How to format your references using the Journal of Aircraft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aircraft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lynch, C. “Big Data: How Do Your Data Grow?” Nature, Vol. 455, No. 7209, 2008, pp. 28–29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weinhold, F., and Landis, C. R. “Chemistry. High Bond Orders in Metal-Metal Bonding.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 316, No. 5821, 2007, pp. 61–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jarillo-Herrero, P., van Dam, J. A., and Kouwenhoven, L. P. “Quantum Supercurrent Transistors in Carbon Nanotubes.” Nature, Vol. 439, No. 7079, 2006, pp. 953–956.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ruiz-Pesini, E., Mishmar, D., Brandon, M., Procaccio, V., and Wallace, D. C. “Effects of Purifying and Adaptive Selection on Regional Variation in Human MtDNA.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 303, No. 5655, 2004, pp. 223–226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henderson, G. R. Six Sigma Quality Improvement with Minitab. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
Stadler, M., and Dersch, P., Eds. How to Overcome the Antibiotic Crisis: Facts, Challenges, Technologies and Future Perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Sethy, S., Sothun, C., and Wildblood, R. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Cambodia. In Municipal Solid Waste Management in Asia and the Pacific Islands: Challenges and Strategic Solutions (A. Pariatamby and M. Tanaka, eds.), Springer, Singapore, 2014, pp. 77–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aircraft.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. How Animals Can Help Autistic Children. IFLScience. Accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: Improvements in the Bureau of Transportation Statistics’ Commodity Flow Survey. Publication RCED-98-90R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Washington-Cobb, S. L. Exploring the Experiences of Former Alternative Education Participants: Case Studies. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. “7 Falsehoods At 3 Events In One Day.” New York Times, Jul 26, 2017, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aircraft
AbbreviationJ. Aircr.
ISSN (print)0021-8669
ISSN (online)1533-3868
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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