How to format your references using the Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
John S. Photonics: Light control at will. Nature. 2009;460:337.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jin J, MacMillan DWC. Alcohols as alkylating agents in heteroarene C-H functionalization. Nature. 2015;525:87–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmittner A, Yoshimori M, Weaver AJ. Instability of glacial climate in a model of the ocean- atmosphere-cryosphere system. Science. 2002;295:1489–93.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Herbig U, Ferreira M, Condel L, et al. Cellular senescence in aging primates. Science. 2006;311:1257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vettese F. The Essential Retirement Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc 2015.
An edited book
Nieder R. Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Shah J. Herbal Treatments for Erectile Dysfunction. In: Ramawat KG, ed. Herbal Drugs: Ethnomedicine to Modern Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2009:67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care.

Blog post
Davis J. How One Type Of Honey Bee Manages To Go It Alone Without Males. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Status of Wide Area Augmentation System Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans AM. Long-Term Sustainability of Surgical Operational Improvements Post Consultancy: A Multiple Case Study Analysis. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess B. Corzine Tries a Wall Street Comeback. New York Times. 2017;BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Plann. Reprod. Health Care
ISSN (print)1471-1893
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles