How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ferry G. Scientific heritage: Science today, history tomorrow. Nature. 2013;493:19–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hochberg YV, Fehder DC. ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Accelerators and ecosystems. Science. 2015;348:1202–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Di Toro G, Nielsen S, Pennacchioni G. Earthquake rupture dynamics frozen in exhumed ancient faults. Nature. 2005;436:1009–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Xing G-F, Wang X-L, Wan Y, Chen Z-H, Jiang Y, Kitajima K, et al. Diversity in early crustal evolution: 4100 Ma zircons in the Cathaysia Block of southern China. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5143.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Misra DK. Practical Electromagnetics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Leonhardt S, Falck T, Mähönen P, editors. 4th International Workshop on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks (BSN 2007): March 26 – 28, 2007 RWTH Aachen University, Germany. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Doicu A, Schuh R, Wriedt T. Scattering by particles on or near a plane surface. In: Kokhanovsky AA, editor. Light Scattering Reviews 3: Light Scattering and Reflection. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 109–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Keep Fidgeting, It Might Cancel Out The Negative Effects Of Prolonged Sitting. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. No Child Left Behind Act: Assistance from Education Could Help States Better Measure Progress of Students with Limited English Proficiency. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Jul. Report No.: GAO-06-815.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Saha P. Application hardware-software co-design for reconfigurable computing systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. 2017 Jul 21;MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
AbbreviationJ. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed.
ISSN (online)1746-4269
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Complementary and alternative medicine
Health(social science)
Cultural Studies

Other styles