How to format your references using the Clinical Proteomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Proteomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Boyd RW. Physics. Let quantum mechanics improve your images. Science. 2008;321:501–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gorkin DU, Ren B. Genetics: Closing the distance on obesity culprits. Nature. 2014;507:309–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Richardson DS, Komdeur J, Burke T. Avian behaviour: Altruism and infidelity among warblers. Nature. 2003;422:580.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Day JJ, Upchurch P, Norman DB, Gale AS, Powell HP. Sauropod trackways, evolution, and behavior. Science. 2002;296:1659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pashley RM, Karaman ME. Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Sadowski T, Trovalusci P, editors. Multiscale Modeling of Complex Materials: Phenomenological, Theoretical and Computational Aspects. 1st ed. Vienna: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Aral A, Gupta V, Agarwal RP. q-Summation–Integral Operators. In: Gupta V, Agarwal RP, editors. Applications of q-Calculus in Operator Theory. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 145–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Proteomics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Hubble Captures Breathtaking New View Of Iconic Pillars Of Creation [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/hubble-captures-breathtaking-new-view-iconic-pillars-creation/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. USDA Systems Modernization: Management and Oversight Improvements Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Jul. Report No.: GAO-11-586.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. George KG. Revisiting “The Blue Line Blues”: Transit-Oriented Development in Inner-City Areas of Los Angeles County, 2000-2016 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Hartman S. The Pie Maker’s Tale. New York Times. 2016 May 7;MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Proteomics
AbbreviationClin. Proteomics
ISSN (print)1542-6416
ISSN (online)1559-0275
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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