How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Saksida, L.M. Neuroscience. Remembering outside the box. Science 2009, 325(5936), 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] King, C.-Y.; Diaz-Avalos, R. Protein-only transmission of three yeast prion strains. Nature 2004, 428(6980), 319–323.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Chen, M.; McCauley, J.W.; Hemker, K.J. Shock-induced localized amorphization in boron carbide. Science 2003, 299(5612), 1563–1566.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1] Hauert, C.; Traulsen, A.; Brandt, H.; Nowak, M.A.; Sigmund, K. Via freedom to coercion: the emergence of costly punishment. Science 2007, 316(5833), 1905–1907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] Perlmutter, D.D.; Rothstein, R.L. The Challenge of Climate Change. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
[1] Müller, P. Bayesian Nonparametric Data Analysis. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; XIV, 193 p. 59 illus., 10 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Nicolau, M.; Costelloe, D. Size Does Not Matter: Evolving Parameters for a Cayley Graph Visualiser Using 64 Bits. In Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design: Third European Conference, EvoMUSART 2014, Granada, Spain, April 23-25, 2014, Revised Selected Papers; Romero, J., McDermott, J., Correia, J., Eds.Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A.

Blog post
[1] Andrews, R. Groundbreaking Test For Parkinson’s Disease Could Lead To Early Detection. (accessed Oct. 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office. Prekindergarten: Four Selected States Expanded Access by Relying on Schools and Existing Providers of Early Education and Care to Provide Services. 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Cisewski, J. Generalized Fiducial Inference for Mixed Linear Models. Doctoral dissertation,  2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Sisario, B. Lana Del Rey Tops Delayed Billboard Chart. New York Times. , C3. 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Sci. Health A Tox. Hazard. Subst. Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1093-4529
ISSN (online)1532-4117
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
General Medicine

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