How to format your references using the Ad Hoc Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ad Hoc Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Abbott, Social scientists call for abolition of dishonesty committee, Nature. 421 (2003) 681.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Baudrimont, A. Becskei, Gene regulation: Expression feels two pulses, Nature. 527 (2015) 46–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.M. Scholey, I. Brust-Mascher, A. Mogilner, Cell division, Nature. 422 (2003) 746–752.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. Krenner, D. Kühne, F. Klappenberger, J.V. Barth, Assessment of scanning tunneling spectroscopy modes inspecting electron confinement in surface-confined supramolecular networks, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Nappi, V. Peskov, Imaging Gaseous Detectors and Their Applications, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
An edited book
Z. Bösze, ed., Bioactive Components of Milk, Springer, New York, NY, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Giovagnoli, J. Marzialetti, H.P. Wynn, Bivariate Dependence Orderings for Unordered Categorical Variables, in: L. Pronzato, A. Zhigljavsky (Eds.), Optimal Design and Related Areas in Optimization and Statistics, Springer, New York, NY, 2009: pp. 81–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ad Hoc Networks.

Blog post
T. Hale, North Korea Announce Plans For Moon Missions And To “Conquer Space,” IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Review of the Transportation Security Administration’s Air Cargo Screening Exemptions Report, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Dillard, Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) and Implementation Science, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, PRESIDENT MOVES IN FAVOR OF LABOR, New York Times. (1993) A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAd Hoc Networks
AbbreviationAd Hoc Netw.
ISSN (print)1570-8705
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture

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