How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Planning and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McFiggans, Gordon. 2014. “Atmospheric Science: Involatile Particles from Rapid Oxidation.” Nature 506 (7489): 442–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, Marcus C. S., and Randy Schekman. 2004. “Cell Biology. BAR Domains Go on a Bender.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5657): 479–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mosey, Nicholas J., Martin H. Müser, and Tom K. Woo. 2005. “Molecular Mechanisms for the Functionality of Lubricant Additives.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5715): 1612–1615.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Baillie, J. Kenneth, Mark W. Barnett, Kyle R. Upton, Daniel J. Gerhardt, Todd A. Richmond, Fioravante De Sapio, Paul M. Brennan, et al. 2011. “Somatic Retrotransposition Alters the Genetic Landscape of the Human Brain.” Nature 479 (7374): 534–537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gadd, Karen. 2011. TRIZ for Engineers: Enabling Inventive Problem Solving. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ćulibrk, Dubravko. 2014. Sensing Technologies For Precision Irrigation. Edited by Dejan Vukobratovic, Vladan Minic, Marta Alonso Fernandez, Javier Alvarez Osuna, and Vladimir Crnojevic. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bokalič, Matevž, and Marko Topič. 2015. “CdTe Solar Cells.” In Spatially Resolved Characterization in Thin-Film Photovoltaics, edited by Marko Topič, 53–65. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Planning and Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2017. “April Fools’ Day Comet To Swing By Earth This Weekend.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Women’s Educational Equity Act: A Review of Program Goals and Strategies Needed. PEMD-95-6. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mantilla, Alicia N. 2012. “The Differences in the Educational Experiences and Caregiver Involvement in Education between Youth in Foster Care and Those in Care of Their Biological Parents.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2009. “For the Stressed Business Owner, a Range of Pursuits to Revive the Spirit.” New York Times, September 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McFiggans 2014).
This sentence cites two references (McFiggans 2014; Lee and Schekman 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Schekman 2004)
  • Three authors: (Mosey, Müser, and Woo 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Baillie et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Plan. Manag.
ISSN (print)0964-0568
ISSN (online)1360-0559
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles