How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cheung, F., 2011. Modern TCM: Enter the clinic. Nature 480, S94-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finney, L.A., O’Halloran, T.V., 2003. Transition metal speciation in the cell: insights from the chemistry of metal ion receptors. Science 300, 931–936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Provencio, I., Rollag, M.D., Castrucci, A.M., 2002. Photoreceptive net in the mammalian retina. This mesh of cells may explain how some blind mice can still tell day from night. Nature 415, 493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kajimura, S., Seale, P., Kubota, K., Lunsford, E., Frangioni, J.V., Gygi, S.P., Spiegelman, B.M., 2009. Initiation of myoblast to brown fat switch by a PRDM16-C/EBP-beta transcriptional complex. Nature 460, 1154–1158.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisen, P.S., Debnath, M., Prasad, G.B.K.S., 2012. Microbes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jajodia, S., Mazumdar, C. (Eds.), 2005. Information Systems Security: First International Conference, ICISS 2005, Kolkata, India, December 19-21, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Butterfield, D.A., 2007. Amyloid β-Peptide(1-42), Oxidative Stress, and Alzheimer’s Disease, in: Barrow, C.J., Small, D.H. (Eds.), Abeta Peptide and Alzheimer’s Disease: Celebrating a Century of Research. Springer, London, pp. 83–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Neurotransmitter Boost Has Fast-Acting Antidepressant Effects In Mice [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. NASA’s Administrative Review of a Patent Infringement Claim (No. RCED-00-240R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oldham, C.A., 2010. An investigation of genre and grammatical positioning in an online community (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Yes, Luis Castillo Is Still With the Mets. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cheung, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cheung, 2011; Finney and O’Halloran, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Finney and O’Halloran, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kajimura et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Mar. Bio. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0022-0981
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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