How to format your references using the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Williams Q. Geophysics. Deep mantle matters. Science 2014;344:800–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Phillips-Silver J, Trainor LJ. Feeling the beat: movement influences infant rhythm perception. Science 2005;308:1430.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Li L, Leid M, Rothenberg EV. An early T cell lineage commitment checkpoint dependent on the transcription factor Bcl11b. Science 2010;329:89–93.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Sañudo-Wilhelmy SA, Tovar-Sanchez A, Fu F-X, et al. The impact of surface-adsorbed phosphorus on phytoplankton Redfield stoichiometry. Nature 2004;432:897–901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Soustelle M. An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc 2011.
An edited book
1
Bolc L, Tadeusiewicz R, Chmielewski LJ, et al., editors. Computer Vision and Graphics: International Conference, ICCVG 2010, Warsaw, Poland, September 20-22, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Bertolino A, De Angelis G, Frantzen L, et al. The PLASTIC Framework and Tools for Testing Service-Oriented Applications. In: Lucia AD, Ferrucci F, eds. Software Engineering: International Summer Schools, ISSSE 2006-2008, Salerno, Italy, Revised Tutorial Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2009. 106–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Engineers develop ‘e-whiskers’ that could give robots the ability to ‘see’ and ‘feel’ their environment. IFLScience. 2014.https://www.iflscience.com/technology/engineers-develop-e-whiskers-could-give-robots-ability-see-and-feel-their-environment/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Patent Policy: Recent Changes in Federal Law Considered Beneficial. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Hau CC. Beliefs of nurse practitioner students toward testicular cancer and teaching testicular self-examinations. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1
Vecsey G. A Personal Loss for a Hofstra Alumnus. New York Times. 2009;:B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
AbbreviationJ. Epidemiol. Community Health
ISSN (print)0143-005X
ISSN (online)1470-2738
ScopeEpidemiology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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