How to format your references using the Journal of Sport and Health Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sport and Health Science (JSHS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hinnebusch AG. Cell biology. Blocking stress response for better memory? Science 2015;348:967–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kleinberg J, Lawrence S. Network analysis. The structure of the Web. Science 2001;294:1849–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pielke R Jr, Wigley T, Green C. Dangerous assumptions. Nature 2008;452:531–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Klimov VI, Ivanov SA, Nanda J, Achermann M, Bezel I, McGuire JA, et al. Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals. Nature 2007;447:441–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murphy R. Dynamic Assessment, Intelligence and Measurement. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010.
An edited book
Angelini C, editor. Acquired Neuromuscular Disorders: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016. XI, 288 p. 43 illus., 27 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Bunjes H, Müller-Goymann CC. Microsystems for Emulsification. In: Dietzel A, editor. Microsystems for Pharmatechnology: Manipulation of Fluids, Particles, Droplets, and Cells. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.p.153–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sport and Health Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Are The Chances That Climate Change Is “Natural”? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weekend Settlement: Potential Benefits, Costs, and Legal Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002 Sep. Report No.: GAO-02-938.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bible PW. Integrating Heterogeneous Datasets for Functional Profiling of Transcription Factors and Their Target Genes [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Surico J. Model Pet? Try a Rat. New York Times 2017 Jun 8;MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sport and Health Science
AbbreviationJ. Sport Health Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-2546
ISSN (online)2213-2961
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles