How to format your references using the Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilczek F. Physics: The enigmatic electron. Nature 2013;498:31–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deschenes LA, Vanden Bout DA. Single-molecule studies of heterogeneous dynamics in polymer melts near the glass transition. Science 2001;292:255–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng F, Li X, Duan Y. Chip-based ingroove microplasma with orthogonal signal collection: new approach for carbon-containing species detection through open air reaction for performance enhancement. Sci Rep 2014;4:4803.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rietkerk M, Dekker SC, de Ruiter PC, et al. Self-organized patchiness and catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Science 2004;305:1926–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheldrake P. The Spiritual City. Oxford, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2014.
An edited book
Njoku EG, editor. Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing. New York, NY: : Springer 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Nadi M. Dielectric Characterization of Biological Tissues: Constraints Related to Ex Vivo Measurements. In: Mukhopadhyay SC, Huang RYM, eds. Sensors: Advancements in Modeling, Design Issues, Fabrication and Practical Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2008. 75–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care.

Blog post
Andrew E. Cave Engraving May Be First Example Of Neanderthal Artwork. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Charter Schools: To Enhance Education’s Monitoring and Research, More Charter School-Level Data Are Needed. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hilton LC. Case study on organic farming as a sustainable solution for African-American farmers. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Behind the Scenes; Though Advisers Differ, Clinton’s in Tune With All. New York Times. 1992;:11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Plann. Reprod. Health Care
ISSN (print)1471-1893
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles