How to format your references using the Heritage Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heritage Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Reichhardt T. Doubts and uncertainties slow NASA’s schedule. Nature. 2000;405:4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yang Y, Lisberger SG. Purkinje-cell plasticity and cerebellar motor learning are graded by complex-spike duration. Nature. 2014;510:529–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Whiteman G, Hope C, Wadhams P. Vast costs of Arctic change. Nature. 2013;499:401–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bowler JM, Johnston H, Olley JM, Prescott JR, Roberts RG, Shawcross W, et al. New ages for human occupation and climatic change at Lake Mungo, Australia. Nature. 2003;421:837–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Shelby AM, McKune CM. Small Animal Anesthesia Techniques. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Navab N, Jannin P, editors. Information Processing in Computer-Assisted Interventions: First International Conference, IPCAI 2010, Geneva, Switzerland, June 23, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pandey R, Sethi VK, Pandey M, Choubey M. Recent Research and Various Techniques Available for Efficiency Improvement of IGCC Power Plants. In: Dash SS, Bhaskar MA, Panigrahi BK, Das S, editors. Artificial Intelligence and Evolutionary Computations in Engineering Systems: Proceedings of ICAIECES 2015. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016. p. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heritage Science.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Teenage Suicide Attempts Fall In The US After Same-Sex Marriage Is Legalized [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/teenage-suicide-attempts-fall-in-the-us-after-samesex-marriage-is-legalized/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Reported Year 2000 (Y2K) Readiness Status of 25 Large School Districts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Sep. Report No.: AIMD-99-296R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Francom C. Análisis sociolingüístico de eleccion de lengua en encuentros de servicio: Una perspectiva etnográfica y experimental [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rueb ES. Before Fire Under Tracks in East Harlem, a Business Took Root. New York Times. 2016 May 26;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeritage Science
AbbreviationHerit. Sci.
ISSN (online)2050-7445
Scope

Other styles