How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chawla DS. Badges of distinction. Nature (2015) 526:145–146.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fratzl P, Barth FG. Biomaterial systems for mechanosensing and actuation. Nature (2009) 462:442–448.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo ZX, Crompton AW, Sun AL. A new mammaliaform from the early Jurassic and evolution of mammalian characteristics. Science (2001) 292:1535–1540.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Williams HM, McCammon CA, Peslier AH, Halliday AN, Teutsch N, Levasseur S, Burg J-P. Iron isotope fractionation and the oxygen fugacity of the mantle. Science (2004) 304:1656–1659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bruen AA, Forcinito MA. Cryptography, Information Theory, and Error-Correction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2004).
An edited book
Perelman Y. The NeuroProcessor: An Integrated Interface to Biological Neural Networks. Ginosar R, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands (2008). VIII, 122 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Akinbami CAO, Olawoye JE, Adesina FA. “Rural Women Belief System and Attitude Toward Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies in Nigeria.,” In: Leal Filho W, Musa H, Cavan G, O’Hare P, Seixas J, editors. Climate Change Adaptation, Resilience and Hazards. Climate Change Management. Cham: Springer International Publishing (2016). p. 49–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endocrinology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. John Glenn, First American To Orbit The Earth, Dies At 95. IFLScience (2016)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (1996).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey RU. A Risk Analysis Tool for Evaluating ROI of TRA for Major Defense Acquisition Programs. [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George N. Invisibly Black. New York Times (2017)BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

Other styles