How to format your references using the Translational Research in Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Research in Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.T. Zuber, The crust and mantle of Mars, Nature. 412 (2001) 220–227.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Gatfield, U. Schibler, Physiology. Proteasomes keep the circadian clock ticking, Science. 316 (2007) 1135–1136.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.C. Dian, A. Longarte, T.S. Zwier, Conformational dynamics in a dipeptide after single-mode vibrational excitation, Science. 296 (2002) 2369–2373.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Bonnet-Mercier, R.A. Wong, M.L. Thomas, A. Dutta, K. Yamanaka, C. Yogi, T. Ohta, H.R. Byon, A structured three-dimensional polymer electrolyte with enlarged active reaction zone for Li-O2 batteries, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.A. Campbell, The One-Page Project Manager for it Projects, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
L.A. van der Ark, D.M. Bolt, W.-C. Wang, J.A. Douglas, M. Wiberg, eds., Quantitative Psychology Research: The 80th Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society, Beijing, 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Minghetti, M. Santimaria, A. D’Arpino, Classificazione dei radiofarmaci, in: G. Lucignani (Ed.), Sperimentazione e Registrazione Dei Radiofarmaci: Normative e Procedure, Springer, Milano, 2013: pp. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Research in Anatomy.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Monkeys Are Aware Of The Unreliability Of Their Memories, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Charges Made by the National Federation of the Blind Against the National Accreditation Council for Agencies Serving the Blind and Visually Handicapped, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.M. Nakano, Community college swirlers and the transfer function, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
T. Rohan, War Zone at Mile 26: ‘So Many People Without Legs,’ New York Times. (2013) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Research in Anatomy
ISSN (print)2214-854X

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