How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D. DNA microarrays: more than gene expression. Nature (2005) 437:1195–1198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butler D, Pockley P. Monsanto makes rice genome public. Nature (2000) 404:534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloxham J, Zatman S, Dumberry M. The origin of geomagnetic jerks. Nature (2002) 420:65–68.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Philippot P, Van Zuilen M, Lepot K, Thomazo C, Farquhar J, Van Kranendonk MJ. Early Archaean microorganisms preferred elemental sulfur, not sulfate. Science (2007) 317:1534–1537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisen PS, Debnath M, Prasad GBKS. Microbes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2012).
An edited book
Ismail M. Cooperative Networking in a Heterogeneous Wireless Medium. , ed. W. Zhuang New York, NY: Springer (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Hidalgo-Herrero M, Ortega-Mallén Y, Rubio F. “Comparing Alternative Evaluation Strategies for Stream-Based Parallel Functional Languages,” in Implementation and Application of Functional Languages: 18th International Symposium, IFL 2006, Budapest, Hungary, September 4-6, 2006, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. Z. Horváth, V. Zsók, A. Butterfield (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endocrinology.

Blog post
Fang J. Male Seahorse Pregnancies Aren’t That Peculiar. IFLScience (2015) Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Underinflated Tires in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (2007).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sevier J. A preventative and treatment substance use program for GLBT adolescents in Long Beach: A grant proposal. (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. How to Endure Extra Innings? For Granderson, It’s Sip by Sip. New York Times (2017)D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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