How to format your references using the Social Network Analysis and Mining citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Network Analysis and Mining. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roos DS (2005) Genetics. Themes and variations in apicomplexan parasite biology. Science 309:72–73
A journal article with 2 authors
Murray F, Stern S (2015) ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Linking and leveraging. Science 348:1203
A journal article with 3 authors
Kobayashi T, Saito T, Ohtani H (2001) Real-time spectroscopy of transition states in bacteriorhodopsin during retinal isomerization. Nature 414:531–534
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gros J, Feistel K, Viebahn C, et al (2009) Cell movements at Hensen’s node establish left/right asymmetric gene expression in the chick. Science 324:941–944

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cortada JW (2014) The Essential Manager. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Singh OV, Harvey SP (eds) (2010) Sustainable Biotechnology: Sources of Renewable Energy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Chnafa C, Mendez S, Moreno R, Nicoud F (2015) Using Image-based CFD to Investigate the Intracardiac Turbulence. In: Quarteroni A (ed) Modeling the Heart and the Circulatory System. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 97–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Network Analysis and Mining.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Scientists Map Out The Awkwardness Of Physical Contact With Others. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Information Technology: HHS Has Several Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but Needs to Address Key Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dawood AA (2010) Relationship between mental health and treatment seeking in an urban Muslim community. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) In Tight Battle, Jets Look Like the Geniuses. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roos 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Roos 2005; Murray and Stern 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murray and Stern 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gros et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Network Analysis and Mining
AbbreviationSoc. Netw. Anal. Min.
ISSN (print)1869-5450
ISSN (online)1869-5469
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction
Information Systems
Media Technology

Other styles