How to format your references using the Journal of Ethology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wood J (2005) Obituary: Alastair Cameron (1925-2005). Nature 438:752
A journal article with 2 authors
Bilder D, Perrimon N (2000) Localization of apical epithelial determinants by the basolateral PDZ protein Scribble. Nature 403:676–680
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao M, Kong L, Qu H (2014) A systems biology approach to identify intelligence quotient score-related genomic regions, and pathways relevant to potential therapeutic treatments. Sci Rep 4:4176
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kinoshita T, Caño-Delgado A, Seto H, et al (2005) Binding of brassinosteroids to the extracellular domain of plant receptor kinase BRI1. Nature 433:167–171

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferdjallah M (2011) Introduction to Digital Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gavrilova ML, Tan CJK, Wang Y, et al (eds) (2008) Transactions on Computational Science II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chimphango SBM, Belane A, Naab JB, et al (2008) Multi-Factor Approach to Identifying Cowpea Genotypes with Superior Symbiotic Traits and Higher Yield for Africa. In: Dakora FD, Chimphango SBM, Valentine AJ, et al. (eds) Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Towards Poverty Alleviation through Sustainable Agriculture: Proceedings of the 15th International Nitrogen Fixation Congress and the 12th International Conference of the African Association for Biological Nitrogen Fixation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 23–24

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethology.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Self-Driving Car Travels 3,400 Miles Across America. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Department of Education Grant Award. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gada KK (2015) Numerical analyses of passive and active flow control over a micro air vehicle with an optimized airfoil. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2012) Evolving Russia Finds a Recorder Of Its Moment. New York Times AR26

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wood 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bilder and Perrimon 2000; Wood 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bilder and Perrimon 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kinoshita et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethology
AbbreviationJ. Ethol.
ISSN (print)0289-0771
ISSN (online)1439-5444
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles