How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Planning and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, David. 2002. “Royal Institution’s Director Blasts Scientific Sexism.” Nature 420 (6915): 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marsan, David, and Olivier Lengliné. 2008. “Extending Earthquakes’ Reach through Cascading.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5866): 1076–1079.
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams, Christopher C., Calvin H. Jan, and Jonathan S. Weissman. 2014. “Targeting and Plasticity of Mitochondrial Proteins Revealed by Proximity-Specific Ribosome Profiling.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6210): 748–751.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lam, Tony K. T., Roger Gutierrez-Juarez, Alessandro Pocai, and Luciano Rossetti. 2005. “Regulation of Blood Glucose by Hypothalamic Pyruvate Metabolism.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5736): 943–947.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eicker, Ursula. 2005. Solar Technologies for Buildings. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kowarik, Ingo, and Stefan Körner, eds. 2005. Wild Urban Woodlands: New Perspectives for Urban Forestry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kern, Timothy S. 2008. “Animal Models of Diabetic Retinopathy.” In Retinal and Choroidal Angiogenesis, edited by J. S. Penn, 81–102. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Planning and Management.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “World’s Largest Wasp Nest Found In Tasmania.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Tax Preparers: Oregon’s Regulatory Regime May Lead to Improved Federal Tax Return Accuracy and Provides a Possible Model for National Regulation. GAO-08-781. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bergemann, Eric. 2009. “Exploring Psychotherapist Empathic Attunement from a Psychoneurobiological Perspective: Is Empathy Enhanced by Yoga and Meditation?” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2011. “Sip, Munch and Cheer.” New York Times, February 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Adam 2002; Marsan and Lengliné 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marsan and Lengliné 2008)
  • Three authors: (Williams, Jan, and Weissman 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lam et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Plan. Manag.
ISSN (print)0964-0568
ISSN (online)1360-0559
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Environmental Science
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles