How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Plenio, M. B. (2009). Physics. Less is more. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5925), 342–343.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wallenfang, M. R., & Matunis, E. (2003). Developmental biology. Orienting stem cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5639), 1490–1491.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sigman, D. M., Jaccard, S. L., & Haug, G. H. (2004). Polar ocean stratification in a cold climate. Nature, 428(6978), 59–63.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ma, C., Liu, M., Chen, C., Lin, Y., Li, Y., Horwitz, J. S., Jiang, J., Meletis, E. I., & Zhang, Q. (2013). The origin of local strain in highly epitaxial oxide thin films. Scientific Reports, 3, 3092.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dubin, D. (2005). Numerical and Analytical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Using Mathematica. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ram, A. R. (2012). Video Analysis and Repackaging for Distance Education (S. Chaudhuri, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lewis, M. A., Petrovskii, S. V., & Potts, J. R. (2016). Invasion in a Multispecies System. In S. V. Petrovskii & J. R. Potts (Eds.), The Mathematics Behind Biological Invasions (pp. 107–154). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 10). Epilepsy: Sorting The Myths From The Facts Of A Common Disorder. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). ADP Acquisitions: Immigration and Naturalization Service Should Terminate Its Contract and Recompete (IMTEC-86-5). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Battaglia, M. (2015). Presenting a pluralized past: Assessing the efficacy of multivocal, bison-themed lesson units as a public education and outreach strategy for archaeology [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson, J. (2017, August 25). University Presses. New York Times, BR35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Plenio, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Plenio, 2009; Wallenfang & Matunis, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wallenfang & Matunis, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Sigman et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ma et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
ISSN (print)0097-7403
ISSN (online)1939-2184

Other styles