How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Planning and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spiegel, Allen. 2003. “Cell Signaling. Beta-Arrestin--Not Just for G Protein-Coupled Receptors.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5638): 1338–1339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poon, Andy C., and James E. Ferrell Jr. 2007. “Systems Biology. A Clock with a Flip Switch.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5851): 757–758.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomonaga, Masaki, Yuka Uwano, and Toyoshi Saito. 2014. “How Dolphins See the World: A Comparison with Chimpanzees and Humans.” Scientific Reports 4 (January): 3717.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Du, Dong-Ying, Jun-Sheng Qin, Zhong Sun, Li-Kai Yan, Michael O’Keeffe, Zhong-Min Su, Shun-Li Li, Xiao-Hong Wang, Xin-Long Wang, and Ya-Qian Lan. 2013. “An Unprecedented (3,4,24)-Connected Heteropolyoxozincate Organic Framework as Heterogeneous Crystalline Lewis Acid Catalyst for Biodiesel Production.” Scientific Reports 3: 2616.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. 2014. MAK- Und BAT-Werte-Liste 2014. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Goodloe, Alwyn E., and Suzette Person, eds. 2012. NASA Formal Methods: 4th International Symposium, NFM 2012, Norfolk, VA, USA, April 3-5, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7226. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Filho, Fernando Ferrari. 2016. “The Economic Policies and Performance of Brazil’s Leftist Government: A Critical Analysis.” In The Brazilian Economy Today: Towards a New Socio-Economic Model?, edited by Anthony W. Pereira and Lauro Mattei, 77–87. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Planning and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Dead Zebra Bursts a Fountain of Blood over a Hungry Leopard.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Department of Transportation: Flexible Funding Within Federal Highway Programs. RCED-97-233R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munn, Jamie E. 2017. “Information Technology Certification Training Implementation: Exploratory Case Study of Air Force and Civilian Leaders Experiences.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, Elizabeth A., and Colin Moynihan. 2014. “Brooklyn Teacher Is Accused of Abusing Girls for 3 Years.” New York Times, October 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spiegel 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Spiegel 2003; Poon and Ferrell 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poon and Ferrell 2007)
  • Three authors: (Tomonaga, Uwano, and Saito 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Du et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Plan. Manag.
ISSN (print)0964-0568
ISSN (online)1360-0559
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles