How to format your references using the Journal of Aircraft citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aircraft. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stringer, C. “Palaeontology: The 100-Year Mystery of Piltdown Man.” Nature, Vol. 492, No. 7428, 2012, pp. 177–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marchiori, D., and Warglien, M. “Predicting Human Interactive Learning by Regret-Driven Neural Networks.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 319, No. 5866, 2008, pp. 1111–1113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hirata, A., Klein, B. J., and Murakami, K. S. “The X-Ray Crystal Structure of RNA Polymerase from Archaea.” Nature, Vol. 451, No. 7180, 2008, pp. 851–854.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chandrashekar, J., Yarmolinsky, D., von Buchholtz, L., Oka, Y., Sly, W., Ryba, N. J. P., and Zuker, C. S. “The Taste of Carbonation.” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 326, No. 5951, 2009, pp. 443–445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Choudhry, M., Moskovic, D., Wong, M., Baig, S., Liu, Z., Lizzio, M., and Voicu, A. Fixed Income Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Gould, L., and Sauther, M. L., Eds. Lemurs: Ecology and Adaptation. Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
DeMaris, A., and Selman, S. H. Additional Inferential Procedures. In Converting Data into Evidence: A Statistics Primer for the Medical Practitioner (S. H. Selman, ed.), Springer, New York, NY, 2013, pp. 39–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aircraft.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Once Again, Scientists Conclude That There’s No Evidence That Homeopathy Works. IFLScience. Accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Congressional Oversight: FAA Case Study Shows How Agency Performance, Budgeting, and Financial Information Could Enhance Oversight. Publication GAO-06-378. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaker, G. Off the Track: The Full-Time Nontenure -Track Faculty Experience in English. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. “Beyoncé, With 9 Grammy Nods, Will Face Off Against Adele.” New York Times, Dec 06, 2016, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aircraft
AbbreviationJ. Aircr.
ISSN (print)0021-8669
ISSN (online)1533-3868
ScopeAerospace Engineering

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