How to format your references using the European Journal of Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Information Systems (EJIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
NIMIS PL (2001) A tale from Bioutopia. Nature 413(6851), 21.
A journal article with 2 authors
MAILLARD I and SALTIEL AR (2015) Metabolism: Inflammation keeps old mice healthy. Nature 528(7580), 44–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
NIEDER A, DIESTER I and TUDUSCIUC O (2006) Temporal and spatial enumeration processes in the primate parietal cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313(5792), 1431–1435.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
JONES KE, PATEL NG, LEVY MA, STOREYGARD A, BALK D, GITTLEMAN JL and DASZAK P (2008) Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature 451(7181), 990–993.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
ZARBOCK G, LYNCH S, AMMANN A and RINGER S (2014) Mindfulness for Therapists. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
LAJINESS M and QUALLICH S (eds) (2016) The Nurse Practitioner in Urology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
ANDRADE-CETTO J and SANFELIU A (2006) Unscented Transformation of Vehicle States. In Environment Learning for Indoor Mobile Robots: A Stochastic State Estimation Approach to Simultaneous Localization and Map Building (Sanfeliu A, Ed), Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. pp 97–106, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Information Systems.

Blog post
O`CALLAGHAN J (2015) No, An Asteroid Isn’t Going To Hit Earth And Kill Us All Any Time Soon. [Online] Available at: (accessed 30/10/18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1994) Local Tax Abatement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
CHRISTIANSEN LM (2009) The impact of high quality professional development on student achievement in the state of Missouri. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
ROJAS R (2016) Prosecutors Set to Begin in Retrial of Patz Suspect. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nimis, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Nimis, 2001; Maillard & Saltiel, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maillard & Saltiel, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Information Systems
AbbreviationEur. J. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0960-085X
ISSN (online)1476-9344
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles