How to format your references using the Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C., 2013, “Pathology: At the Heart of the Problem,” Nature, 493(7434), pp. S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Janssen, M., and Renn, J., 2015, “History: Einstein Was No Lone Genius,” Nature, 527(7578), pp. 298–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gillespie, A. R., Montgomery, D. R., and Mushkin, A., 2005, “Planetary Science: Are There Active Glaciers on Mars?,” Nature, 438(7069), pp. E9-10; discussion E10.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gros, J., Feistel, K., Viebahn, C., Blum, M., and Tabin, C. J., 2009, “Cell Movements at Hensen’s Node Establish Left/Right Asymmetric Gene Expression in the Chick,” Science, 324(5929), pp. 941–944.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gu, X., Jiang, N., Ji, K., Li, H., Qiu, X., Li, W., Ji, X., Du, H., Sheng, B., and Huang, H., 2017, Self-Healing Control Technology for Distribution Networks, John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Wu, J.-Z., 2006, Vorticity and Vortex Dynamics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gill, I. S., 2006, “Laparoscopic Surgery for Renal Cell Carcinoma,” Operative Urology at the Cleveland Clinic, A.C. Novick, J. Stephen Jones, I.S. Gill, E.A. Klein, R. Rackley, and J.H. Ross, eds., Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016, “Amateur Astronomer Reveals Star Spots On Pulsar’s Companion,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995, Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments, AA-95-35(3), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Masumdar, S., 2017, “Vibration-Based Electromagnetic Energy Harvester for Low-Frequency Road Traffic,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, M., and Shear, M. D., 2017, “Mild in Mideast, but Elbows Are Out in Europe,” New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1550-624X
ISSN (online)1551-6989
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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