How to format your references using the Social Network Analysis and Mining citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Network Analysis and Mining. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski D (2002) Radar array tests the atmosphere at pole position. Nature 420:594
A journal article with 2 authors
Brent R, Bruck J (2006) 2020 computing: can computers help to explain biology? Nature 440:416–417
A journal article with 3 authors
Shahabi A, Wang H, Upmanyu M (2014) Shaping van der Waals nanoribbons via torsional constraints: scrolls, folds and supercoils. Sci Rep 4:7004
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Süel GM, Kulkarni RP, Dworkin J, et al (2007) Tunability and noise dependence in differentiation dynamics. Science 315:1716–1719

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Braudeau E, Assi AT, Mohtar RH (2016) Hydrostructural Pedology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Esser K, Löttge U, Beyschlag W, Murata J (eds) (2007) Progress in Botany. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ugurlu T, Zeitler A, Kheyrollahi A (2013) HttpClient. In: Zeitler A, Kheyrollahi A (eds) Pro ASP.NET Web API: HTTP Web Services in ASP.NET. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 75–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Network Analysis and Mining.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Unexpected Indonesian Volcanic Eruption Triggers Mass Evacuation. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Aviation Safety: FAA Has Begun Efforts to Make Data More Publicly Available. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berezin S (2009) Catechols as membrane anion transporters. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2005) A Rock Club Closes After a Four-Year Run. New York Times 14LI9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2002; Brent and Bruck 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brent and Bruck 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Süel et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Network Analysis and Mining
AbbreviationSoc. Netw. Anal. Min.
ISSN (print)1869-5450
ISSN (online)1869-5469
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems
Media Technology

Other styles