How to format your references using the Journal of Aircraft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aircraft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rando, T. A., “Stem cells, ageing and the quest for immortality,” Nature, vol. 441, Jun. 2006, pp. 1080–1086.
A journal article with 2 authors
Surani, A., and Smith, J., “Obituary: Anne McLaren (1927-2007),” Nature, vol. 448, Aug. 2007, pp. 764–765.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamashita, T., Hige, T., and Takahashi, T., “Vesicle endocytosis requires dynamin-dependent GTP hydrolysis at a fast CNS synapse,” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 307, Jan. 2005, pp. 124–127.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Williams, B. R., Prabhu, V. R., Hunter, K. E., Glazier, C. M., Whittaker, C. A., Housman, D. E., and Amon, A., “Aneuploidy affects proliferation and spontaneous immortalization in mammalian cells,” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 322, Oct. 2008, pp. 703–709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinot, V., Wave Propagation in Fluids, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Umeda, S., Nakano, M., Mizuyama, H., Hibino, N., Kiritsis, D., and von Cieminski, G., eds., Advances in Production Management Systems: Innovative Production Management Towards Sustainable Growth: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2015, Tokyo, Japan, September 7-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Maulucci, M. S. R., “Invoking the Sacred: Reflections on the Implications of EcoJustice for Science Education,” Cultural Studies and Environmentalism: The Confluence of EcoJustice, Place-based (Science) Education, and Indigenous Knowledge Systems, D.J. Tippins, M.P. Mueller, M. van Eijck, and J.D. Adams, eds., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010, pp. 43–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aircraft.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., “Supernovae Might Help Supermassive Black Holes Grow,” IFLScience Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ August 2000 Interim Spending Plan, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stout, J., “The Effects of Discipline with African-American Males at an Alternative Middle School: The Perceptions of Parents/Guardians, Teachers, Administrators, and Other Academic Stakeholders,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., “Fourth Passer? Jets May Go Deep,” New York Times, Sep. 2016, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aircraft
AbbreviationJ. Aircr.
ISSN (print)0021-8669
ISSN (online)1533-3868
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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