How to format your references using the Social Network Analysis and Mining citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Network Analysis and Mining. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joyce GF (2007) Obituary: Leslie Orgel (1927-2007). Nature 450:627
A journal article with 2 authors
Koentges G, Matsuoka T (2002) Evolution. Jaws of the fates. Science 298:371–373
A journal article with 3 authors
Husale S, Persson HHJ, Sahin O (2009) DNA nanomechanics allows direct digital detection of complementary DNA and microRNA targets. Nature 462:1075–1078
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Huang J, Perez-Burgos L, Placek BJ, et al (2006) Repression of p53 activity by Smyd2-mediated methylation. Nature 444:629–632

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tsui JB-Y (2004) Fundamentals of Global Positioning System Receivers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ben-Zvi D, Makar K (eds) (2016) The Teaching and Learning of Statistics: International Perspectives, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Schmidt R (2010) Perspectives for Moving Business Processes into the Cloud. In: Bider I, Halpin T, Krogstie J, et al. (eds) Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 11th International Workshop, BPMDS 2010, and 15th International Conference, EMMSAD 2010, held at CAiSE 2010, Hammamet, Tunisia, June 7-8, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 49–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Network Analysis and Mining.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) Hundreds of Nuclear Test Clips Have Been Declassified, And The Footage Is Both Awe-Inspiring And Terrifying. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Administration of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 in the Michigan and Ohio State Departments of Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams RN (2017) Inclusive Classrooms: A Basic Qualitative Study of K-8 Urban Charter School Teachers. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2016) Momentum for Tax Reform, Thanks to Trump’s Tactics. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joyce 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Koentges and Matsuoka 2002; Joyce 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koentges and Matsuoka 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Network Analysis and Mining
AbbreviationSoc. Netw. Anal. Min.
ISSN (print)1869-5450
ISSN (online)1869-5469
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems
Media Technology

Other styles