How to format your references using the European Journal of Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Information Systems (EJIS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
SWANSON RM (2009) Applied physics. Photovoltaics power up. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324(5929), 891–892.
A journal article with 2 authors
CATALAN G and SCOTT JF (2007) Magnetoelectrics: is CdCr2S4 a multiferroic relaxor? Nature 448(7156), E4-5; discussion E5-6.
A journal article with 3 authors
KELLIS M, BIRREN BW and LANDER ES (2004) Proof and evolutionary analysis of ancient genome duplication in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature 428(6983), 617–624.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
COLUZZI M, SABATINI A, DELLA TORRE A, DI DECO MA and PETRARCA V (2002) A polytene chromosome analysis of the Anopheles gambiae species complex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298(5597), 1415–1418.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
SHUNMUGAPERUMAL T (2010) Biofilm Eradication and Prevention. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
ROSE A (ed) (2015) Anticoagulation Management: A Guidebook for Pharmacists1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
ZEYNALOVA MH, RUSTAMOV RB and SALAHOVA SE (2009) Advanced Space Technology for Oil Spill Detection. In Space Technologies for the Benefit of Human Society and Earth (Olla P, Ed), pp 99–120, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Information Systems.

Blog post
O`CALLAGHAN J (2015) How Likely Is It That Your Job Will Be Replaced By A Robot? [Online] Available at: (accessed 30/10/18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (2015) Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps to Improve Vetting of Airport Workers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
HE W (2017) A Comprehensive Analysis of Fracture Initiation and Propagation in Sandstones based on Micro-Level Observation and Digital Imaging Correlation. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
DETRICK B (2016) The Vnyl. New York Times, D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swanson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Catalan & Scott, 2007; Swanson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Catalan & Scott, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Coluzzi et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Information Systems
AbbreviationEur. J. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0960-085X
ISSN (online)1476-9344
ScopeInformation Systems
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles