How to format your references using the European Journal of Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Information Systems (EJIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
HOBSON KA (2002) Ecology. Incredible journeys. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5557), 981–983.
A journal article with 2 authors
ORTEGA-JIMENEZ VM and DUDLEY R (2013) Spiderweb deformation induced by electrostatically charged insects. Scientific reports 3, 2108.
A journal article with 3 authors
BASS AH, GILLAND EH and BAKER R (2008) Evolutionary origins for social vocalization in a vertebrate hindbrain-spinal compartment. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321(5887), 417–421.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
KIM H-M, CHO YS, KIM H, JHO S, SON B, CHOI JY, KIM S, LEE BC, BHAK J and JANG G (2013) Whole genome comparison of donor and cloned dogs. Scientific reports 3, 2998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MORLEY D (2017) Communications and Mobility. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
NOF SY (ed) (2009) Springer Handbook of Automation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
DONG X, ZHAO Y, YUA J and PENG Q (2009) Optimal Determination of the T-Hour Unit Hydrograph by Using Goal Attainment Method. In Advances in Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering: Proceedings of 16th IAHR-APD Congress and 3rd Symposium of IAHR-ISHS (Tang H, Ed), pp 18–23, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Information Systems.

Blog post
LUNTZ S (2016) Crop Records Reveal Madagascar And Comoros Were Settled From Southeast Asia. [Online] Available at: (accessed 30/10/18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1991) Department of Education GMR. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DHAH S (2015) The relationship between job-embedded professional development and special education teacher self-efficacy in hard-to-staff middle schools. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
VECSEY G (2010) Waiting To Discover If Water Still Flows. New York Times, B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hobson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hobson, 2002; Ortega-Jimenez & Dudley, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ortega-Jimenez & Dudley, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Information Systems
AbbreviationEur. J. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0960-085X
ISSN (online)1476-9344
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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