How to format your references using the Journal of EuCornea citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of EuCornea. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.M. Crow, Obesity: insensitive issue, Nature. 486 (2012) S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Wigler, B. Mishra, Genetics. Wild by nature, Science. 296 (2002) 1407–1408.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.R. Roscioli, L.R. McCunn, M.A. Johnson, Quantum structure of the intermolecular proton bond, Science. 316 (2007) 249–254.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Spite, L.V. Norling, L. Summers, R. Yang, D. Cooper, N.A. Petasis, R.J. Flower, M. Perretti, C.N. Serhan, Resolvin D2 is a potent regulator of leukocytes and controls microbial sepsis, Nature. 461 (2009) 1287–1291.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.J. Pasternak, An Introduction to Human Molecular Genetics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Q. Luo, ed., Advancing Computing, Communication, Control and Management, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
J.Z. Liang, N. Corso, E. Turner, A. Zakhor, Image-Based Positioning of Mobile Devices in Indoor Environments, in: J. Choi, G. Friedland (Eds.), Multimodal Location Estimation of Videos and Images, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 85–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of EuCornea.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Mini-Spiral Galaxies Might Tell A Different Dark Matter Story, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Science and Technology: Information on Federal Programs and Interagency Efforts That Support Small Businesses Engaged in Manufacturing, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Papacostaki, Under the black sun, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, Making Dystopia Fresh Again, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of EuCornea
ISSN (print)2452-4034

Other styles