How to format your references using the Social Network Analysis and Mining citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Network Analysis and Mining. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P (2011) Crisis response: The new history. Nature 480:447–448
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor WR, Lin K (2003) Protein knots: A tangled problem. Nature 421:25
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai T, Pollard DD, Gao H (2000) Explanation for fracture spacing in layered materials. Nature 403:753–756
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bussey DBJ, Fristad KE, Schenk PM, et al (2005) Planetary science: constant illumination at the lunar north pole. Nature 434:842

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon J (2009) Training Camp. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Naylor PA, Gaubitch ND (eds) (2010) Speech Dereverberation. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Jansson D, Medvedev A, Axelson H, Nyholm D (2015) Stochastic Anomaly Detection in Eye-Tracking Data for Quantification of Motor Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease. In: Sun C, Bednarz T, Pham TD, et al. (eds) Signal and Image Analysis for Biomedical and Life Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Network Analysis and Mining.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Galapagos Island Hosts First Baby Tortoises In A Century. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Responses to Questions for the Record; Hearing on the Future of Air Traffic Control Modernization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monforton C (2008) Evaluation of the impact of a mandatory safety training regulation on occupational injury and fatality rates among U.S. stone, sand and gravel miners. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L (2012) Adjusting a Waistline for a Wedding, but at What Cost? New York Times ST19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Taylor and Lin 2003; Ball 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Lin 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bussey et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Network Analysis and Mining
AbbreviationSoc. Netw. Anal. Min.
ISSN (print)1869-5450
ISSN (online)1869-5469
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems
Media Technology

Other styles