How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hynes, R. O. (2003). Structural biology. Changing partners. Science 300, 755–756.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guarente, L., and Kenyon, C. (2000). Genetic pathways that regulate ageing in model organisms. Nature 408, 255–262.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barnham, K. W., Nelson, J., and Stevens, R. A. (2000). Did civil reactors supply plutonium for weapons? Nature 407, 833–834.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Westphal, V., Rizzoli, S. O., Lauterbach, M. A., Kamin, D., Jahn, R., and Hell, S. W. (2008). Video-rate far-field optical nanoscopy dissects synaptic vesicle movement. Science 320, 246–249.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morana, J. (2013). Sustainable Supply Chain Management. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Prins, H. H. T., and Langevelde, F. V. eds. (2008). Resource Ecology: Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Foraging. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hafner, J. E. (2011). “Hermann Grassmann’s theory of religion and faith,” in From Past to Future: Graßmann’s Work in Context: Graßmann Bicentennial Conference, September 2009, eds. H.-J. Petsche, A. C. Lewis, J. Liesen, and S. Russ (Basel: Springer), 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). Roman Empire May Have Extended Further West In Britain Than Previously Thought. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Impacts of Education Reform. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeLutis-Eichenberger, A. N. (2010). El proceso semiótico de un héroe decimonónico: Un estudio en torno a los “textos-tumbas” de Andrés Bello.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016). Five Americans Listed for Man Booker Prize. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hynes, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Guarente and Kenyon, 2000; Hynes, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guarente and Kenyon, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Westphal et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuromuscular Diseases
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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