How to format your references using the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Linden J. Cell biology. Purinergic chemotaxis. Science 2006;314:1689–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Davis PM, Jackson DD. Retrospective. Leon Knopoff (1925-2011). Science 2011;331:1400.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Martens S, Kozlov MM, McMahon HT. How synaptotagmin promotes membrane fusion. Science 2007;316:1205–8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Chen MJ, Yokomizo T, Zeigler BM, et al. Runx1 is required for the endothelial to haematopoietic cell transition but not thereafter. Nature 2009;457:887–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Martin JE. Physics for Radiation Protection. Weinheim, Germany: : Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA 2013.
An edited book
1
Tomascak PB. Advances in Lithium Isotope Geochemistry. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Colli Franzone P. Inverse Problems in Electrocardiology. In: Brezzi F, Colli Franzone P, Gianazza U, et al., eds. Analysis and Numerics of Partial Differential Equations. Milano: : Springer 2013. 19–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. What Are The Odds Of You Becoming Exactly You? IFLScience. 2014.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/what-are-odds-you-becoming-exactly-you/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Standard Definitions: Missing and Needed Software Tools. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Fisher JD. A profile of the chief student affairs officers of the California State University system. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Gustines GG. Change, Slower Than a Speeding Bullet. New York Times. 2015;:MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
AbbreviationJ. Epidemiol. Community Health
ISSN (print)0143-005X
ISSN (online)1470-2738
ScopeEpidemiology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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