How to format your references using the Journal of Sport and Health Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sport and Health Science (JSHS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heaven MC. Chemistry. Turn the molecule this way for a faster reaction. Science 2013;342:46–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goodman S, Kreeger K. Getting organized. Nature 2003;423:98–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aboelella NW, Reynolds AM, Tolman WB. Biophysics. Catching copper in the act. Science 2004;304:836–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wen Q-Y, Tian W, Mao Q, Chen Z, Liu W-W, Yang Q-H, et al. Graphene based all-optical spatial terahertz modulator. Sci Rep 2014;4:7409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang PG, Chan T. The Chinese Yuan. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2011.
An edited book
Taylor E, McMillan A, editors. Air Quality Management: Canadian Perspectives on a Global Issue. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014. XII, 408 p. 208 illus., 149 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Cañada A, Villegas S. Systems of Equations. In: Villegas S, editor. A Variational Approach to Lyapunov Type Inequalities: From ODEs to PDEs. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.p.95–118. (SpringerBriefs in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sport and Health Science.

Blog post
Andrews R. Hidden World Discovered Buried Beneath Antarctica [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Procurement: Opportunities to Improve Contract Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992 May. Report No.: T-NSIAD-92-33.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abdeljaber SR. High school mathematics teachers’ perceptions of mathematics education in northwest Florida [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Maheshwari S. CBS Woos Sponsors With Energetic Pitch By a Surging Colbert. New York Times 2017 May 18;B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sport and Health Science
AbbreviationJ. Sport Health Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-2546
ISSN (online)2213-2961
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles