How to format your references using the Journal of Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kerr RA. PLANETARY SCIENCE: Most-Common Meteorites Find a Home Among the Asteroids. Science. 2000;288(5472):1714-1715.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zhu M, Ahlberg PE. The origin of the internal nostril of tetrapods. Nature. 2004;432(7013):94-97.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Levin EJ, Quick M, Zhou M. Crystal structure of a bacterial homologue of the kidney urea transporter. Nature. 2009;462(7274):757-761.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hayashi F, Smith KD, Ozinsky A, et al. The innate immune response to bacterial flagellin is mediated by Toll-like receptor 5. Nature. 2001;410(6832):1099-1103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Harrison RG. Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Arbia G, Baltagi BH, eds. Spatial Econometrics: Methods and Applications. Physica-Verlag HD; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
van de Pol LA, van der Flier WM, Scheltens P. Clinical Evaluation and Treatment of Cognitive Dysfunction and Dementia. In: Biessels GJ, Luchsinger JA, eds. Diabetes and the Brain. Humana Press; 2010:103-127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Epidemiology.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. What The Color Of Your Snot Says About Your Health. IFLScience. Published January 31, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/decoding-snot-what-color-says-about-your-health/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: NASA’s Procurement of Solid Rocket Booster Motors. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Caprile JA. The Geochemical Influence of Trace Element Concentrations from Marine Sedimentary Bedrock on Freshwater Streams in the Western Transverse Mountain Ranges. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodara S. Two Exhibitions, From Cover to Cover. New York Times. March 16, 2014:CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Epidemiology
AbbreviationJ. Epidemiol.
ISSN (print)0917-5040
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Epidemiology

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