How to format your references using the Aquatic Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S., 2013. Vaccines: An age-old problem. Nature 502, S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rajagopalan, H., Lengauer, C., 2004. Aneuploidy and cancer. Nature 432, 338–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barth, J.V., Costantini, G., Kern, K., 2005. Engineering atomic and molecular nanostructures at surfaces. Nature 437, 671–679.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, Q., Liu, Z.L., Ning, K., Wang, A., Zeng, X., Xu, J., 2014. Genomic and transcriptome analyses reveal that MAPK- and phosphatidylinositol-signaling pathways mediate tolerance to 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde for industrial yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sci. Rep. 4, 6556.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gowler, D.B., 2013. James Through the Centuries. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Anderson, R.E., LaVail, M.M., Hollyfield, J.G. (Eds.), 2008. Recent Advances in Retinal Degeneration, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Guo, T., Liu, F., Wu, C., Ren, Y., Wang, W., 2014. On $(k, n) ( k , n ) Visual Cryptography Scheme with t$ t Essential Parties, in: Padró, C. (Ed.), Information Theoretic Security: 7th International Conference, ICITS 2013, Singapore, November 28-30, 2013, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 56–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Botany.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. In Focus: New Horizons’ Crisp Images Shed New Light On The Origins Of Pluto And Its Moons [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Information Regarding the Effect of Applying the Representative Tax System to the General Revenue Sharing, Medicaid, and Vocational Education Programs (No. GGD-83-106). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hilker, B., 2010. Electric-field effects and interactions of dye-polymer systems (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2009. Every Justice Creates a New Court. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (DeWeerdt, 2013; Rajagopalan and Lengauer, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rajagopalan and Lengauer, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Botany
AbbreviationAquat. Bot.
ISSN (print)0304-3770
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

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