How to format your references using the Journal of Dental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Verrijzer CP. 2001. Transcription factor IID--not so basal after all. Science. 293(5537):2010–2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mappes J, Lindström L. 2012. Ecology. How did the cuckoo get its polymorphic plumage? Science. 337(6094):532–533.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dame RT, Noom MC, Wuite GJL. 2006. Bacterial chromatin organization by H-NS protein unravelled using dual DNA manipulation. Nature. 444(7117):387–390.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Srour M, Rivière J-B, Pham JMT, Dubé M-P, Girard S, Morin S, Dion PA, Asselin G, Rochefort D, Hince P, et al. 2010. Mutations in DCC cause congenital mirror movements. Science. 328(5978):592.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padova T. 2011. Adobe® Acrobat® X PDF Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Shastri Y, Hansen A, Rodríguez L, Ting KC, editors. 2014. Engineering and Science of Biomass Feedstock Production and Provision. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Agoshkov VI, Kamenschikov LP, Karepova ED, Shaidurov VV. 2008. Numerical Solution of Some Direct and Inverse Mathematical Problems for Tidal Flows. In: Krause E, Shokin YI, Resch M, Shokina N, editors. Computational Science and High Performance Computing III: The 3rd Russian-German Advanced Research Workshop, Novosibirsk, Russia, July 23 - 27, 2007. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. (Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design). p. 31–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dental Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015 Aug 27. The Straight Dope On The Genetics Of Cannabis. IFLScience. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Aviation Safety: FAA Has Increased Efforts to Address Runway Incursions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office Report No.: GAO-08-1169T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garapati SH. 2013. Analytical and Numerical Modeling of Assembly Procedures of Steel Fulcra of Bascule Bridges [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2007 Sep 26. Justices Agree to Hear Case Challenging Voter ID Laws. New York Times.:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Verrijzer 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Verrijzer 2001; Mappes and Lindström 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mappes and Lindström 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Srour et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dental Research
AbbreviationJ. Dent. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-0345
ISSN (online)1544-0591
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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