How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Allshire R. Molecular biology. RNAi and heterochromatin--a hushed-up affair. Science. 2002;297:1818–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Awasthi A, Kuchroo VK. Immunology. The yin and yang of follicular helper T cells. Science. 2009;325:953–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Shim SH, Duffy TS, Shen G. The post-spinel transformation in Mg2SiO4 and its relation to the 660-km seismic discontinuity. Nature. 2001;411:571–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Teixeira A, Tahiri-Alaoui A, West S, Thomas B, Ramadass A, Martianov I, et al. Autocatalytic RNA cleavage in the human beta-globin pre-mRNA promotes transcription termination. Nature. 2004;432:526–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kukushkin A. Radio Wave Propagation in the Marine Boundary Layer. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
1. Tanumihardjo SA, editor. Carotenoids and Human Health. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sampaolesi R, Sampaolesi JR, Zárate J. Genetics, Heredity, and Molecular Biology in Glaucoma. In: Sampaolesi JR, Zárate J, editors. The Glaucomas: Volume II - Open Angle Glaucoma and Angle Closure Glaucoma. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 71–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Secrets of the Flying Snake Revealed [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/secrets-flying-snake-revealed/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Apr. Report No.: T-IMTEC-90-6.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yudell M. Making race: Biology and the evolution of the race concept in 20th century American thought [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Court Veteran Remembers A Scary Start. New York Times. 2006 Feb 16;A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
AbbreviationJ. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed.
ISSN (online)1746-4269
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Complementary and alternative medicine
Health(social science)
Cultural Studies

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