How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paterlini M. Anthropology: The Iceman defrosted. Nature (2011) 471:34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bakker HJ, Nienhuys H-K. Delocalization of protons in liquid water. Science (2002) 297:587–590.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lund DC, Lynch-Stieglitz J, Curry WB. Gulf Stream density structure and transport during the past millennium. Nature (2006) 444:601–604.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Makishima M, Lu TT, Xie W, Whitfield GK, Domoto H, Evans RM, Haussler MR, Mangelsdorf DJ. Vitamin D receptor as an intestinal bile acid sensor. Science (2002) 296:1313–1316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gladon RJ, Graves WR, Kelly JM. Getting Published in the Life Sciences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2011).
An edited book
Zhang Y-J ed. Image and Graphics: 8th International Conference, ICIG 2015, Tianjin, China, August 13-16, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing (2015). XXIX, 653 p. 357 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Celikyilmaz A, Türksen IB. “Modeling Uncertainty with Improved Fuzzy Functions.,” In: Türksen IB, editor. Modeling Uncertainty with Fuzzy Logic: With Recent Theory and Applications. Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (2009). p. 149–215

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endocrinology.

Blog post
Fang J. Our Ancient Reptile-Like Relatives Hunted at Night. IFLScience (2014) [Accessed October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transit Asset Management: Additional Research on Capital Investment Effects Could Help Transit Agencies Optimize Funding. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (2013).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rawashdeh MY. A Relational Framework for Clustering and Cluster Validity and the Generalization of the Silhouette Measure. [Doctoral dissertation]. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Putin Orders “Stalingrad” On Memorial. New York Times (2004)A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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