How to format your references using the Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turner MS. The dark clouds over US astronomy. Nature 2011;476:127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Federman SR, Young ED. Comment on ‘Experimental test of self-shielding in vacuum ultraviolet photodissociation of CO’. Science 2009;324:1516; author reply 1516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kartal B, Kuenen JG, van Loosdrecht MCM. Engineering. Sewage treatment with anammox. Science 2010;328:702–3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ahanger SH, Günther K, Weth O, et al. Ectopically tethered CP190 induces large-scale chromatin decondensation. Sci Rep 2014;4:3917.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith RE, Carraher E, DeLisle P. Leading Collaborative Architectural Practice. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2017.
An edited book
Nguyen HHP, Cenci MA, editors. Behavioral Neurobiology of Huntington’s Disease and Parkinson’s Disease. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hudson WM, Pagliassotti MJ. Oxidative Stress and the Unfolded Protein Response in the Liver. In: Albano E, Parola M, eds. Studies on Hepatic Disorders. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2015. 113–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Does Your First Name Dictate What You Look Like? IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Inland Waterways Fuel Tax: Additional Data Could Enhance IRS’s Efforts to Ensure Taxpayer Compliance. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nakano AM. Community college swirlers and the transfer function. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blinder A. Dead Children, a Crumpled Bus and a Dazed City. New York Times. 2016;:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Plann. Reprod. Health Care
ISSN (print)1471-1893
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles