How to format your references using the European Journal of Internal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Internal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Prusiner SB. Historical essay. Discovering the cause of AIDS. Science 2002;298:1726.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Krupovic M, Bamford DH. Virology. Revealing virus-host interplay. Science 2011;333:45–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Urban FE, Cole JE, Overpeck JT. Influence of mean climate change on climate variability from a 155-year tropical Pacific coral record. Nature 2000;407:989–93.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Bottke WF Jr, Vokrouhlický D, Broz M, Nesvorný D, Morbidelli A. Dynamical spreading of asteroid families by the Yarkovsky effect. Science 2001;294:1693–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Greenspan D. Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Knopp T. Magnetic Particle Imaging: An Introduction to Imaging Principles and Scanner Instrumentation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Helles G. Simulating Evolution of Drosophila Melanogaster Ebony Mutants Using a Genetic Algorithm. In: Pizzuti C, Ritchie MD, Giacobini M, editors. Evolutionary Computation, Machine Learning and Data Mining in Bioinformatics: 7th European Conference, EvoBIO 2009 Tübingen, Germany, April 15-17, 2009 Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 37–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Internal Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Watch chemicals turn into memories - the first time this has ever been recorded. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/watch-chemicals-turn-memories-first-time-has-ever-been-recorded/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Agencies’ Contracting for Research and Development in the Private, Profitmaking Sector. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Norton JC. Elementary ESL and General Education Co-Teachers’ Perceptions of Their Co-Teaching Roles: A Mixed Methods Study. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Rothenberg B. Müller Climbs the Rankings at an Age When Others Retire. New York Times 2017:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
AbbreviationEur. J. Intern. Med.
ISSN (print)0953-6205
ScopeInternal Medicine

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