How to format your references using the Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Korotev, R. L., 2004, “Planetary Science. A Unique Chunk of the Moon,” Science, 305(5684), pp. 622–623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nash, J. D., and Moum, J. N., 2005, “River Plumes as a Source of Large-Amplitude Internal Waves in the Coastal Ocean,” Nature, 437(7057), pp. 400–403.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rosenbaum, D. M., Rasmussen, S. G. F., and Kobilka, B. K., 2009, “The Structure and Function of G-Protein-Coupled Receptors,” Nature, 459(7245), pp. 356–363.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Taubenberger, J. K., Reid, A. H., Lourens, R. M., Wang, R., Jin, G., and Fanning, T. G., 2005, “Characterization of the 1918 Influenza Virus Polymerase Genes,” Nature, 437(7060), pp. 889–893.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Randall, J. F., 2006, Designing Indoor Solar Products, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lencioni, R., ed., 2006, Enhancing the Role of Ultrasound with Contrast Agents, Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Crowe, M. L., Rychtář, J., Rueppell, O., Chhetri, M., Remington, D. L., and Gupta, S. N., 2013, “Proving the ‘Proof’: Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research Positively Impacts Students,” Topics from the 8th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference, J. Rychtář, S. Gupta, R. Shivaji, and M. Chhetri, eds., Springer, New York, NY, pp. 25–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “Terminator-Style 3D Printer Materializes Objects From Pools Of Liquid,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990, Operations of and Outlook for the Transportation Trust Funds, T-RCED-90-78, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seger, J. L., 2017, “The Occupy Movement: Signs of Cultural Shifts in Group Processes Shaped by Place,” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stolberg, S. G., and Nixon, R., 2015, “Another City, Another Death in Public Eye,” New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1550-624X
ISSN (online)1551-6989
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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