How to format your references using the European Journal of Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Information Systems (EJIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MCGEE H (2013) Chemistry: A festive ferment. Nature 504(7480), 372–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
MARUSYK A and POLYAK K (2013) Cancer. Cancer cell phenotypes, in fifty shades of grey. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339(6119), 528–529.
A journal article with 3 authors
LYKOTRAFITIS G, ROSAKIS AJ and RAVICHANDRAN G (2006) Self-healing pulse-like shear ruptures in the laboratory. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313(5794), 1765–1768.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
GROSSMAN SR, DEATO ME, BRIGNONE C, CHAN HM, KUNG AL, TAGAMI H, NAKATANI Y and LIVINGSTON DM (2003) Polyubiquitination of p53 by a ubiquitin ligase activity of p300. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300(5617), 342–344.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
VACCARI DA, STROM PF and ALLEMAN JE (2005) Environmental Biology for Engineers and Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
FREUDENTHAL G and MCLAUGHLIN P (eds) (2009) The Social and Economic Roots of the Scientific Revolution: Texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann (1st edition). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
OBERLACK M and KHUJADZE G (2006) Symmetry Methods in Turbulent Boundary Layer Theory. In IUTAM Symposium on One Hundred Years of Boundary Layer Research: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held at DLR-Göttingen, Germany, August 12-14, 2004 (Meier GEA, Sreenivasan KR, & Heinemann H-J, Eds), Solid mechanics and its applications. pp 39–48, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Information Systems.

Blog post
HALE T (2016) Extremely Rare Sumatran Rhino Gives Birth At Indonesian Sanctuary. [Online] Available at: (accessed 30/10/18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1997) Program Status: Naval Surface Fire Support. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
NELLENBACH KM (2010) Contributions of oral language, problem-solving, and reading attitudes to young adolescents’ silent reading comprehension. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
FEENEY K (2009) Alsatian Sauerkraut, Anyone? New York Times, NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGee, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (McGee, 2013; Marusyk & Polyak, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marusyk & Polyak, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Grossman et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Information Systems
AbbreviationEur. J. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0960-085X
ISSN (online)1476-9344
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles