How to format your references using the Journal of Dermatological Science Supplement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dermatological Science Supplement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claussen M. Astronomy. Astronomical masers. Science 2004;306:235–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacoby CA, Frazer TK. Eutrophication: time to adjust expectations. Science 2009;324:723–4; author reply 724-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Callou C, Samzun A, Zivie A. Archaeology: a lion found in the Egyptian tomb of Maïa. Nature 2004;427:211–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wenk HR, Matthies S, Hemley RJ, Mao HK, Shu J. The plastic deformation of iron at pressures of the Earth’s inner core. Nature 2000;405:1044–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazimierczuk M. High-Frequency Magnetic Components. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Paganetto L, editor. Stagnation Versus Growth in Europe: Capitalism in the 21st Century. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Warnecke T, Dohrmann P, Jürgens A, Rausch A, Pinkwart N. Collaborative Learning through Cooperative Design Using a Multitouch Table. In: Luo Y, editor. Cooperative Design, Visualization, and Engineering: 8th International Conference, CDVE 2011, Hong Kong, China, September 11-14, 2011. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 22–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dermatological Science Supplement.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Iceland Is Drilling Four Kilometers Into A Volcano To Produce Clean Energy. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space Launch Act: Preliminary Information on Issues to Consider for Reauthorization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Binkley PM. Relationship of Graduate Student Involvement to Graduate Alumni Donor Behavior. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. An Exclusive Club, With Elusive Perks. New York Times 2016:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dermatological Science Supplement
AbbreviationJ. Derm. Sci. Suppl.
ISSN (print)1574-0757

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