How to format your references using the European Journal of Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Information Systems (EJIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
LEDFORD H (2006) Liquid fuel synthesis: making it up as you go along. Nature 444(7120), 677–678.
A journal article with 2 authors
JEAN-BAPTISTE P and FOURRÉ E (2004) Arctic Ocean: hydrothermal activity on Gakkel Ridge. Nature 428(6978), 36.
A journal article with 3 authors
VANDER HEIDEN MG, CANTLEY LC and THOMPSON CB (2009) Understanding the Warburg effect: the metabolic requirements of cell proliferation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324(5930), 1029–1033.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
SANZ JL, CHIAPPE LM, FERNÁNDEZ-JALVO Y, ORTEGA F, SÁNCHEZ-CHILLÓN B, POYATO-ARIZA FJ and PÉREZ-MORENO BP (2001) An early Cretaceous pellet. Nature 409(6823), 998–1000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
PETERSON RL (2016) Trading on Sentiment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
PACHECO A, SANTOS R, OLIVEIRA M do R and PAULINO CD (eds) (2014) New Advances in Statistical Modeling and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
FERRIS JS, WINER SL and GROFMAN B (2016) The Duverger-Demsetz Perspective on Electoral Competitiveness and Fragmentation: With Application to the Canadian Parliamentary System, 1867–2011. In The Political Economy of Social Choices (Gallego M & Schofield N, Eds), Studies in Political Economy. pp 93–122, Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Information Systems.

Blog post
ANDREW E (2015) DEA Admits Marijuana Is Definitely Safer Than Heroin. [Online] Available at: (accessed 30/10/18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1997) USDA Information Management: Extensive Improvements Needed in Managing Information Technology Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
PAN S (2014) Cybersecurity testing and intrusion detection for cyber-physical power systems. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
ELIGON J, KOVALESKI SF and COSCARELLI J (2016) Pain and Pills, and Help Too Late to Save Prince. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Jean-Baptiste & Fourré, 2004; Ledford, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jean-Baptiste & Fourré, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Sanz et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Information Systems
AbbreviationEur. J. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0960-085X
ISSN (online)1476-9344
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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