How to format your references using the Journal of Ethology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brook EJ (2005) Atmospheric science. Tiny bubbles tell all. Science 310:1285–1287
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheehan PM, Harris MT (2004) Microbialite resurgence after the Late Ordovician extinction. Nature 430:75–78
A journal article with 3 authors
Nieder A, Freedman DJ, Miller EK (2002) Representation of the quantity of visual items in the primate prefrontal cortex. Science 297:1708–1711
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Loomis J, Fan X, Khosravi F, et al (2013) Graphene/elastomer composite-based photo-thermal nanopositioners. Sci Rep 3:1900

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Millon T, Grossman S (2007) Overcoming Resistant Personality Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Yu S, Guo S (eds) (2016) Big Data Concepts, Theories, and Applications, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Hagoel L, Kalekin-Fishman D (2016) Point of Departure. In: Kalekin-Fishman D (ed) From the Margins to New Ground: An Autoethnography of Passage between Disciplines. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 49–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) New Horizons Is Going To Visit Another Object After Pluto. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Some Coordination Efforts Among Programs Providing Transportation Services, but Obstacles Persist. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horwitz MH (2017) Morphodynamics and Sediment Transport Pathways of the John’s Pass-Blind Pass Dual Inlet System: Pinellas County, Florida. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2009) A Gallery Of Heroes, Up for Sale. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brook 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sheehan and Harris 2004; Brook 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheehan and Harris 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Loomis et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethology
AbbreviationJ. Ethol.
ISSN (print)0289-0771
ISSN (online)1439-5444
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles