How to format your references using the Journal of Sport and Health Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sport and Health Science (JSHS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldstein DB. Growth of genome screening needs debate. Nature 2011;476:27–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saykally RJ, Wales DJ. Chemistry. Pinning down the water hexamer. Science 2012;336:814–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irie M, Kobatake S, Horichi M. Reversible surface morphology changes of a photochromic diarylethene single crystal by photoirradiation. Science 2001;291:1769–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee KC, Sprague MR, Sussman BJ, Nunn J, Langford NK, Jin X-M, et al. Entangling macroscopic diamonds at room temperature. Science 2011;334:1253–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolf G. Tales of the Barbarians. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
Coscas G. Optical Coherence Tomography in Age-Related Macular Degeneration: OCT in AMD. Coscas F, Vismara S, Zourdani A, Calzi CIL, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009. XXVI, 389 p. 1000 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Batyrshin I. A Retrospective Glance from Russia at Wonderland of Fuzziness. In: Seising R, Trillas E, Moraga C, Termini S, editors. On Fuzziness: A Homage to Lotfi A. Zadeh – Volume 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.p.31–8. (Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sport and Health Science.

Blog post
Andrew D. Five Maps That Will Change How You See The World [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Direct Student Loans: Analyses of Borrowers’ Use of the Income Contingent Repayment Option. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997 Aug. Report No.: HEHS-97-155.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shellhouse K. The Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary Deposit in LaSalle Parish, Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus S. Trump’s Boasts Shake Women Out of Silence. New York Times 2016 Oct 14;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sport and Health Science
AbbreviationJ. Sport Health Sci.
ISSN (print)2095-2546
ISSN (online)2213-2961
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles