How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Planning and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buzsáki, György. 2007. “The Structure of Consciousness.” Nature 446 (7133): 267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hutvágner, György, and Phillip D. Zamore. 2002. “A MicroRNA in a Multiple-Turnover RNAi Enzyme Complex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5589): 2056–2060.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishida, Kiwamu, Jean-Paul Montagner, and Hitoshi Kawakatsu. 2009. “Global Surface Wave Tomography Using Seismic Hum.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5949): 112.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ross, S. R., K. E. Lukas, E. V. Lonsdorf, T. S. Stoinski, B. Hare, R. Shumaker, and J. Goodall. 2008. “Science Priorities. Inappropriate Use and Portrayal of Chimpanzees.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5869): 1487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scot, Laurence. 2010. The Simplified Guide to Not-for-Profit Accounting, Formation, and Reporting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bault, Jean-Philippe. 2015. The Normal and Pathological Fetal Brain: Ultrasonographic Features. Edited by Laurence Loeuillet. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Henning, Michael A., and Anders Yeo. 2013. “Total Domination in Trees.” In Total Domination in Graphs, edited by Anders Yeo, 31–38. Springer Monographs in Mathematics. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Planning and Management.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “Subway’s ‘Chicken’ Contains Just 50 Percent Chicken DNA, Says Investigation.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Measuring Performance: The Advanced Technology Program and Private-Sector Funding. RCED-96-47. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wahl, Stacy E. 2008. “Registered Nurse Preceptorship Orientation: A Study of the Relationship between Burnout Rates of New Graduates and Number of Preceptors Worked with in the Clinical Orientation Phase.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philpott, Mary Laura. 2017. “Finding What I Need at the Mall.” New York Times, March 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buzsáki 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Buzsáki 2007; Hutvágner and Zamore 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hutvágner and Zamore 2002)
  • Three authors: (Nishida, Montagner, and Kawakatsu 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ross et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Plan. Manag.
ISSN (print)0964-0568
ISSN (online)1360-0559
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles