How to format your references using the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Petroff Y. Physics. The electronic structure of liquid lead. Science 2004;306:2200–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Wu Y, Marsh JW. Selective transcription and modulation of resting T cell activity by preintegrated HIV DNA. Science 2001;293:1503–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Bennett VC, Brandon AD, Nutman AP. Coupled 142Nd-143Nd isotopic evidence for Hadean mantle dynamics. Science 2007;318:1907–10.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Banyard J, Chung I, Wilson AM, et al. Regulation of epithelial plasticity by miR-424 and miR-200 in a new prostate cancer metastasis model. Sci Rep 2013;3:3151.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Benslama M, Batatia H, Messai A. Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2016.
An edited book
1
Pohlmann M, Yang J, Lee J-H, editors. Citizenship and Migration in the Era of Globalization: The Flow of Migrants and the Perception of Citizenship in Asia and Europe. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Yuan W, Sickel W, Yang D. Pseudo-Differential Operators. In: Sickel W, Yang D, eds. Morrey and Campanato Meet Besov, Lizorkin and Triebel. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2010. 137–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Disco Clam Puts On Flashing Light Show To Scare Off Predators. IFLScience. 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. FAA Information Technology: Complete Cost Data Not Provided to OMB. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Mann KM. Evaluation of Transfer Technologies to Preserve Shoulder Function in SCI. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico to Restructure Up to $5.7 Billion in Debt. New York Times. 2015;:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
AbbreviationJ. Epidemiol. Community Health
ISSN (print)0143-005X
ISSN (online)1470-2738
ScopeEpidemiology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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