How to format your references using the Aquatic Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ide, S., 2010. Striations, duration, migration and tidal response in deep tremor. Nature 466, 356–359.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasparakis, M., Vandenabeele, P., 2015. Necroptosis and its role in inflammation. Nature 517, 311–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Charrier, I., Mathevon, N., Jouventin, P., 2001. Mother’s voice recognition by seal pups. Nature 412, 873.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lozier, M.S., Leadbetter, S., Williams, R.G., Roussenov, V., Reed, M.S.C., Moore, N.J., 2008. The spatial pattern and mechanisms of heat-content change in the North Atlantic. Science 319, 800–803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Koch, S.N., Torres, S.M.F., Plumb, D.C., 2012. Canine and Feline Dermatology Drug Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Fred, A., De Marsico, M. (Eds.), 2015. Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods: International Conference, ICPRAM 2013 Barcelona, Spain, February 15-18, 2013 Revised Selected Papers, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kruys, J., Qian, L., 2011. The Physics of Spectrum Sharing, in: Qian, L. (Ed.), Sharing RF Spectrum with Commodity Wireless Technologies: Theory and Practice, Signals and Communication Technology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 71–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Botany.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Rare Beaked Whale Washes Up in Australia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Leasing Office Space: FAA’s Denver Solicitation May Have Unduly Restricted Competition (No. GGD-88-72BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pundir, B., 2011. Surface pressure fluctuations due to an impinging underexpanded supersonic jet (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2017. A World Where Only Black People Have Superpowers. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ide, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ide, 2010; Pasparakis and Vandenabeele, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pasparakis and Vandenabeele, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Lozier et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Botany
AbbreviationAquat. Bot.
ISSN (print)0304-3770
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

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