How to format your references using the Aquatic Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D., 2003. Nuts and bolts. Nature 426, 104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jensen, K., Murray, F., 2005. Intellectual property. Enhanced: intellectual property landscape of the human genome. Science 310, 239–240.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heymann, D.L., Sutter, R.W., Aylward, R.B., 2005. A global call for new polio vaccines. Nature 434, 699–700.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
France, K., McCray, R., Heng, K., Kirshner, R.P., Challis, P., Bouchet, P., Crotts, A., Dwek, E., Fransson, C., Garnavich, P.M., Larsson, J., Lawrence, S.S., Lundqvist, P., Panagia, N., Pun, C.S.J., Smith, N., Sollerman, J., Sonneborn, G., Stocke, J.T., Wang, L., Wheeler, J.C., 2010. Observing supernova 1987A with the refurbished Hubble Space Telescope. Science 329, 1624–1627.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kyan, M., Muneesawang, P., Jarrah, K., Guan, L., 2014. Unsupervised Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Reynolds, K.M., Hessburg, P.F., Bourgeron, P.S. (Eds.), 2014. Making Transparent Environmental Management Decisions: Applications of the Ecosystem Management Decision Support System, Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Huang, P.L., 2007. eNOS and nNOS in Stroke, in: Lajtha, A., Chan, P.H. (Eds.), Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Acute Ischemic Injury and Repair in the Nervous System. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 47–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Botany.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Could This Biochemist’s Veggie Burger Be The Closest Thing To Real Meat? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Examination of the Pricing of a Negotiated Fixed-Price Incentive Contract Awarded on a Noncompetitive Basis (No. 103244). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sarantopoulos, N.D., 2008. The relationship between values and leadership styles of nonprofit leaders (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. N.H.L. Is Playing on Its Home Ice. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jensen and Murray, 2005; Koen, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jensen and Murray, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (France et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Botany
AbbreviationAquat. Bot.
ISSN (print)0304-3770
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

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