How to format your references using the Journal of Fish Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fish Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2011). Genomics: Genomes in three dimensions. Nature, 470, 289–294.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perry, B., & Sones, K. (2007). Science for development. Poverty reduction through animal health. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315, 333–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
David, S. S., O’Shea, V. L., & Kundu, S. (2007). Base-excision repair of oxidative DNA damage. Nature, 447, 941–950.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mueller, K. L., Hoon, M. A., Erlenbach, I., Chandrashekar, J., Zuker, C. S., & Ryba, N. J. P. (2005). The receptors and coding logic for bitter taste. Nature, 434, 225–229.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rémy, J.-G., & Letamendia, C. (2013). Home Area Networks and IPTV. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
(2007). Deoxynucleoside Analogs In Cancer Therapy. G. J. Peters (Ed.). Cancer Drug Discovery and Development. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Tarantino, U., & Resmini, G. (2011). Valutazione dei pazienti con fratture da fragilità e/o con bassa BMD (T-score<-2,5) in presenza di uno o più fattori di rischio. In G. Resmini (Ed.), La gestione delle fratture da fragilità ossea: Raccomandazioni per chirurghi ortopedici (pp. 19–19). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fish Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Scientists Discover Species Of Frog That Gives Birth To Live Tadpoles (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Commercial Space Launches: FAA Should Update How It Assesses Federal Liability Risk. GAO-12-899. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Albrinck, B. M. (2010). An Exploratory Study of Urban Transportation and Air Quality Issues Using CO as an Indicator (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017). Still Stretching Toward Heaven. New York Times. May 5, 2017, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2011; Perry & Sones, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perry & Sones, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Mueller et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fish Biology
AbbreviationJ. Fish Biol.
ISSN (print)0022-1112
ISSN (online)1095-8649
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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