How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Job insecurity. Nature (2002) 419:3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bellingham JG, Rajan K. Robotics in remote and hostile environments. Science (2007) 318:1098–1102.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Trail D, Watson EB, Tailby ND. The oxidation state of Hadean magmas and implications for early Earth’s atmosphere. Nature (2011) 480:79–82.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
de Quervain DJ-F, Fischbacher U, Treyer V, Schellhammer M, Schnyder U, Buck A, Fehr E. The neural basis of altruistic punishment. Science (2004) 305:1254–1258.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lahdenmäki T, Leach M. Relational Database Index Design and the Optimizers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2005).
An edited book
1.
Malik A, Grohmann E eds. Environmental Protection Strategies for Sustainable Development. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands (2012). XIV, 606 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Patiño A, Romero M. “Identifying Pedagogical Uses of Serious Games for Learning English as a Second Language.,” In: De Gloria A, editor. Games and Learning Alliance: Third International Conference, GALA 2014, Bucharest, Romania, July 2-4, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing (2015). p. 31–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endocrinology.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Watch A Python Swallow A Whole Deer. IFLScience (2014)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Financial Management Systems: DHS Has an Opportunity to Incorporate Best Practices in Modernization Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (2006).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Christian TM. Under the Navajo stars: The intersection of mythic narratives, archaeology, and star ceilings. [Doctoral dissertation]. Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stewart JB. In Chamber of Secrets: An Author’s Net Worth. New York Times (2016)A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392
Scope

Other styles