How to format your references using the Journal of EuCornea citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of EuCornea. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Haberland, Looking from both sides, Nature. 494 (2013) E1-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.S. Gandhi, D.C. Rees, Biochemistry. Opening the molecular floodgates, Science. 321 (2008) 1166–1167.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Bao, S. Yu, D.Q. Tong, Massive volcanic SO(2) oxidation and sulphate aerosol deposition in Cenozoic North America, Nature. 465 (2010) 909–912.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P.H. Petersen, K. Zou, J.K. Hwang, Y.N. Jan, W. Zhong, Progenitor cell maintenance requires numb and numblike during mouse neurogenesis, Nature. 419 (2002) 929–934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, Guidelines for Process Safety Documentation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 1995.
An edited book
P. Mohanty, T. Muneer, M. Kolhe, eds., Solar Photovoltaic System Applications: A Guidebook for Off-Grid Electrification, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J.G. Teng, T. Yu, Y.L. Wong, Hybrid FRP-Concrete-Steel Double-Skin Tubular Structural Members, in: L. Ye, P. Feng, Q. Yue (Eds.), Advances in FRP Composites in Civil Engineering: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering (CICE 2010), Sep 27–29, 2010, Beijing, China, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 26–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of EuCornea.

Blog post
J. Davis, How Did Carnivorous Plants Evolve Their Taste For Meat?, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA’s Deep Space Network: Current Management Structure Is Not Conducive to Effectively Matching Resources with Future Requirements, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Burnley, Psychotherapist as Modern-Day Shaman, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, Gold to British in Jumpoff With Dutch, New York Times. (2012) B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of EuCornea
ISSN (print)2452-4034

Other styles