How to format your references using the Applied Adhesion Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Adhesion Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Maquat LE. Molecular biology. Skiing toward nonstop mRNA decay. Science. 2002;295:2221–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mathieu RD, Geller AM. A binary star fraction of 76 per cent and unusual orbit parameters for the blue stragglers of NGC 188. Nature. 2009;462:1032–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rouse GW, Goffredi SK, Vrijenhoek RC. Osedax: bone-eating marine worms with dwarf males. Science. 2004;305:668–71.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li JJ, Zang XF, Mao JF, Tang M, Zhu YM, Zhuang SL. Overlapped optics induced perfect coherent effects. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3569.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ni Z, Pacoret C, Benosman R, Régnier S. Haptic Feedback Teleoperation of Optical Tweezers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Marder SR, Lee K-S, editors. Photoresponsive Polymers II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Khong TY. Spontaneous Abortion and the Pathology of Early Pregnancy. In: Keeling JW, Khong TY, editors. Fetal and Neonatal Pathology. London: Springer; 2007. p. 102–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Adhesion Science.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Precision Medicine Offers The Hope Of Cures Made Just For You [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/precision-medicine-offers-hope-cures-made-just-you/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Pell Grant Validation Imposes Some Costs and Does Not Greatly Reduce Award Errors: New Strategies Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Sep. Report No.: PEMD-85-10.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Jennings S. Hiring, promotions, and identity negotiation of female hiring agents in American corporate retail [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. In Detroit Ruling, Threats to Promises and Assumptions. New York Times. 2013 Dec 5;A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Adhesion Science
AbbreviationAppl. Adhes. Sci.
ISSN (online)2196-4351
Scope

Other styles