How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brenner, S., 2012. History of science. The revolution in the life sciences. Science 338, 1427–1428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, P.M., Ollason, J.C., 2001. Lagged effects of ocean climate change on fulmar population dynamics. Nature 413, 417–420.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, Z.M., Delgutte, B., Oxenham, A.J., 2002. Chimaeric sounds reveal dichotomies in auditory perception. Nature 416, 87–90.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jetz, W., Carbone, C., Fulford, J., Brown, J.H., 2004. The scaling of animal space use. Science 306, 266–268.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corrigan, P.W., Roe, D., Tsang, H.W.H., 2011. Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Boxall, A.B.A. (Ed.), 2009. Transformation Products of Synthetic Chemicals in the Environment, The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Holmes, W.H., Rinaman, W.C., 2014. Introduction to Statistical Inference, in: Rinaman, W.C. (Ed.), Statistical Literacy for Clinical Practitioners. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 127–147.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Ancient Nova Is Now Thought To Be A Stellar Collision [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Telecommunications: Cellular Service Competition (No. T-RCED-93-3). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, N.S., 2012. The Impact of Action Learning Experience on Reflective Practice (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bennhold, K., 2017. For First Time Since 1800s, Britain Goes a Day Without Burning Coal for Electricity. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brenner, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Brenner, 2012; Thompson and Ollason, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Ollason, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Jetz et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Sci. (China)
ISSN (print)1001-0742
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
General Medicine

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