How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2003. Biotech’s balancing act. Nature 423, 363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ito, T., Yokoyama, S., 2010. Two enzymes bound to one transfer RNA assume alternative conformations for consecutive reactions. Nature 467, 612–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, L.H., Yang, H., Bigras, G., 2014. Current breast cancer proliferative markers correlate variably based on decoupled duration of cell cycle phases. Sci. Rep. 4, 5122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Burresi, M., Cortese, L., Pattelli, L., Kolle, M., Vukusic, P., Wiersma, D.S., Steiner, U., Vignolini, S., 2014. Bright-white beetle scales optimise multiple scattering of light. Sci. Rep. 4, 6075.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker, C., Fincham, B., 2011. Work and the Mental Health Crisis in Britain. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gupta, K.J., Igamberdiev, A.U. (Eds.), 2015. Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species Signaling and Communication in Plants, Signaling and Communication in Plants. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Fan, C., Luo, J., Wang, W., Zhu, B., 2012. Voronoi Diagram with Visual Restriction, in: Snoeyink, J., Lu, P., Su, K., Wang, L. (Eds.), Frontiers in Algorithmics and Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Joint International Conference, FAW-AAIM 2012, Beijing, China, May 14-16, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 36–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Whole Brain Use Reduces Fear [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Internet Infrastructure: Challenges in Developing a Public/Private Recovery Plan (No. GAO-06-1100T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bolman, D.B., 2012. Examining the Relationship Between Technology Leadership Behaviors and Project Success (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cumming-Bruce, N., Sengupta, S., 2017. In Greece, China Finds a New Ally Against Criticism of Its Human Rights Record. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ito and Yokoyama, 2010; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ito and Yokoyama, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Burresi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Sci. (China)
ISSN (print)1001-0742
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
General Medicine

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