How to format your references using the Journal of Aircraft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aircraft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palmer, T. “Modelling: Build Imprecise Supercomputers.” Nature, Vol. 526, No. 7571, 2015, pp. 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karimi, E., and Boyd, R. W. “PHYSICS. Classical Entanglement?” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 350, No. 6265, 2015, pp. 1172–1173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leung, A. K. W., Nagai, K., and Li, J. “Structure of the Spliceosomal U4 SnRNP Core Domain and Its Implication for SnRNP Biogenesis.” Nature, Vol. 473, No. 7348, 2011, pp. 536–539.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mason, M. F., Norton, M. I., Van Horn, J. D., Wegner, D. M., Grafton, S. T., and Macrae, C. N. “Wandering Minds: The Default Network and Stimulus-Independent Thought.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 315, No. 5810, 2007, pp. 393–395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner, D. Trading ETFs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Rzoska, S., Drozd-Rzoska, A., and Mazur, V., Eds. Metastable Systems under Pressure. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Connor, M. J., and Oommen, A. Clinical Pearls: Non-Dialytic Management of Kidney Complications in the Postoperative Period. In Perioperative Kidney Injury: Principles of Risk Assessment, Diagnosis and Treatment (C. V. Thakar and C. R. Parikh, eds.), Springer, New York, NY, 2015, pp. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aircraft.

Blog post
Hale, T. You Can Now Search Through 12 Million Pages Of Declassified CIA Files Online. IFLScience. Accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Demand for the Social Security Administration’s Electronic Data Exchanges Is Growing and Presents Future Challenges. Publication GAO-09-126. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hardison, A. Achieving Literacy Excellence through Identifying and Utilizing High Yield Strategies. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kleinfield, N. R. “Broken Boys, Thieves, Killers, and Now Escapees.” New York Times, Jun 13, 2015, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aircraft
AbbreviationJ. Aircr.
ISSN (print)0021-8669
ISSN (online)1533-3868
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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