How to format your references using the Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smocovitis, V. B., 2000, “George Ledyard Stebbins (1906-2000),” Nature, 404(6778), p. 562.
A journal article with 2 authors
Galant, R., and Carroll, S. B., 2002, “Evolution of a Transcriptional Repression Domain in an Insect Hox Protein,” Nature, 415(6874), pp. 910–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davison, P. A., Hunter, C. N., and Horton, P., 2002, “Overexpression of Beta-Carotene Hydroxylase Enhances Stress Tolerance in Arabidopsis,” Nature, 418(6894), pp. 203–206.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Panganiban, B., Qiao, B., Jiang, T., DelRe, C., Obadia, M. M., Nguyen, T. D., Smith, A. A. A., Hall, A., Sit, I., Crosby, M. G., Dennis, P. B., Drockenmuller, E., Olvera de la Cruz, M., and Xu, T., 2018, “Random Heteropolymers Preserve Protein Function in Foreign Environments,” Science, 359(6381), pp. 1239–1243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnston, D., 2011, A Brief History of Justice, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Bruckstein, A. M., Haar Romeny, B. M. T., Bronstein, A. M., and Bronstein, M. M., eds., 2012, Scale Space and Variational Methods in Computer Vision: Third International Conference, SSVM 2011, Ein-Gedi, Israel, May 29 – June 2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Karlsson, H., Kontush, A., and James, R. W., 2015, “Functionality of HDL: Antioxidation and Detoxifying Effects,” High Density Lipoproteins: From Biological Understanding to Clinical Exploitation, A. von Eckardstein, and D. Kardassis, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 207–228.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017, “Hundreds Of Earthworks Found In Amazon Rainforest Reveal Ancient Human Activity,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978, Status of the EF-111A Tactical Jamming System, PSAD-78-32, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greene, G. L., 2015, “An Analysis of the Comparison between Classroom Grades Earned with a Standards-Based Grading System and Grade-Level Assessment Scores as Measured by the Missouri Assessment Program,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Hartocollis, A., and Harmon, A., 2017, “For Many Medical Students, the Caribbean Was Warm and Welcoming. Until Now,” New York Times, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1550-624X
ISSN (online)1551-6989
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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