How to format your references using the Applied Adhesion Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Adhesion Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brophy PJ. Microbiology. Subversion of Schwann cells and the leper’s bell. Science. 2002;296:862–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Blander JM, Medzhitov R. Toll-dependent selection of microbial antigens for presentation by dendritic cells. Nature. 2006;440:808–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Farkas I, Helbing D, Vicsek T. Mexican waves in an excitable medium. Nature. 2002;419:131–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tabuchi K, Blundell J, Etherton MR, Hammer RE, Liu X, Powell CM, et al. A neuroligin-3 mutation implicated in autism increases inhibitory synaptic transmission in mice. Science. 2007;318:71–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lakshminarayana B. Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer of Turbomachinery. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Cheung SKS, Kwok L-F, Yang H, Fong J, Kwan R, editors. Hybrid Learning: Innovation in Educational Practices: 8th International Conference, ICHL 2015, Wuhan, China, July 27-29, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Morgado C, Leitão T, Cunha JC. An Approach for Characterizing Group-Based Interactive Environments. In: Lai C, Giuliani A, Semeraro G, editors. Distributed Systems and Applications of Information Filtering and Retrieval: DART 2012: Revised and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 79–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Adhesion Science.

Blog post
1. Fang J. New Species Of Snail Named For Marriage Equality [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-hermaphrodite-snail-named-marriage-equality/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Federal Interest in Legislative-Administrative Relations in the States. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Apr. Report No.: 114840.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kunihiro AG. The relationship between dietary omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid intake and colorectal cancer [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. Robert Caro Nears End Of Research on L.B.J. New York Times. 2017 Jun 2;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Adhesion Science
AbbreviationAppl. Adhes. Sci.
ISSN (online)2196-4351
Scope

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