How to format your references using the City and Climate Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for City and Climate Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smith C. Genomics: big tasks for small molecules. Nature 2005;435:991.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
McMurray MA, Gottschling DE. An age-induced switch to a hyper-recombinational state. Science 2003;301:1908–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Koh K, Zheng X, Sehgal A. JETLAG resets the Drosophila circadian clock by promoting light-induced degradation of TIMELESS. Science 2006;312:1809–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Tang G, Minemoto Y, Dibling B, Purcell NH, Li Z, Karin M, et al. Inhibition of JNK activation through NF-kappaB target genes. Nature 2001;414:313–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chappell D. The JCT Minor Works Building Contracts 2005. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Spinoglio G, editor. Robotic Surgery: Current Applications and New Trends. Milano: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Davis M. Diophantine Equations and Computation. In: Calude CS, Costa JF, Dershowitz N, Freire E, Rozenberg G, editors. Unconventional Computation: 8th International Conference, UC 2009, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, September 7-11, 2009. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 4–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for City and Climate Interactions.

Blog post
[1]
Evans K. Weather Channel Issues Unusual Warning: “This Is Not Hyperbole, And I Am Not Kidding” — Leave. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/weather-channel-issues-unusual-warning-this-is-not-hyperbole-and-i-am-not-kidding-leave/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 5. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Robinson EA. Exploring the Barriers to Online-Business Profitability for Small Business. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hubbard B. 27 Years After Protest, a Victory Lap for Saudi Women. New York Times 2017:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCity and Climate Interactions
ISSN (print)2590-2520
Scope

Other styles