How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cosgrove, D.J., 2000. Loosening of plant cell walls by expansins. Nature 407, 321–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
He, X.-L., Garcia, K.C., 2004. Structure of nerve growth factor complexed with the shared neurotrophin receptor p75. Science 304, 870–875.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lourens, L.J., Wehausen, R., Brumsack, H.J., 2001. Geological constraints on tidal dissipation and dynamical ellipticity of the Earth over the past three million years. Nature 409, 1029–1033.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hu, Q.-H., Liu, R.-J., Fang, Z.-P., Zhang, J., Ding, Y.-Y., Tan, M., Wang, M., Pan, W., Zhou, H.-C., Wang, E.-D., 2013. Discovery of a potent benzoxaborole-based anti-pneumococcal agent targeting leucyl-tRNA synthetase. Sci. Rep. 3, 2475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia, T., Anzur, T., 2011. Power Performance. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Kudo, G. (Ed.), 2016. Structure and Function of Mountain Ecosystems in Japan: Biodiversity and Vulnerability to Climate Change, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Ecological Research Monographs. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, L., Wong, P.K., 2006. Entrepreneurship Education—A Compendium of Related Issues, in: Parker, S. (Ed.), The Life Cycle of Entrepreneurial Ventures, International Handbook Series on Entrepreneurship. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 79–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Sciences.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. Republicans Launch Attempt To Repeal Endangered Species Act [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Examination of the Circumstances Surrounding a Grant Awarded by the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration (No. EMD-78-13). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stahl-Kovell, D.W., 2014. Reimagining red power: Native American community, activism, and academics in postwar America (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robertson, C., Blinder, A., 2016. Grim View Emerges as Louisiana Flood Recedes. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cosgrove, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cosgrove, 2000; He and Garcia, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (He and Garcia, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Sci. (China)
ISSN (print)1001-0742
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
General Medicine

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