How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P. Chemistry: Why synthesize? Nature (2015) 528:327–329.
A journal article with 2 authors
Altshuler JS, Altshuler D. Organizational challenges in clinical genomic research. Nature (2004) 429:478–481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stuphorn V, Taylor TL, Schall JD. Performance monitoring by the supplementary eye field. Nature (2000) 408:857–860.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ryan KM, Ernst MK, Rice NR, Vousden KH. Role of NF-kappaB in p53-mediated programmed cell death. Nature (2000) 404:892–897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis R. Language Teaching Research and Language Pedagogy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (2012).
An edited book
Murphy C, Scantlebury K eds. Coteaching in International Contexts: Research and Practice. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands (2010).
A chapter in an edited book
Rebollo TC, Mármol MG, Rubino S. “Finite Element Approximation of an Unsteady Projection-Based VMS Turbulence Model with Wall Laws,” in Boundary and Interior Layers, Computational and Asymptotic Methods - BAIL 2014 Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering., ed. P. Knobloch (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 47–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Death Of A Landscape: Why Have Thousands Of Trees Dropped Dead In New South Wales? IFLScience (2015) Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Cost Control Problems Are Worsening. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (1997).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griner KF. The Effectiveness of the Integrative Career Counseling Model. (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K, Thomas L Jr. Blackstone Group Joins Forces With Saudis on U.S. Infrastructure Investments. New York Times (2017)B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

Other styles