How to format your references using the Translational Research in Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Research in Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Dalton, US court slashes damages in polymerase-beta theft case, Nature. 407 (2000) 824.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.L. Stern, V. Orgogozo, Is genetic evolution predictable?, Science. 323 (2009) 746–751.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Bailes, R.T. Dean, M.T. Pearce, Music cognition as mental time travel, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2690.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.R. White, P. Enever, M. Tayebi, R. Mushens, J. Linehan, S. Brandner, D. Anstee, J. Collinge, S. Hawke, Monoclonal antibodies inhibit prion replication and delay the development of prion disease, Nature. 422 (2003) 80–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Nomura, Micromechanics with Mathematica, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
C. Tinelli, V. Sofronie-Stokkermans, eds., Frontiers of Combining Systems: 8th International Symposium, FroCoS 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, October 5-7, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Cioranescu, V. Girault, K.R. Rajagopal, Classical Non-Newtonian Fluids, in: V. Girault, K.R. Rajagopal (Eds.), Mechanics and Mathematics of Fluids of the Differential Type, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 115–178.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Research in Anatomy.

Blog post
E. Andrew, The Number Of Chimpanzees Used In Biomedical Research Is Declining, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children: Federal Support for Developing Language and Literacy, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.G. Johnson, An Exploration of the Psychosocial Aspects of Weight Among College Students in the College Environment, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Mueller, A. Southall, A.L. Baker, When Marriage Turns Murderous, New York Times. (2016) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Research in Anatomy
ISSN (print)2214-854X

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