How to format your references using the Aquatic Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2003. Forcing the market. Nature 426, 735.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reik, W., Dean, W., 2002. Back to the beginning. Nature 420, 127.
A journal article with 3 authors
Staver, A.C., Archibald, S., Levin, S.A., 2011. The global extent and determinants of savanna and forest as alternative biome states. Science 334, 230–232.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hartogh, P., Lis, D.C., Bockelée-Morvan, D., de Val-Borro, M., Biver, N., Küppers, M., Emprechtinger, M., Bergin, E.A., Crovisier, J., Rengel, M., Moreno, R., Szutowicz, S., Blake, G.A., 2011. Ocean-like water in the Jupiter-family comet 103P/Hartley 2. Nature 478, 218–220.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mullaney, M.D., 2009. The Complete Guide to Option Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ogras, U.Y., 2013. Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Network-on-Chip Communication Architectures, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Better, A., 2016. The Political Is Personal: Public Sociology and Social Change Through Community Engagement, in: Schnee, E., Better, A., Clark Cummings, M. (Eds.), Civic Engagement Pedagogy in the Community College: Theory and Practice, Education, Equity, Economy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Botany.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. NASA To Make A “Surprising” Announcement About Jupiter’s Moon Europa Next Monday [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Federal Communications Commission: Facilitate the Development and Use of the Universal Licensing System in the Wireless Telecommunications Services (No. OGC-99-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guzman, B.P., 2015. Understanding the factors affecting local emergency service collaboration (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Charkes, J.S., 2009. Scrambling to Enroll More Preschoolers. New York Times NJ3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Reik and Dean, 2002; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reik and Dean, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hartogh et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Botany
AbbreviationAquat. Bot.
ISSN (print)0304-3770
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

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