How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hartzell, H. C. (2007). Cell biology. The stress of relaxation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5843), 1331–1332.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, L. E., & Bargh, J. A. (2008). Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5901), 606–607.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson, D. G., Burdick, J. A., & Langer, R. (2004). Materials science. Smart biomaterials. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5692), 1923–1924.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Huang, Y., Hu, L., Zhang, T., Zhong, H., Zhou, J., Liu, Z., Wang, H., Guo, Z., & Chen, Q. (2013). Mn₃[Co(CN)₆]₂@SiO₂ core-shell nanocubes: novel bimodal contrast agents for MRI and optical imaging. Scientific Reports, 3, 2647.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bromfield, R. (2010). Doing Therapy with Children and Adolescents with Asperger Syndrome. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Decker, H., Lhotská, L., Link, S., Spies, M., & Wagner, R. R. (Eds.). (2014). Database and Expert Systems Applications: 25th International Conference, DEXA 2014, Munich, Germany, September 1-4, 2014. Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 8645). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, J.-B., Sells, P., & Yang, J. (2006). A Computational Implementation of Internally Headed Relative Clause Constructions. In T. Salakoski, F. Ginter, S. Pyysalo, & T. Pahikkala (Eds.), Advances in Natural Language Processing: 5th International Conference on NLP, FinTAL 2006 Turku, Finland, August 23-25, 2006 Proceedings (pp. 24–31). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, March 2). For The First Time We Have Measured The Temperature Fluctuations Around A Black Hole. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Office of Education’s Basic Grant Program Can Be Improved (HRD-77-91). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsai, C.-N. (2012). A simulation study of hierarchical wireless sensor networks [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008, September 28). Cortlandt to Offer Plan To Lower Fuel Oil Costs. New York Times, WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hartzell, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hartzell, 2007; Williams & Bargh, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams & Bargh, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Anderson et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Huang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
ISSN (print)0097-7403
ISSN (online)1939-2184

Other styles