How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2002. A youthful field. Nature 419, 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Akiyama, B.M., Stone, M.D., 2013. Structural biology: a solution to the telomerase puzzle. Nature 496, 177–178.
A journal article with 3 authors
Howarth, R.W., Ingraffea, A., Engelder, T., 2011. Natural gas: Should fracking stop? Nature 477, 271–275.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barabé, F., Kennedy, J.A., Hope, K.J., Dick, J.E., 2007. Modeling the initiation and progression of human acute leukemia in mice. Science 316, 600–604.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Volpe, M.A., 2013. Rethinking Christian Identity. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Betta, M. (Ed.), 2006. The Moral, Social, and Commercial Imperatives of Genetic Testing and Screening: The Australian Case, International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Mogaji, E., 2016. University WebsiteWebsites Design in International Student Recruitment: Some Reflections, in: Wu, T., Naidoo, V. (Eds.), International Marketing of Higher Education. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 99–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Watch What Happens When You Dissolve An Antacid In Space [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Glossary of EDP Terminology (No. 130989). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sarachana, T., 2009. Investigation of post-transcriptional gene regulatory networks associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) by miRNA expression profiling of lymphoblastoid cell lines (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kristof, N.D., 2011. Tussling Over Jesus. New York Times A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Akiyama and Stone, 2013; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Akiyama and Stone, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Barabé et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Mar. Bio. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0022-0981
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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