How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Bignami, G.F. A 1,000-year chain of thinkers. Nature 2000, 404(6775), 227.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Johnson, E.J.; Goldstein, D. Medicine. Do defaults save lives? Science 2003, 302(5649), 1338–1339.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Zwerger, M.; Briegel, H.J.; Dür, W. Hybrid architecture for encoded measurement-based quantum computation. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5364.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1] White, R.M.; Cech, J.; Ratanasirintrawoot, S.; Lin, C.Y.; Rahl, P.B.; Burke, C.J.; Langdon, E.; Tomlinson, M.L.; Mosher, J.; Kaufman, C.; Chen, F.; Long, H.K.; Kramer, M.; Datta, S.; Neuberg, D.; Granter, S.; Young, R.A.; Morrison, S.; Wheeler, G.N.; Zon, L.I. DHODH modulates transcriptional elongation in the neural crest and melanoma. Nature 2011, 471(7339), 518–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] Warren, A. Dunes. John Wiley & Sons: Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
[1] Vaidya, S.; Jain, L.C.; Yoshida, H. (Eds). Advanced Computational Intelligence Paradigms in Healthcare-2. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; IX, 150 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Propp, S.; Forbrig, P. ViSE – A Virtual Smart Environment for Usability Evaluation. In Human-Centred Software Engineering: Third International Conference, HCSE 2010, Reykjavik, Iceland, October 14-15, 2010. Proceedings; Bernhaupt, R., Forbrig, P., Gulliksen, J., Lárusdóttir, M., Eds.Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; 38–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A.

Blog post
[1] Andrew, E. Stephen Hawking Announces $100 Million Pledge To Search For Intelligent Extraterrestrial Life. (accessed Oct. 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office. Biotechnology: Delays in and Status of EPA’s Efforts to Issue a TSCA Regulation. 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Huang, J. Multispectral Imaging of Skin Oxygenation. Doctoral dissertation,  2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Eder, S.; Silver-Greenberg, J.; Cowley, S. Watchdog Targeted as an Obama-Era Holdover. New York Times. , A1. 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Sci. Health A Tox. Hazard. Subst. Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1093-4529
ISSN (online)1532-4117
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
General Medicine

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