How to format your references using the Journal of Family and Economic Issues citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Family and Economic Issues. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zars, T. (2012). Physiology. She said no, pass me a beer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6074), 1309–1310.
A journal article with 2 authors
Halfmann, R., & Lindquist, S. (2010). Epigenetics in the extreme: prions and the inheritance of environmentally acquired traits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6004), 629–632.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerstein, M., Lan, N., & Jansen, R. (2002). Proteomics. Integrating interactomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5553), 284–287.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yan, S., Wu, Y.-T., Zhang, B., Yue, X.-F., & Liu, K. (2007). Do vibrational excitations of CHD3 preferentially promote reactivity toward the chlorine atom? Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5832), 1723–1726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woods, L. C. (2005). Theory of Tokamak Transport. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Catalano, C., & Passariello, R. (Eds.). (2005). Multidetector-Row CT Angiography. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiménez-Hoyuela García, J. M., Lozano, S. O., Torres, D. M. del V., Cardo, A. G., & Moreno, E. R. (2010). Nuclear Cardiology. In R. Ribes, P. Kuschnir, A. Luna, J. C. Vilanova, & J. M. Jimenez-Hoyuela (Eds.), Learning Cardiac Imaging (pp. 127–151). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Family and Economic Issues.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, April 15). The Earth Hums - And Now We Know Why. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Federal Rulemaking: Agencies’ Use of Information Technology to Facilitate Public Participation (No. GGD-00-135R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fertig, B. M. (2010). Stable nitrogen isotopes (delta-nitrogen-15) in the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) as an indicator of nitrogen source (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Savage, C., & Sullivan, E. (2017, August 4). Sessions Widens Official Inquiry On Media Leaks. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zars 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Halfmann and Lindquist 2010; Zars 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Halfmann and Lindquist 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Family and Economic Issues
AbbreviationJ. Fam. Econ. Issues
ISSN (print)1058-0476
ISSN (online)1573-3475
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Social Psychology
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance
General Social Sciences

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