How to format your references using the Social Network Analysis and Mining citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Network Analysis and Mining. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Motani R (2002) Scaling effects in caudal fin propulsion and the speed of ichthyosaurs. Nature 415:309–312
A journal article with 2 authors
Skotheim JM, Mahadevan L (2005) Physical limits and design principles for plant and fungal movements. Science 308:1308–1310
A journal article with 3 authors
Melton C, Judson RL, Blelloch R (2010) Opposing microRNA families regulate self-renewal in mouse embryonic stem cells. Nature 463:621–626
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Matsuura K, Vargo EL, Kawatsu K, et al (2009) Queen succession through asexual reproduction in termites. Science 323:1687

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunker G, Thomson D (2006) Delivering Utility Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Palma JMLM, Lopes AS (eds) (2007) Advances in Turbulence XI: Proceedings of the 11th EUROMECH European Turbulance Conference, June 25-28, 2007 Porto, Portugal. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kwasnicka H, Szpunar-Huk E (2006) Genetic Programming in Data Modelling. In: Nedjah N, Mourelle L de M, Abraham A (eds) Genetic Systems Programming: Theory and Experiences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 105–130

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Network Analysis and Mining.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Scientists To Trial Personalized Vaccine Against One Type Of Cancer. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) New Denver Airport: Impact of the Delayed Baggage System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ahmed S (2013) Human fatigue in prolonged mentally demanding work-tasks: An observational study in the field. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2016) A Festival to Re-energize Your Inner Self. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Motani 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Motani 2002; Skotheim and Mahadevan 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Skotheim and Mahadevan 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsuura et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Network Analysis and Mining
AbbreviationSoc. Netw. Anal. Min.
ISSN (print)1869-5450
ISSN (online)1869-5469
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems
Media Technology

Other styles