How to format your references using the Ad Hoc Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ad Hoc Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. May, Isolation is not the answer, Nature. 429 (2004) 603.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Noudoost, T. Moore, Control of visual cortical signals by prefrontal dopamine, Nature. 474 (2011) 372–375.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.I. Wilson, G.C. Turner, G. Laurent, Transformation of olfactory representations in the Drosophila antennal lobe, Science. 303 (2004) 366–370.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Palesch, S.E. Bosinger, G.K. Tharp, T.H. Vanderford, M. Paiardini, A. Chahroudi, Z.P. Johnson, F. Kirchhoff, B.H. Hahn, R.B. Norgren, N.B. Patel, D.L. Sodora, R.A. Dawoud, C.-B. Stewart, S.M. Seepo, R.A. Harris, Y. Liu, M. Raveendran, Y. Han, A. English, G.W.C. Thomas, M.W. Hahn, L. Pipes, C.E. Mason, D.M. Muzny, R.A. Gibbs, D. Sauter, K. Worley, J. Rogers, G. Silvestri, Sooty mangabey genome sequence provides insight into AIDS resistance in a natural SIV host, Nature. 553 (2018) 77–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Abu-Jamous, R. Fa, A.K. Nandi, Integrative Cluster Analysis in Bioinformatics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
M.G. di Renzo Villata, ed., Family Law and Society in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Contemporary Era, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
D.W. Ussery, T.M. Wassenaar, S. Borini, An Overview of Genome Databases, in: D.W. Ussery, T.M. Wassenaar, S. Borini (Eds.), Computing for Comparative Microbial Genomics: Bioinformatics for Microbiologists, Springer, London, 2009: pp. 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ad Hoc Networks.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Stem Cells Treat Brain Damage Caused By Cancer Therapy, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Arts Funding: Public Funding Profiles of the NEA States and Cities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.A. Hasbini, The Great Recession of 2007 and the Housing Market Crash: Why Did So Many Builders Fail? Lessons for the Local Homebuilding Industry, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Davey, Bankruptcy Lawyer Is Named to Rescue Detroit From Fiscal Disaster, New York Times. (2013) A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAd Hoc Networks
AbbreviationAd Hoc Netw.
ISSN (print)1570-8705
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture

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