How to format your references using the Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macneil, J. S., 2000, “ECOLOGY: Forest Fire Plan Kindles Debate,” Science, 289(5484), pp. 1448b–9b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fine, M., and Tchernov, D., 2007, “Scleractinian Coral Species Survive and Recover from Decalcification,” Science, 315(5820), p. 1811.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jenkins, N., Saam, J. R., and Mango, S. E., 2006, “CYK-4/GAP Provides a Localized Cue to Initiate Anteroposterior Polarity upon Fertilization,” Science, 313(5791), pp. 1298–1301.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Solstad, T., Boccara, C. N., Kropff, E., Moser, M.-B., and Moser, E. I., 2008, “Representation of Geometric Borders in the Entorhinal Cortex,” Science, 322(5909), pp. 1865–1868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camarillo, G., and García-Martín, M. A., 2006, The 3G IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Wang, P. S. P., ed., 2011, Pattern Recognition, Machine Intelligence and Biometrics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Littmann, T., and Berkowicz, S. M., 2008, “The Regional Climatic Setting,” Arid Dune Ecosystems: The Nizzana Sands in the Negev Desert, S.-W. Breckle, A. Yair, and M. Veste, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015, “Smallest Panda Twin Cub Dies,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015, Information Technology: Additional OMB and Agency Actions Needed to Ensure Portfolio Savings Are Realized and Effectively Tracked, GAO-15-296, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burugupalli, R. T., 2017, “2x1 Space-Time MIMO-OFDM Parallel Cancellation Scheme with Viterbi Decoding,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Miranda, L.-M., 2017, “Stephen Sondheim,” New York Times, p. M2143.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1550-624X
ISSN (online)1551-6989
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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