How to format your references using the Aquatic Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lingham-Soliar, T., 2014. Comment on “A Jurassic ornithischian dinosaur from Siberia with both feathers and scales.” Science 346, 434.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oh, D.Y., Olefsky, J.M., 2010. Medicine. Wnt fans the flames in obesity. Science 329, 397–398.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shelby, R.A., Smith, D.R., Schultz, S., 2001. Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction. Science 292, 77–79.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kumar, A., Godwin, J.W., Gates, P.B., Garza-Garcia, A.A., Brockes, J.P., 2007. Molecular basis for the nerve dependence of limb regeneration in an adult vertebrate. Science 318, 772–777.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beagle, J.R., 2013. Surgical Essentials of Immediate Implant Dentistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Sarti, A., Montanari, F., Galofaro, F. (Eds.), 2015. Morphogenesis and Individuation, Lecture Notes in Morphogenesis. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
O’brien, K., 2015. “Mis-Education,” in: Hartlep, N.D., Hensley, B.O. (Eds.), Critical Storytelling in Uncritical Times: Stories Disclosed in a Cultural Foundations of Education Course, Constructing Knowledge: Curriculum Studies in Action. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 27–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Botany.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Oldest Known Stone Tools Discovered In Kenya [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Information Technology: Significant Problems of Critical Automation Program Contribute to Risks Facing 2010 Census (No. GAO-08-550T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin, L.-M., 2010. Transformation in Chinese Theatre Works’ the Legend of White Snake (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R., 1993. Mortality Tale. New York Times 711.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lingham-Soliar, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lingham-Soliar, 2014; Oh and Olefsky, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oh and Olefsky, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kumar et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Botany
AbbreviationAquat. Bot.
ISSN (print)0304-3770
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

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