How to format your references using the Current Pharmaceutical Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Pharmaceutical Design (CPD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldemberg J. Ethanol for a sustainable energy future 2007; 315: 808–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butchart N, Scaife AA. Removal of chlorofluorocarbons by increased mass exchange between the stratosphere and troposphere in a changing climate 2001; 410: 799–802.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki G, Shimazu N, Tanaka M. A yeast prion, Mod5, promotes acquired drug resistance and cell survival under environmental stress 2012; 336: 355–59.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang L, Wu T, Guo Y, Zhao Y, Sun X, Wen Y, et al. Large-area, flexible imaging arrays constructed by light-charge organic memories 2013; 3: 1080.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg MA, Froum SJ. The Dentist’s Drug and Prescription Guide. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
Guarnieri FA, editor. Corneal Biomechanics and Refractive Surgery. New York, NY: Springer 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Lucas JC, Schroeder D, Chennells R, Chaturvedi S, Feinholz D. Sharing Traditional Knowledge: Who benefits? Cases from India, Nigeria, Mexico and South Africa. In: Schroeder D, Cook Lucas J, Eds. Benefit Sharing: From Biodiversity to Human Genetics.; Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands 2013; pp. 65–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Pharmaceutical Design.

Blog post
Andrew E. SpaceX Rocket Explodes Minutes After Launch [homepage on the Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience, 2015. [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from: (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Satellite Costs Have Increased: Problems Have Occurred in Their Manufacturing Quality Control. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ahmed S. Human fatigue in prolonged mentally demanding work-tasks: An observational study in the field. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. S.&P. Says Cost to Care For Elderly Will Spiral 2010: B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Pharmaceutical Design
AbbreviationCurr. Pharm. Des.
ISSN (print)1381-6128
ISSN (online)1873-4286
ScopeDrug Discovery

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