How to format your references using the Journal of Aircraft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aircraft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Minelli, A. “Developmental Biology. Bits and Pieces.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 306, No. 5702, 2004, pp. 1693–1694.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dekel, E., and Alon, U. “Optimality and Evolutionary Tuning of the Expression Level of a Protein.” Nature, Vol. 436, No. 7050, 2005, pp. 588–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hodge, A., Campbell, C. D., and Fitter, A. H. “An Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Accelerates Decomposition and Acquires Nitrogen Directly from Organic Material.” Nature, Vol. 413, No. 6853, 2001, pp. 297–299.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hulot, G., Eymin, C., Langlais, B., Mandea, M., and Olsen, N. “Small-Scale Structure of the Geodynamo Inferred from Oersted and Magsat Satellite Data.” Nature, Vol. 416, No. 6881, 2002, pp. 620–623.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wills, B. Purposely Profitable. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
Yamashita, H., Hirose, Y., and Packard, J. L., Eds. Processing and Producing Head-Final Structures. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
El-Salhy, M., Hatlebakk, J. G., and Hausken, T. Treatment Options Without Medication. In Understanding and Controlling the Irritable Bowel (J. G. Hatlebakk and T. Hausken, eds.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015, pp. 45–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aircraft.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Discovery Of Massless Weyl Fermion Particle Could Revolutionize Electronics. IFLScience. Accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Human Capital Challenges Require Management Attention. Publication T-NSIAD-00-133. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solano Cahuana, I. L. The Production of Apologies by Colombian Learners of English A Study of Pragmatic Acquisition in an EFL Context. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. “Almost Ready to Fly.” New York Times, Mar 01, 2012, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aircraft
AbbreviationJ. Aircr.
ISSN (print)0021-8669
ISSN (online)1533-3868
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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