How to format your references using the Journal of Aircraft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aircraft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C., “Running Interference on the Genome,” Nature, Vol. 428, No. 6979, 2004, p. 225.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tzeng, S.-R., and Kalodimos, C. G., “Dynamic Activation of an Allosteric Regulatory Protein,” Nature, Vol. 462, No. 7271, 2009, pp. 368–372.
A journal article with 3 authors
Choe, J., Kelker, M. S., and Wilson, I. A., “Crystal Structure of Human Toll-like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Ectodomain,” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 309, No. 5734, 2005, pp. 581–585.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bebenek, K., Tissier, A., Frank, E. G., McDonald, J. P., Prasad, R., Wilson, S. H., Woodgate, R., and Kunkel, T. A., “5’-Deoxyribose Phosphate Lyase Activity of Human DNA Polymerase Iota in Vitro,” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 291, No. 5511, 2001, pp. 2156–2159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia, J. E., “Dynamic Economic Decision Making,” John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Wille, R., “Towards a Design Flow for Reversible Logic,” Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Hong, S., Yu, T.-S., and Kernie, S. G., “Role of Neural Stem and Progenitor Cells in the Adaptation of the Brain to Injury,” Endogenous Stem Cell-Based Brain Remodeling in Mammals, edited by M.-P. Junier and S. G. Kernie, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2014, pp. 57–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aircraft.

Blog post
Hale, T., “The Helmeted Hornbill Is The Latest ‘Trend’ In The Illegal Wildlife Trade,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Sep 27 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “The Fight Against Infant Mortality,” 137162, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, January 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karriem, K. L., “The Relationship between Stress and Emotional Intelligence among Direct-Care Workers,” Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., “New York Mulls New Bid,” New York Times, May 15 2014, p. B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aircraft
AbbreviationJ. Aircr.
ISSN (print)0021-8669
ISSN (online)1533-3868
ScopeAerospace Engineering

Other styles