How to format your references using the Clinical Proteomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Proteomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Crutzen PJ. Anthropocene man. Nature. 2010;467:S10.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tanaka T, Washimi H. Formation of the three-ring structure around supernova 1987A. Science. 2002;296:321–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Karakas E, Simorowski N, Furukawa H. Subunit arrangement and phenylethanolamine binding in GluN1/GluN2B NMDA receptors. Nature. 2011;475:249–53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Asmerom Y, Cheng H, Thomas R, Hirschmann M, Edwards RL. Melting of the Earth’s lithospheric mantle inferred from protactinium-thorium-uranium isotopic data. Nature. 2000;406:293–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bersuker IB. Electronic Structure and Properties of Transition Metal Compounds. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Valavanis KP, Beard R, Oh P, Ollero A, Piegl LA, Shim H, editors. Selected papers from the 2nd International Symposium on UAVs, Reno, Nevada, U.S.A. June 8–10, 2009. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Carless MA, Griffiths LR. Cytogenetics of Primary Skin Tumors. In: Murphy MJ, editor. Molecular Diagnostics in Dermatology and Dermatopathology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011. p. 57–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Proteomics.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Hyperloop Company Reveals Magnetic Levitation Tech That Will Reach Speeds Of 760mph [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/hyperloop-company-reveals-its-innovative-magnetic-levitation-will-reach-speed-760mph/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Annual Index: Reports Issued in FY 1988. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Nov. Report No.: 137743.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Seefried VI. Timely and accurate decision-making during U.S. public health emergencies: Incremental Dynamic Decision-making (IDD) for public health emergency response [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. The Dreaded Call. A Hole in the Art. Now It’s Settled. New York Times. 2002 Dec 19;E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Proteomics
AbbreviationClin. Proteomics
ISSN (print)1542-6416
ISSN (online)1559-0275
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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