How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Gravitz, L. Therapy: This time it’s personal. Nature 2014, 509(7502), S52-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Lane, N.; Martin, W. The energetics of genome complexity. Nature 2010, 467(7318), 929–934.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Rabitz, H.A.; Hsieh, M.M.; Rosenthal, C.M. Quantum optimally controlled transition landscapes. Science 2004, 303(5666), 1998–2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1] Zhang, Y.; Wei, T.; Dong, W.; Zhang, K.; Sun, Y.; Chen, X.; Dai, N. Vapor-deposited amorphous metamaterials as visible near-perfect absorbers with random non-prefabricated metal nanoparticles. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4850.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] Dunnivant, F.M. Environmental Laboratory Exercises for Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2004.
An edited book
[1] Aleven, V.; Kay, J.; Mostow, J. (Eds). Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 10th International Conference, ITS 2010, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, June 14-18, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; XXIX, 461 p. 88 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Kumano, H.; Suemune, I.; Kishino, K.; Fujita, S.; Sandhu, A.; Suzuki, N.; Ohkawa, K. Novel Nano-Heterostructure Materials and Related Devices. In Wide Bandgap Semiconductors: Fundamental Properties and Modern Photonic and Electronic Devices; Takahashi, K., Yoshikawa, A., Sandhu, A., Eds.Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; 281–327.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A.

Blog post
[1] Luntz, S. New Fungal Find Suggests Dinosaurs Did Drugs Too. (accessed Oct. 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office. Ocean Research Fleet: Contracting Practices for Repair of NOAA Ships. 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Kolb, J.N. What’s Professional Development Got to Do with It? The Value of Lesson Study in Implementing the Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practices. Doctoral dissertation, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Wilford, J.N. Antiquity on the Clock. New York Times. , D3. 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Sci. Health A Tox. Hazard. Subst. Environ. Eng.
ISSN (print)1093-4529
ISSN (online)1532-4117
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
General Medicine

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