How to format your references using the Applied and Computational Harmonic Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied and Computational Harmonic Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Marshall, BIOTECHNOLOGY:Disease Group Invests in Do-It-Yourself Drugs, Science. 288 (2000) 1715b–7b.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.J. Gibbs, A.J. Gibbs, Molecular virology: was the 1918 pandemic caused by a bird flu?, Nature. 440 (2006) E8; discussion E9-10.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.A. Pool, E. Lobkovsky, P.J. Chirik, Hydrogenation and cleavage of dinitrogen to ammonia with a zirconium complex, Nature. 427 (2004) 527–530.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Asai, G. Tena, J. Plotnikova, M.R. Willmann, W.-L. Chiu, L. Gomez-Gomez, T. Boller, F.M. Ausubel, J. Sheen, MAP kinase signalling cascade in Arabidopsis innate immunity, Nature. 415 (2002) 977–983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.W. Kolb, Sovereign Debt, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
D. Taniar, O. Gervasi, B. Murgante, E. Pardede, B.O. Apduhan, eds., Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2010: International Conference, Fukuoka, Japan, March 23-26, 2010, Proceedings, Part IV, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Aoki, Descartes and Locke on the Nature of Matter: a Note, in: S. Hutton, P. Schuurman (Eds.), Studies on Locke: Sources, Contemporaries, and Legacy, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008: pp. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied and Computational Harmonic Analysis.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Star-Shaped Polymers Developed That Can Kill Superbugs Without Antibiotics, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2009 Expenditure Plan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Martinez, An after-school program at the middle school level for at-risk youth, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G.G. Gustines, To Herald a Film, a Comic Strip Mirrors the Ravages of Climate Change, New York Times. (2017) B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied and Computational Harmonic Analysis
AbbreviationAppl. Comput. Harmon. Anal.
ISSN (print)1063-5203
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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