How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yaalon, D. H. (2000). Down to earth. Nature 407, 301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Di Paolo, G., and De Camilli, P. (2006). Phosphoinositides in cell regulation and membrane dynamics. Nature 443, 651–657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Skipper, M., Weiss, U., and Gray, N. (2010). Plasticity. Nature 465, 703.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Burresi, M., van Oosten, D., Kampfrath, T., Schoenmaker, H., Heideman, R., Leinse, A., et al. (2009). Probing the magnetic field of light at optical frequencies. Science 326, 550–553.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lacalle, D., and Parrilla, D. (2015). The Energy World is Flat. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Szabó, R., Zhu, H., Imre, S., and Chaparadza, R. eds. (2011). Access Networks: 5th International ICST Conference on Access Networks, AccessNets 2010 and First ICST International Workshop on Autonomic Networking and Self-Management in Access Networks, SELFMAGICNETS 2010, Budapest, Hungary, November 3-5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Shah, S. M. A., and Morisio, M. (2013). “Complexity Metrics Significance for Defects: An Empirical View,” in Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Technology and Software Engineering: Software Engineering & Digital Media Technology Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering., eds. W. Lu, G. Cai, W. Liu, and W. Xing (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Solar Plant Achieves Supercritical Steam. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Law Enforcement Block Grant Awards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguirre, I. (2009). Policy analysis of the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008). In Court Ruling On Executions, A Factual Flaw. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yaalon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Yaalon, 2000; Di Paolo and De Camilli, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Di Paolo and De Camilli, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Burresi et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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