How to format your references using the Journal of Family and Economic Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family and Economic Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kuypers, M. M. M. (2007). Microbiology. Sizing up the uncultivated majority. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5844), 1510–1511.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tessier, P. M., & Lindquist, S. (2007). Prion recognition elements govern nucleation, strain specificity and species barriers. Nature, 447(7144), 556–561.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsuchida, T., Koga, R., & Fukatsu, T. (2004). Host plant specialization governed by facultative symbiont. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1989.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hu, J., Dziumbla, S., Lin, J., Bibli, S.-I., Zukunft, S., de Mos, J., et al. (2017). Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase prevents diabetic retinopathy. Nature, 552(7684), 248–252.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadati, N., Dumont, G. A., Hamed, K. A., & Gruver, W. A. (2012). Hybrid Control and Motion Planning of Dynamical Legged Locomotion. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Erstad, O., Kumpulainen, K., Mäkitalo, Å., Schrøder, K. C., Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, P., & Jóhannsdóttir, T. (Eds.). (2016). Learning across Contexts in the Knowledge Society. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Jungck, P., Duncan, R., & Mulcahy, D. (2011). Variables: Identifiers, Basic Scalar Data Types, and Literals. In R. Duncan & D. Mulcahy (Eds.), packetC Programming (pp. 53–62). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family and Economic Issues.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 16). Professor Brian Cox Brought A Graph To Take On A Climate Change Denying Politician On Live TV. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Relocation of Space Shuttle Major Modification Work (No. GAO-03-294R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armani, M. D. (2010). Nucleic acid extraction and detection across two-dimensional tissue samples (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Valen, K. (2007, December 2). My Sorority Pledge? I Swore Off Sisterhood. New York Times, p. 96.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kuypers 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kuypers 2007; Tessier and Lindquist 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tessier and Lindquist 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family and Economic Issues
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Econ. Issues
ISSN (print)1058-0476
ISSN (online)1573-3475
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Social Psychology
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance
General Social Sciences

Other styles