How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosenfeld, D., 2006. Atmosphere. Aerosols, clouds, and climate. Science 312, 1323–1324.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carlip, S., Vaidya, S., 2003. Cosmology: Do black holes constrain varying constants? Nature 421, 498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayya, A., Banerjee, A., Rajesh, R., 2013. Mammalian cortical bone in tension is non-Haversian. Sci. Rep. 3, 2533.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, H.-H., Norris, A., Weiss, J.B., Frasch, M., 2003. Jelly belly protein activates the receptor tyrosine kinase Alk to specify visceral muscle pioneers. Nature 425, 507–512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiBerardinis, L.J., Baum, J.S., First, M.W., Gatwood, G.T., Seth, A.K., 2013. Guidelines for Laboratory Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gill, J., 2016. A Girl’s Education: Schooling and the Formation of Gender, Identities and Future Visions, Palgrave Studies in Gender and Education. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Poston, D.L., Zhang, L., 2009. China’s Unbalanced Sex Ratio at Birth: How Many Surplus Boys Have Been Born in China Since the 1980s?, in: Poston, D.L., Tucker, J., Ren, Q., Gu, B., Zheng, X., Wang, S., Russell, C. (Eds.), Gender Policy and HIV in China: Catalyzing Policy Change, The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 57–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Chronic Pot Smoking Associated With Reduced Gray Matter, But Increased Connections [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Need for a Government-Wide Budget Classification Structure for Federal Research and Development Information, Appendix IV (No. PAD-77-14A). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nasiriamini, S., 2010. The need for adaptive network application architectures (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., 2017. ADP Says Activist Investor Seeks Half Of Its Board Seats and a New C.E.O. New York Times B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lodge, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lundstrom, 2003; Pennisi, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carlip and Vaidya, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Koide et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Sci. (China)
ISSN (print)1001-0742
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
General Medicine

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