How to format your references using the Journal of Aircraft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aircraft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Austin, J., “The class of 2005. United States: two scientists and a baby,” Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 310, Oct. 2005, pp. 518–519.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huebsch, N., and Mooney, D. J., “Inspiration and application in the evolution of biomaterials,” Nature, vol. 462, Nov. 2009, pp. 426–432.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gutiérrez, N. L., Hilborn, R., and Defeo, O., “Leadership, social capital and incentives promote successful fisheries,” Nature, vol. 470, Feb. 2011, pp. 386–389.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choi, H. J., Roundy, D., Sun, H., Cohen, M. L., and Louie, S. G., “The origin of the anomalous superconducting properties of MgB(2),” Nature, vol. 418, Aug. 2002, pp. 758–760.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yanni, S. B., Translational ADMET for Drug Therapy, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
Huang, T., ed., Water Pollution and Water Quality Control of Selected Chinese Reservoir Basins, Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleophas, T. J., and Zwinderman, A. H., “Log Likelihood Ratio Tests for Safety Data Analysis,” Statistics Applied to Clinical Studies, A.H. Zwinderman, ed., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012, pp. 61–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aircraft.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., “Sperm May Use ‘Harpoons’ To Fertilize An Egg,” IFLScience Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, President’s Third Special Message for FY 1981, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curiel, A. R., “A re-examination of the Meyers and Volbrecht motor equation for the identification of suspect effort,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., “Monopoly Goes Corporate,” New York Times, Aug. 2013, p. SR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aircraft
AbbreviationJ. Aircr.
ISSN (print)0021-8669
ISSN (online)1533-3868
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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