How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tylianakis, J.M., 2009. Ecology. Warming up food webs. Science 323, 1300–1301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Debenedetti, P.G., Stillinger, F.H., 2001. Supercooled liquids and the glass transition. Nature 410, 259–267.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gu, C., Jan, Y.N., Jan, L.Y., 2003. A conserved domain in axonal targeting of Kv1 (Shaker) voltage-gated potassium channels. Science 301, 646–649.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Elvin, C.M., Carr, A.G., Huson, M.G., Maxwell, J.M., Pearson, R.D., Vuocolo, T., Liyou, N.E., Wong, D.C.C., Merritt, D.J., Dixon, N.E., 2005. Synthesis and properties of crosslinked recombinant pro-resilin. Nature 437, 999–1002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sofronas, A., 2012. Case Histories in Vibration Analysis and Metal Fatigue for the Practicing Engineer. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Peer, S., Bodner, G. (Eds.), 2008. High-Resolution Sonography of the Peripheral Nervous System, 2nd Revised Edition. ed, Medical Radiology, Diagnostic Imaging. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bartl, R., Frisch, B., 2009. Subgroups of Osteoporosis, in: Frisch, B. (Ed.), Osteoporosis: Diagnosis, Prevention, Therapy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Physicists Develop Reversible Laser Tractor Beam Functional Over Long Distances [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/physics/physicists-develop-reversible-laser-tractor-beam-functional-over-long-distances/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Telecommunications: Overview of the Cramming Problem (No. T-RCED-00-28). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mohajer, R., 2012. A transcendental approach to John Coltrane: applying concepts of spirituality to Giant Steps into the Cosmos (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. Big Ideas and Short-Term Stays. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tylianakis, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Debenedetti and Stillinger, 2001; Tylianakis, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Debenedetti and Stillinger, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Elvin et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Mar. Bio. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0022-0981
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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