How to format your references using the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
McGehee MD. Applied physics. Paradigm shifts in dye-sensitized solar cells. Science 2011;334:607–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Mitchell CE, Power AG. Release of invasive plants from fungal and viral pathogens. Nature 2003;421:625–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Nandal P, Ravella SR, Kuhad RC. Laccase production by Coriolopsis caperata RCK2011: optimization under solid state fermentation by Taguchi DOE methodology. Sci Rep 2013;3:1386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Poillet-Perez L, Xie X, Zhan L, et al. Autophagy maintains tumour growth through circulating arginine. Nature 2018;563:569–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Péra M-C, Hissel D, Gualous H, et al. Electrochemical Components. Hoboken, NJ USA: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2013.
An edited book
1
Dokken T. Computational Methods for Algebraic Spline Surfaces: ESF Exploratory Workshop. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Yajima N, Imamura T, Izutsu N, et al. The Future of Scientific Ballooning. In: Imamura T, Izutsu N, Yajima N, eds. Scientific Ballooning: Technology and Applications of Exploration Balloons Floating in the Stratosphere and the Atmospheres of Other Planets. New York, NY: : Springer 2009. 195–203.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Blog post
1
O`Callaghan J. NASA Is Looking For Your Ideas To Live Off The Land On Mars. IFLScience. 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Safety: Medical Certification and Background Check Requirements for Pilots, Vessel Masters, and Commercial Drivers Vary. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Bell J. A phenomenological study of African American GS-13 to GS-15 managers within the federal government. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
St. John Kelly E. Springer’s Harvest. New York Times. 1998;:D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
AbbreviationJ. Epidemiol. Community Health
ISSN (print)0143-005X
ISSN (online)1470-2738
ScopeEpidemiology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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