How to format your references using the European Journal of Internal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Internal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D. Obituary: Hubert Curien (1924-2005). Nature 2005;434:453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bolhuis JJ, Wynne CDL. Can evolution explain how minds work? Nature 2009;458:832–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gleiche M, Chi LF, Fuchs H. Nanoscopic channel lattices with controlled anisotropic wetting. Nature 2000;403:173–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
How GTS, Pandikumar A, Ming HN, Ngee LH. Highly exposed {001} facets of titanium dioxide modified with reduced graphene oxide for dopamine sensing. Sci Rep 2014;4:5044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez A. Network Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Prado-Prado JC, García-Arca J, editors. Annals of Industrial Engineering 2012: Industrial Engineering: overcoming the crisis. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Sittenfeld P. Advantages and Limitations of Costa Rica’s Experience in Competition Policy. A Benchmark for the Rest of the Countries of the Central American Region. In: Schatan C, Rivera E, editors. Competition Policies in Emerging Economies: Lessons and Challenges from Central America and Mexico, New York, NY: Springer; 2008, p. 145–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Internal Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Is Your Religion Ready To Meet ET? IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Strategic Bombers: Issues Related to the B-1B Aircraft Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daly KM. Cinema 3.0: How digital and computer technologies are changing cinema. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr. Actor Set to Have Key Role In Man’s Drug Murder Trial. New York Times 2017:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
AbbreviationEur. J. Intern. Med.
ISSN (print)0953-6205
ScopeInternal Medicine

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