How to format your references using the European Journal of Internal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Internal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Keller M. Physics. Interfacing atoms and light--the smaller the stronger. Science 2013;340:1175–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wang Y, Robinson GH. Chemistry. Building a Lewis base with boron. Science 2011;333:530–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Storch NI, Anderson KR, Lai D. Chaotic dynamics of stellar spin in binaries and the production of misaligned hot Jupiters. Science 2014;345:1317–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wernsdorfer W, Aliaga-Alcalde N, Hendrickson DN, Christou G. Exchange-biased quantum tunnelling in a supramolecular dimer of single-molecule magnets. Nature 2002;416:406–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stein PD. Pulmonary Embolism. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Singh RB, Hietala R, editors. Livelihood Security in Northwestern Himalaya: Case Studies from Changing Socio-economic Environments in Himachal Pradesh, India. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Goss C, Moretti F. Providing Information and Involving the Patient in the Therapeutic Process. In: Rimondini M, editor. Communication in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, New York, NY: Springer; 2011, p. 71–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Internal Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Several Cancers Caused By The Same Genetic Mutations. IFLScience 2013. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/several-cancers-caused-same-genetic-mutations/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: Information on NASA’s Selection of Data Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Coffman MW. A National Study of the Relationship between Home Access to a Computer and Academic Performance Scores of Grade 12 U.S. Science Students: An Analysis of the 2009 NAEP Data. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. Bright, Playful, Swiss. New York Times 2010:E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
AbbreviationEur. J. Intern. Med.
ISSN (print)0953-6205
ScopeInternal Medicine

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