How to format your references using the European Journal of Internal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Internal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morton O. PARTICLE PHYSICS: The Final Tally Leaves LEP a Probable Loser. Science 2000;290:1274a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koelle K, Rasmussen DA. Influenza: Prediction is worth a shot. Nature 2014;507:47–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gahan LJ, Gould F, Heckel DG. Identification of a gene associated with Bt resistance in Heliothis virescens. Science 2001;293:857–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bartels R, Backus S, Zeek E, Misoguti L, Vdovin G, Christov IP, et al. Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays. Nature 2000;406:164–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Popkin JD. A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Halgamuge SK, Wang L, editors. Classification and Clustering for Knowledge Discovery. vol. 4. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Edge CS, Barker C, Schwiebert E. Controlling Network Traffic. In: Barker C, Schwiebert E, editors. Beginning Mac OS X Snow Leopard Server: From Solo Install to Enterprise Integration, Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010, p. 149–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Internal Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Family Matters: Mental Illness Doesn’t Have To Pass From Parent To Child. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Farm Program Modernization: Farm Service Agency Needs to Demonstrate the Capacity to Manage IT Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carver A. From under the blanket. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly BKB, curator of special collections at Hofstra University in Hempstead, based this article on her dissertation in progress at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. THE SUBURBAN REVOLUTION. New York Times 1987:11LI1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
AbbreviationEur. J. Intern. Med.
ISSN (print)0953-6205
ScopeInternal Medicine

Other styles