How to format your references using the Ad Hoc Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ad Hoc Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.W. Lea, Oceans. Not so permanent El Niño, Science. 344 (2014) 52–53.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Treves, J. Bruskotter, Ecology. Tolerance for predatory wildlife, Science. 344 (2014) 476–477.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. Quattrociocchi, G. Caldarelli, A. Scala, Opinion dynamics on interacting networks: media competition and social influence, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4938.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Shalizi, B. Gaudillière, Z. Yuan, J. Stegmüller, T. Shirogane, Q. Ge, Y. Tan, B. Schulman, J.W. Harper, A. Bonni, A calcium-regulated MEF2 sumoylation switch controls postsynaptic differentiation, Science. 311 (2006) 1012–1017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Wen, P. Huang, Principles of Tribology, John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore, 2011.
An edited book
E.C. Rodríguez-Merchán, ed., Joint Surgery in the Adult Patient with Hemophilia, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
V. Solonnikov, On Problem of Stability of Equilibrium Figures of Uniformly Rotating Viscous Incompressible Liquid, in: C. Bardos, A. Fursikov (Eds.), Instability in Models Connected with Fluid Flows II, Springer, New York, NY, 2008: pp. 189–254.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ad Hoc Networks.

Blog post
S. Luntz, New Species Of Marsupial Has Sex Until It Dies, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Social Security Administration: Subcommittee Questions Concerning Information Technology Challenges Facing the Commissioner, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.R. Wallace, A Comparative Analysis of a Conventional Versus a Computer-assisted Technique for Identification of Mechanical Power Press Hazards, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.M. Grynbaum, Right-Wing Provocateur Is Given More Fodder for His Conspiracies, New York Times. (2017) A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAd Hoc Networks
AbbreviationAd Hoc Netw.
ISSN (print)1570-8705
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture

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