How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Denrell, J. (2008). Sociology. Indirect social influence. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5885), 47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
An, S. J., & Almers, W. (2004). Tracking SNARE complex formation in live endocrine cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5698), 1042–1046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robertson, W. H., Diken, E. G., & Johnson, M. A. (2003). Chemistry. Snapshots of water at work. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5631), 320–321.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, H.-H., Chang, C.-C., Shieh, M.-J., Wang, J.-P., Chen, Y.-T., Young, T.-H., & Hung, S.-C. (2013). Hypoxia enhances chondrogenesis and prevents terminal differentiation through PI3K/Akt/FoxO dependent anti-apoptotic effect. Scientific Reports, 3, 2683.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer, A., & Legeard, B. (2016). Model-Based Testing Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Michailov, M. (Ed.). (2011). Nanophenomena at Surfaces: Fundamentals of Exotic Condensed Matter Properties (Vol. 47). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wimmer, R., Jansen, N., Vorpahl, A., Ábrahám, E., Katoen, J.-P., & Becker, B. (2013). High-Level Counterexamples for Probabilistic Automata. In K. Joshi, M. Siegle, M. Stoelinga, & P. R. D’Argenio (Eds.), Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 10th International Conference, QEST 2013, Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 27-30, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 39–54). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, July 22). Study Links Alcohol To Seven Types Of Cancer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2005 Expenditure Plan (GAO-05-774). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon, C. A. (2017). Comparison of language arts scores between computerized and teacher differentiation of instruction [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mills, S. G. (1927, December 25). The Child Again. New York Times, DRAMA-MUSIC FASHION-SCREENX4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Denrell, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (An & Almers, 2004; Denrell, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (An & Almers, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Robertson et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lee et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
ISSN (print)0097-7403
ISSN (online)1939-2184

Other styles