How to format your references using the European Journal of Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Information Systems (EJIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
CROW JM (2012) Psoriasis uncovered. Nature 492(7429), S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
KARLAN D and ZINMAN J (2011) Microcredit in theory and practice: using randomized credit scoring for impact evaluation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 332(6035), 1278–1284.
A journal article with 3 authors
KELLER RA, FISK MR and WHITE WM (2000) Isotopic evidence for Late Cretaceous plume-ridge interaction at the Hawaiian hotspot. Nature 405(6787), 673–676.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
MAIRA SM, GALETIC I, BRAZIL DP, KAECH S, INGLEY E, THELEN M and HEMMINGS BA (2001) Carboxyl-terminal modulator protein (CTMP), a negative regulator of PKB/Akt and v-Akt at the plasma membrane. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294(5541), 374–380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
BAKER WL, MARN MV and ZAWADA CC (2010) The Price Advantage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
BUSCH O (ed) (2016) Programmatic Advertising: The Successful Transformation to Automated, Data-Driven Marketing in Real-Time. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
MISHRA RS, DE PS and KUMAR N (2014) Friction Stir Welding Configurations and Tool Selection. In Friction Stir Welding and Processing: Science and Engineering (De PS & Kumar N, Eds), pp 95–108, Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Information Systems.

Blog post
ANDREW E (2015) Peak Athletic Performance Is Dependent On Sleep Cycle. [Online] Available at: (accessed 30/10/18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (2006) Higher Education: More Information Could Help Education Determine the Extent to Which Eligible Servicemembers Serving on Active Duty Benefited from Relief Provided by Lenders and Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
MACHULA M (2014) Understanding and Predicting Teachers’ Knowledge of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GREENHOUSE L (2005) A Ceremonial Start to the Session as the Supreme Court Welcomes a New Chief Justice. New York Times, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crow, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Karlan & Zinman, 2011; Crow, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karlan & Zinman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Maira et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Information Systems
AbbreviationEur. J. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0960-085X
ISSN (online)1476-9344
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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