How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Planning and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perez, Daniel R. 2012. “Public Health and Biosecurity. H5N1 Debates: Hung up on the Wrong Questions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6070): 799–801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss, Jérôme, and David Marsan. 2003. “Three-Dimensional Mapping of Dislocation Avalanches: Clustering and Space/Time Coupling.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5603): 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ammerman, Albert J., Ron Pinhasi, and Eszter Bánffy. 2006. “Comment on ‘Ancient DNA from the First European Farmers in 7500-Year-Old Neolithic Sites.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5782): 1875; author reply 1875.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Beckman, Robert, Ezekiel Johnston-Halperin, Yi Luo, Jonathan E. Green, and James R. Heath. 2005. “Bridging Dimensions: Demultiplexing Ultrahigh-Density Nanowire Circuits.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5747): 465–468.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shook, John R. 2010. The God Debates. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Vega, William A., Kyriakos S. Markides, Jacqueline L. Angel, and Fernando M. Torres-Gil, eds. 2015. Challenges of Latino Aging in the Americas. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Razavi, Sayede Houri, E. Omid Mahdi Ebadati, Shahrokh Asadi, and Harleen Kaur. 2015. “An Efficient Grouping Genetic Algorithm for Data Clustering and Big Data Analysis.” In Computational Intelligence for Big Data Analysis: Frontier Advances and Applications, edited by D. P. Acharjya, Satchidananda Dehuri, and Sugata Sanyal, 119–142. Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Planning and Management.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Zoo Elephants’ Welfare Is More Affected By Social Interaction Than Enclosure Size.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Motor Vehicle Safety: Information on Accidental Fires in Manufacturing Air Bag Propellant. RCED-90-230. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McFarland-Mancini, Molly. 2006. “Prolactin Production by Human Breast Adipose Tissue and Adipocytes.” Doctoral dissertation, Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2003. “Some Koreans Give Their Teachers the Whole Apple Tree ..” New York Times, May 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perez 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Perez 2012; Weiss and Marsan 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiss and Marsan 2003)
  • Three authors: (Ammerman, Pinhasi, and Bánffy 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Beckman et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Plan. Manag.
ISSN (print)0964-0568
ISSN (online)1360-0559
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles