How to format your references using the Heritage Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heritage Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Tylianakis JM. Ecology. Warming up food webs. Science. 2009;323:1300–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Belkaid Y, Grainger J. Immunology. Mucus coat, a dress code for tolerance. Science. 2013;342:432–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Scholl JA, Koh AL, Dionne JA. Quantum plasmon resonances of individual metallic nanoparticles. Nature. 2012;483:421–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Orlov T, Yakovlev V, Hochstein S, Zohary E. Macaque monkeys categorize images by their ordinal number. Nature. 2000;404:77–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hansen S, Pedersen-Bjergaard S, Rasmussen K. Introduction to Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Chen D. Growth and Characterization of Bulk Superconductor Material. Lin C, Maljuk A, Zhou F, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gent MRA. On the Stability of Rock Slopes. In: Zimmermann C, Dean RG, Penchev V, Verhagen HJ, editors. Environmentally Friendly Coastal Protection: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Environmentally Friendly Coastal Protection Structures Varna, Bulgaria 25–27 May 2004. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heritage Science.

Blog post
1. Davis J. One In Six Species At Risk From Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/one-six-species-risk-climate-change/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. No Federal Programs Are Designed Primarily To Support Engineering Education, but Many Do. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 May. Report No.: PAD-82-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. DeRose CT. Electro-optic polymers: Materials and devices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Theater; The Terrain Where Generations Meet. New York Times. 2017 Sep 22;AR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeritage Science
AbbreviationHerit. Sci.
ISSN (online)2050-7445
Scope

Other styles