How to format your references using the Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greffet, J.-J., 2005, “Applied Physics. Nanoantennas for Light Emission,” Science, 308(5728), pp. 1561–1563.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tobisu, M., and Chatani, N., 2014, “Chemistry. Remote Control by Steric Effects,” Science, 343(6173), pp. 850–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heierli, J., Gumbsch, P., and Zaiser, M., 2008, “Anticrack Nucleation as Triggering Mechanism for Snow Slab Avalanches,” Science, 321(5886), pp. 240–243.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cowan, C. A., Atienza, J., Melton, D. A., and Eggan, K., 2005, “Nuclear Reprogramming of Somatic Cells after Fusion with Human Embryonic Stem Cells,” Science, 309(5739), pp. 1369–1373.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauer, E., 2010, Design for Reliability, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Reddy, N., 2015, Innovative Biofibers from Renewable Resources, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Santos, L. D., and Martins, I., 2013, “The Monitoring System on Quality of Life of the City of Porto,” Community Quality-of-Life Indicators: Best Cases VI, M.J. Sirgy, R. Phillips, and D. Rahtz, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 77–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016, “This Hopping Robot Is As Cool As The Desert Rodent That Inspired It,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996, Intellectual Property: Patent Examination and Copyright Office Issues, T-RCED/GGD-96-230, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Venegas Carro, G. I., 2017, “The Slow Movements of Anton Bruckner’s Symphonies: Dialogical Perspectives,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blecher, G., 2013, “Bound to a Place, Despite Life’s Thorns,” New York Times, p. D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1550-624X
ISSN (online)1551-6989
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles