How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. I was sued for libel under an unjust law. Nature (2012) 487:141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cullimore J, Dénarié J. Plant sciences. How legumes select their sweet talking symbionts. Science (2003) 302:575–578.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wisse BE, Kim F, Schwartz MW. Physiology. An integrative view of obesity. Science (2007) 318:928–929.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
McNeil BI, Matear RJ, Key RM, Bullister JL, Sarmiento JL. Anthropogenic CO2 uptake by the ocean based on the global chlorofluorocarbon data set. Science (2003) 299:235–239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruehli AE, Antonini G, Jiang L. Circuit Oriented Electromagnetic Modeling Using the Peec Techniques. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2017).
An edited book
Ananthakrishnan AN ed. Nutritional Management of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: A Comprehensive Guide. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing (2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Müller M, Pfahl D. “Simulation Methods,” in Guide to Advanced Empirical Software Engineering, eds. F. Shull, J. Singer, D. I. K. Sjøberg (London: Springer), 117–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endocrinology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Watch SpaceX’s Barge Landing In This Breathtaking 360 Video. IFLScience (2016) Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA Can Better Forecast and Prevent Equipment Failures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (1991).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Naqvi SZ. Around the world in 15 bites: Applied perspectives on learning about food. (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S. Mixed Signals on the Runways. New York Times (2017)D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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