How to format your references using the Journal of EuCornea citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of EuCornea. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Dalton, Swift move to collect fallout data, Nature. 413 (2001) 335.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Ashlin, R.J. Ladle, Science communication. Environmental science adrift in the blogosphere, Science. 312 (2006) 201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Chen, J.J. Emerson, T.M. Martin, Evolutionary genomics: codon volatility does not detect selection, Nature. 433 (2005) E6-7; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Li, D. Stein, C. McMullan, D. Branton, M.J. Aziz, J.A. Golovchenko, Ion-beam sculpting at nanometre length scales, Nature. 412 (2001) 166–169.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Kobilinsky, T.F. Liotti, J. Oeser-Sweat, DNA: Forensic and Legal Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2004.
An edited book
R. Ellis, T. Allen, M. Petridis, eds., Applications and Innovations in Intelligent Systems XV: Proceedings of AI-2007, the Twenty-seventh SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Springer, London, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
P.G. Spirakis, Population Protocols and Related Models, in: S. Nikoletseas, J.D.P. Rolim (Eds.), Theoretical Aspects of Distributed Computing in Sensor Networks, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 109–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of EuCornea.

Blog post
J. Davis, One Day You May Be Able To Taste In Virtual Reality, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Advanced Airborne Command Post Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Robles, Academic achievement among foster care children with a disability: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander, The “Roswell” Army Fights for Its Show on the Web, New York Times. (2001) 232.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of EuCornea
ISSN (print)2452-4034

Other styles