How to format your references using the Journal of Family and Economic Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family and Economic Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Couzin, J. (2009). Social science. Friendship as a health factor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5913), 454–457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Henzler-Wildman, K., & Kern, D. (2007). Dynamic personalities of proteins. Nature, 450(7172), 964–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gray-Schopfer, V., Wellbrock, C., & Marais, R. (2007). Melanoma biology and new targeted therapy. Nature, 445(7130), 851–857.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jackson, D. G., Wang, J., Keane, R. W., Scemes, E., & Dahl, G. (2014). ATP and potassium ions: a deadly combination for astrocytes. Scientific reports, 4, 4576.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paul, S. (2010). Digital Video Distribution in Broadband, Television, Mobile and Converged Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Andrade-Cetto, J. (2006). Environment Learning for Indoor Mobile Robots: A Stochastic State Estimation Approach to Simultaneous Localization and Map Building. (A. Sanfeliu, Ed.) (Vol. 23). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ducros, A. (2015). Cohomological Finiteness of Proper Morphisms in Algebraic Geometry: A Purely Transcendental Proof, Without Projective Tools. In A. Ducros, C. Favre, & J. Nicaise (Eds.), Berkovich Spaces and Applications (pp. 135–140). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family and Economic Issues.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 16). Fantastic Beasts And Where To Find Them: A History Of Monsters, From Werewolves To Hippogriffs. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Federal Patent Policy (No. T-RCED-87-26). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bustos, I. (2017). Backpacking Through My Suburban Barrio: Eco-Latina Diaries (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S. (2013, October 3). Car Chase, White House To Capitol, Has Fatal End. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Couzin 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Couzin 2009; Henzler-Wildman and Kern 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Henzler-Wildman and Kern 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Jackson et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family and Economic Issues
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Econ. Issues
ISSN (print)1058-0476
ISSN (online)1573-3475
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Social Psychology
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance
General Social Sciences

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