How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dangl, J.L., 2007. Plant science. Nibbling at the plant cell nucleus. Science 315, 1088–1089.
A journal article with 2 authors
van’t Veer, L.J., Bernards, R., 2008. Enabling personalized cancer medicine through analysis of gene-expression patterns. Nature 452, 564–570.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, W., Shimada, S., Tanaka, M., 2002. Synthesis and structure of formally hexavalent palladium complexes. Science 295, 308–310.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kang, Y., Kuybeda, O., de Waal, P.W., Mukherjee, S., Van Eps, N., Dutka, P., Zhou, X.E., Bartesaghi, A., Erramilli, S., Morizumi, T., Gu, X., Yin, Y., Liu, P., Jiang, Y., Meng, X., Zhao, G., Melcher, K., Ernst, O.P., Kossiakoff, A.A., Subramaniam, S., Xu, H.E., 2018. Cryo-EM structure of human rhodopsin bound to an inhibitory G protein. Nature 558, 553–558.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, B.-C., 2008. Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Applications in Radar Image Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Whitacre, D.M. (Ed.), 2014. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Volume 227, Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Continuation of Residue Reviews. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Clerbout, N., Rahman, S., 2015. The Dialogical Take on the Axiom of Choice, and Its Translation into CTT, in: Rahman, S. (Ed.), Linking Game-Theoretical Approaches with Constructive Type Theory: Dialogical Strategies, CTT Demonstrations and the Axiom of Choice, SpringerBriefs in Philosophy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. Your Cringing Response To Nails On A Blackboard Now Has A Name [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Developing State Automated Information Systems To Support Federal Assistance Programs: Problems and Opportunities (No. FGMSD-78-31). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McMiller, B., 2010. Policy analysis on the Adoption and Safe Family Act of 1997 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weiser, B., 2014. Mixed Motives Seen in Prosecutor’s Decision to Release Grand Jury Materials. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dangl, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Dangl, 2007; van’t Veer and Bernards, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van’t Veer and Bernards, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Mar. Bio. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0022-0981
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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