How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stafford, N. (2006). Angling saxons. Nature 441, 931.
A journal article with 2 authors
van der Goes van Naters, W., and Carlson, J. R. (2006). Insects as chemosensors of humans and crops. Nature 444, 302–307.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhuri, O., Parekh, S. H., and Fletcher, D. A. (2007). Reversible stress softening of actin networks. Nature 445, 295–298.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sahin, E., Colla, S., Liesa, M., Moslehi, J., Müller, F. L., Guo, M., et al. (2011). Telomere dysfunction induces metabolic and mitochondrial compromise. Nature 470, 359–365.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saccone, C., and Pesole, G. (2005). Handbook of Comparative Genomics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chen, D. (2016). Growth and Characterization of Bulk Superconductor Material. , eds. C. Lin, A. Maljuk, and F. Zhou Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Moraes, I., and Casas-Mollano, J. A. (2014). “Histone H3 Phosphorylation in Plants and Other Organisms,” in Epigenetics in Plants of Agronomic Importance: Fundamentals and Applications: Transcriptional Regulation and Chromatin Remodelling in Plants, eds. C. De la Peña and J. A. Casas-Mollano (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 47–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). What Is Interplanetary Dust And Can It Spread The Ingredients Of Life? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Information Technology: An Audit Guide For Assessing Acquisition Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yelkenci, S. (2017). Algorithmic Music Composition Using Linear Algebra.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017). How a TV Critic Manages a Franchise. New York Times, A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stafford, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Stafford, 2006; van der Goes van Naters and Carlson, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van der Goes van Naters and Carlson, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Sahin et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

Other styles