How to format your references using the Translational Research in Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Research in Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.H. Bucksbaum, The future of attosecond spectroscopy, Science. 317 (2007) 766–769.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.F. Loring, C. Campbell, Science and law. Intellectual property and human embryonic stem cell research, Science. 311 (2006) 1716–1717.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.H. Shim, T.S. Duffy, G. Shen, Stability and structure of MgSiO3 perovskite to 2300-kilometer depth in Earth’s mantle, Science. 293 (2001) 2437–2440.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Martinez, N. McGranahan, N.J. Birkbak, M. Gerlinger, C. Swanton, Computational optimisation of targeted DNA sequencing for cancer detection, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3309.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Smith, Structural Design of Buildings, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
J.L. Derevensky, R. Gupta, eds., Gambling Problems in Youth: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Beldiceanu, I. Katriel, X. Lorca, Undirected Forest Constraints, in: J.C. Beck, B.M. Smith (Eds.), Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming for Combinatorial Optimization Problems: Third International Conference, CPAIOR 2006, Cork, Ireland, May 31 - June 2, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 29–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Research in Anatomy.

Blog post
T. Hale, Why Have Loads Of Corpse Flowers Been Releasing Their Stink Recently?, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intercity Passenger Rail: Issues Associated with the Recent Settlement between Amtrak and the Consortium of Bombardier and Alstom, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.F. Bustillo, Heart and Art: Post-adoption program: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, Theater Evokes a Non-Disposable Experience, And It Starts With What’s Served at the Bar, New York Times. (2017) A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Research in Anatomy
ISSN (print)2214-854X

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