How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MacDonald, H.R., 2002. Immunology. T before NK. Science 296, 481–482.
A journal article with 2 authors
Plug, L.J., Werner, B.T., 2002. Nonlinear dynamics of ice-wedge networks and resulting sensitivity to severe cooling events. Nature 417, 929–933.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weeks, S.J., Currie, B., Bakun, A., 2002. Massive emissions of toxic gas in the Atlantic. Nature 415, 493–494.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, Q., Rand, T.A., Kalidas, S., Du, F., Kim, H.-E., Smith, D.P., Wang, X., 2003. R2D2, a bridge between the initiation and effector steps of the Drosophila RNAi pathway. Science 301, 1921–1925.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krishnan, V., 2006. Probability and Random Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yuizono, T., Zurita, G., Baloian, N., Inoue, T., Ogata, H. (Eds.), 2014. Collaboration Technologies and Social Computing: 7th International Conference, CollabTech 2014, Santiago, Chile, September 8-10, 2014. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hudson, M.J., Kim, R.G., Goldberg, E., 2016. The Endoscopic Management of Biliary and Pancreatic Injury, in: Adler, D.G. (Ed.), Advanced Pancreaticobiliary Endoscopy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 67–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Australian Radio Telescope Begins Hunt For Intelligent Alien Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Feasibility of Requiring Financial Assurances for the Recall or Destruction of Unsafe Consumer Products (No. GAO-09-512R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Le, J.T., 2013. Support group for women who experience perinatal loss: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Underdog’s Feat Is Inspiration for Cricket’s Dreamers. New York Times SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (MacDonald, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (MacDonald, 2002; Plug and Werner, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Plug and Werner, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Mar. Bio. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0022-0981
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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