How to format your references using the Journal of Family and Economic Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family and Economic Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. (2005). The staff dreams are made of. Nature, 435(7039), 242–243.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drenkard, E., & Ausubel, F. M. (2002). Pseudomonas biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance are linked to phenotypic variation. Nature, 416(6882), 740–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirichok, Y., Navarro, B., & Clapham, D. E. (2006). Whole-cell patch-clamp measurements of spermatozoa reveal an alkaline-activated Ca2+ channel. Nature, 439(7077), 737–740.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Christian, K. M., Poulos, A. M., Lavond, D. G., & Thompson, R. F. (2004). Comment on “Cerebellar LTD and learning-dependent timing of conditioned eyelid responses.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5668), 211; author reply 211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peterson, R. L. (2016). Trading on Sentiment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chattopadhyay, A. (2009). Language-driven Exploration and Implementation of Partially Re-configurable ASIPs. (R. Leupers, H. Meyr, & G. Ascheid, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Caporuscio, M., D’Angelo, M., Grassi, V., & Mirandola, R. (2016). Reinforcement Learning Techniques for Decentralized Self-adaptive Service Assembly. In M. Aiello, E. B. Johnsen, S. Dustdar, & I. Georgievski (Eds.), Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: 5th IFIP WG 2.14 European Conference, ESOCC 2016, Vienna, Austria, September 5-7, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 53–68). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family and Economic Issues.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, May 17). Google Is Celebrating The Antikythera Mechanism’s Discovery – But What The Hell Is It? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). National Airspace System: Reauthorizing FAA Provides Opportunities and Options to Address Challenges (No. GAO-03-473T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevenson, C. L. (2008). Availability and seasonal use of diurnal roosts by Rafinesque’s big-eared bat and southeastern myotis in bottomland hardwoods of Mississippi (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., Ivory, D., & Eder, S. (2017, September 10). In Age of Trump, Hard Right Turn On Social Issues. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Drenkard and Ausubel 2002; Powell 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Drenkard and Ausubel 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Christian et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family and Economic Issues
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Econ. Issues
ISSN (print)1058-0476
ISSN (online)1573-3475
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Social Psychology
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance
General Social Sciences

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