How to format your references using the European Journal of Internal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Internal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Mazin II. Superconductivity gets an iron boost. Nature 2010;464:183–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ellegren H, Sheldon BC. Genetic basis of fitness differences in natural populations. Nature 2008;452:169–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Pascoli V, Turiault M, Lüscher C. Reversal of cocaine-evoked synaptic potentiation resets drug-induced adaptive behaviour. Nature 2011;481:71–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Barderas R, Villar-Vázquez R, Fernández-Aceñero MJ, Babel I, Peláez-García A, Torres S, et al. Sporadic colon cancer murine models demonstrate the value of autoantibody detection for preclinical cancer diagnosis. Sci Rep 2013;3:2938.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Palmquist SR. Comprehensive Commentary on Kant’s Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Link S, Trujillo JC, editors. Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2016 Workshops, AHA, MoBiD, MORE-BI, MReBA, QMMQ, SCME, and WM2SP, Gifu, Japan, November 14–17, 2016, Proceedings. vol. 9975. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Cullmann J, Schmitz GH. Design of Artificial Neural Networks for Flood Forecasting. In: Schumann AH, editor. Flood Risk Assessment and Management: How to Specify Hydrological Loads, Their Consequences and Uncertainties, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011, p. 77–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Internal Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Dr. Oz Admits ‘Miracle’ Diet Products He Advocates Are Pseudoscience. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Diploma Mills: Federal Employees Have Obtained Degrees from Diploma Mills and Other Unaccredited Schools, Some at Government Expense. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Janowiecki S. The evolutionary status of high and extremely low surface brightness dwarf galaxies. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gordon MR. Defense Secretary Says He Didn’t Contradict President. New York Times 2017:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
AbbreviationEur. J. Intern. Med.
ISSN (print)0953-6205
ScopeInternal Medicine

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