How to format your references using the Journal of Family and Economic Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family and Economic Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feinberg, A. P. (2007). Phenotypic plasticity and the epigenetics of human disease. Nature, 447(7143), 433–440.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alkhatib, A., & Nayfeh, A. (2013). A complete physical germanium-on-silicon quantum dot self-assembly process. Scientific reports, 3, 2099.
A journal article with 3 authors
Unal, E., Kinde, B., & Amon, A. (2011). Gametogenesis eliminates age-induced cellular damage and resets life span in yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6037), 1554–1557.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Najiminaini, M., Vasefi, F., Kaminska, B., & Carson, J. J. L. (2013). Nanohole-array-based device for 2D snapshot multispectral imaging. Scientific reports, 3, 2589.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M. R., Hossain, M. E., Moussavizadegan, S. H., Mustafiz, S., & Abou&xKassem, J. H. (2016). Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mohs, W. F. (2015). Heat and Mass Transfer in the Melting of Frost. (F. A. Kulacki, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bignami, G. F., & Sommariva, A. (2013). Interstellar Exploration Technologies. In A. Sommariva (Ed.), A Scenario for Interstellar Exploration and Its Financing (pp. 41–60). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family and Economic Issues.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 17). SpaceX Just Asked Permission To Launch 4,425 Satellites — More Than Currently Orbit Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Satellite Control Capabilities: National Policy Could Help Consolidation and Cost Savings (No. NSIAD-96-77). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bain Butler, D. (2010). How L2 legal writers use strategies for scholarly writing: A mixed methods study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, September 30). Wrist Management. New York Times, p. E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feinberg 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Alkhatib and Nayfeh 2013; Feinberg 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alkhatib and Nayfeh 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Najiminaini et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family and Economic Issues
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Econ. Issues
ISSN (print)1058-0476
ISSN (online)1573-3475
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Social Psychology
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance
General Social Sciences

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