How to format your references using the Heritage Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heritage Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gewin V. In search of the élite. Nature. 2003;426:713–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sawa A, Snyder SH. Schizophrenia: diverse approaches to a complex disease. Science. 2002;296:692–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Belmonte A, Di Clemente R, Buldyrev SV. The Italian primary school-size distribution and the city-size: a complex nexus. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5301.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Vassylyev DG, Vassylyeva MN, Zhang J, Palangat M, Artsimovitch I, Landick R. Structural basis for substrate loading in bacterial RNA polymerase. Nature. 2007;448:163–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gianni R. Responsibility and Freedom. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Carbone G, editor. Grasping in Robotics. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tsai JW, Moors T. Opportunistic Multipath Routing in Wireless Mesh Networks. In: Bartolini N, Nikoletseas S, Sinha P, Cardellini V, Mahanti A, editors. Quality of Service in Heterogeneous Networks: 6th International ICST Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness, QShine 2009 and 3rd International Workshop on Advanced Architectures and Algorithms for Internet Delivery and Applications, AAA-IDEA 2009, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, November 23-25, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 71–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heritage Science.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. For $8,000, This Startup Will Fill Your Veins With The Blood Of Young People — But It Has No Idea If It’ll Have Any Benefits [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/for-8000-this-startup-will-fill-your-veins-with-the-blood-of-young-people-but-it-has-no-idea-if-itll-have-any-benefits/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Complete and Enforced Architecture Needed for FAA Systems Modernization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Feb. Report No.: AIMD-97-30.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wheaton HF. The Relationship between Team Captains’ Leadership Styles and Team Performance [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. A Reverent Hush for Wimbledon’s Ads. New York Times. 2017 Jul 9;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeritage Science
AbbreviationHerit. Sci.
ISSN (online)2050-7445
Scope

Other styles