How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vedral, V., 2006. A better than perfect match. Nature 439, 397.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joshi, N.S., Jacks, T., 2013. Immunology. Guilty by association. Science 339, 1160–1161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor, P.D., Day, T., Wild, G., 2007. Evolution of cooperation in a finite homogeneous graph. Nature 447, 469–472.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bao, H., Fairchild, I.J., Wynn, P.M., Spötl, C., 2009. Stretching the envelope of past surface environments: Neoproterozoic glacial lakes from Svalbard. Science 323, 119–122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexandrovna, M.I., Ionin, B.I., Tebby, J.C., 2013. Alkynes in Cycloadditions. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cornelius-White, J.H.D., Motschnig-Pitrik, R., Lux, M. (Eds.), 2013. Interdisciplinary Applications of the Person-Centered Approach. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Unruh, W.G., 2013. Irrotational, Two-Dimensional Surface Waves in Fluids, in: Faccio, D., Belgiorno, F., Cacciatori, S., Gorini, V., Liberati, S., Moschella, U. (Eds.), Analogue Gravity Phenomenology: Analogue Spacetimes and Horizons, from Theory to Experiment, Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Chimps Are Capable Of Cooking Food [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. ADP Modernization: Army Plans To Improve Budget Disclosure for Its Standard Depot System (No. IMTEC-88-30). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robert, L.A., 2015. The impact of community-based mentoring on African American boys using an attribution-retraining curriculum (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M., Walsh, M.W., 2013. Chicago Sees Pension Crisis Drawing Near. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vedral, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Joshi and Jacks, 2013; Vedral, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joshi and Jacks, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bao et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Mar. Bio. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0022-0981
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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