How to format your references using the Journal of Dermatological Science Supplement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dermatological Science Supplement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keitt TH. Coherent ecological dynamics induced by large-scale disturbance. Nature 2008;454:331–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giovannoni S, Nemergut D. Ecology. Microbes ride the current. Science 2014;345:1246–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Otto A, White JD, Simoneit BRT. Natural product terpenoids in Eocene and Miocene conifer fossils. Science 2002;297:1543–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chung DY, Kim H-I, Chung Y-H, Lee MJ, Yoo SJ, Bokare AD, et al. Inhibition of CO poisoning on Pt catalyst coupled with the reduction of toxic hexavalent chromium in a dual-functional fuel cell. Sci Rep 2014;4:7450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous A. Fracture Mechanics 2. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Seliger G, editor. Sustainability in Manufacturing: Recovery of Resources in Product and Material Cycles. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Osaba E, Carballedo R, Diaz F, Onieva E, Perallos A. A Proposal of Good Practice in the Formulation and Comparison of Meta-heuristics for Solving Routing Problems. In: Puerta JG de la, Ferreira IG, Bringas PG, Klett F, Abraham A, Carvalho ACPLF de, et al., editors. International Joint Conference SOCO’14-CISIS’14-ICEUTE’14: Bilbao, Spain, June 25th-27th, 2014, Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dermatological Science Supplement.

Blog post
Andrew E. Solar Activity At Birth Could Influence Our Lifespan. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Review of the Tren Urbano Finance Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huff HK. Thumb Twiddle Glossolalia: The Soumage. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mozur P, Markoff J. Is China Outsmarting America in Artificial Intelligence? New York Times 2017:BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dermatological Science Supplement
AbbreviationJ. Derm. Sci. Suppl.
ISSN (print)1574-0757

Other styles