How to format your references using the Journal of Sport and Health Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sport and Health Science (JSHS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yeomans D. Small bodies of the Solar System. Nature 2000;404:829–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dupuy TJ, Kraus AL. Distances, luminosities, and temperatures of the coldest known substellar objects. Science 2013;341:1492–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiske ST, Harris LT, Cuddy AJC. Social psychology. Why ordinary people torture enemy prisoners. Science 2004;306:1482–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hsieh D, Qian D, Wray L, Xia Y, Hor YS, Cava RJ, et al. A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase. Nature 2008;452:970–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murphy DB, Davidson MW. Fundamentals of Light Microscopy and Electronic Imaging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
Chakraborty MK, Skowron A, Maiti M, Kar S, editors. Facets of Uncertainties and Applications: ICFUA, Kolkata, India, December 2013. New Delhi: Springer India, 2015. XIV, 343 p. 61 illus., 43 illus. in color. (Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; vol. 125).
A chapter in an edited book
Natsume K. Brain-Inspired e-Learning System Using EEG. In: Lee M, Hirose A, Hou Z-G, Kil RM, editors. Neural Information Processing: 20th International Conference, ICONIP 2013, Daegu, Korea, November 3-7, 2013. Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.p.25–32. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sport and Health Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. Huge Trial Shows Early HIV Treatment Dramatically Improves Patient Outcome [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Potential Financial Issues in the Event That Amtrak Undergoes Liquidation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002 Sep. Report No.: GAO-02-871.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joppy DA. Principal Socialization in One Virginia School District: A Phenomenological Investigation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Political Bite Gives Colbert Ratings Edge Over Fallon. New York Times 2017 Feb 7;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sport and Health Science
AbbreviationJ. Sport Health Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-2546
ISSN (online)2213-2961
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles