How to format your references using the European Journal of Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Information Systems (EJIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
GOLDSTEIN L (2012) US election: Know your representatives. Nature 489(7417), 494–495.
A journal article with 2 authors
JEROLMACK DJ and MOHRIG D (2005) Palaeoclimatology: formation of Precambrian sediment ripples. Nature 436(7049), E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
LIN S-C, LO Y-C and WU H (2010) Helical assembly in the MyD88-IRAK4-IRAK2 complex in TLR/IL-1R signalling. Nature 465(7300), 885–890.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
WOODING S, BUFE B, GRASSI C, HOWARD MT, STONE AC, VAZQUEZ M, DUNN DM, MEYERHOF W, WEISS RB and BAMSHAD MJ (2006) Independent evolution of bitter-taste sensitivity in humans and chimpanzees. Nature 440(7086), 930–934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
ANDERSON D (2007) TKO Sales! John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
WEINER R and KELLEY M (eds) (2016) Translating Molecular Biomarkers into Clinical Assays: Techniques and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
ERRADI A, MAHESHWARI P and TOSIC V (2006) Policy-Driven Middleware for Self-adaptation of Web Services Compositions. In Middleware 2006: ACM/IFIP/USENIX 7th International Middleware Conference, Melbourne, Australia, November 27-December 1, 2006. Proceedings (Steen M van & Henning M, Eds), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp 62–80, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Information Systems.

Blog post
FANG J (2014) Watch Wasps Build Their Nest in a Window. [Online] Available at: (accessed 30/10/18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1993) Federally Funded Research: Controlling Inappropriate Access to Research Results. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LEE BK (2015) Tracking of truck flows for drayage efficiency analysis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
NEUMAN W (2015) Colombia Military Accused of Deception on Deaths. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldstein, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Jerolmack & Mohrig, 2005; Goldstein, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jerolmack & Mohrig, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wooding et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Information Systems
AbbreviationEur. J. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0960-085X
ISSN (online)1476-9344
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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