren G, Ichalkaranje N, Jain LC, editors. 2008. Intelligent Decision Making: An AI-Based Approach. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (Studies in Computational Intelligence).
A chapter in an edited book
Wojnarski M, Stawicki S, Wojnarowski P. 2010. System for Automated Evaluation of Algorithms in Repeatable Experiments. In: Szczuka M, Kryszkiewicz M, Ramanna S, Jensen R, Hu Q, editors. Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing: 7th International Conference, RSCTC 2010, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30,2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, Naor M, Nierstrasz O, Pandu Rangan C, Steffen B, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science). p. 20–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dental Research.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016 Jun 24. British Astronaut Tim Peake’s Space Photography Is Absolutely Awe-Inspiring. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1970. Sole-Source Contract Awards for Assembly of Radio Communication Systems, AN/GRC-142. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office Report No.: B-165004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayorga J. 2009. MSW students’ perception of mental health competence [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Morris M. 2015 Mar 15. Why Argue With a Dream? New York Times.:ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lehn 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Lehn 2002; Zubkov and Tarran 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zubkov and Tarran 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Jennerjahn et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dental Research
AbbreviationJ. Dent. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-0345
ISSN (online)1544-0591
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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