How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snow, R.W., 2004. The invisible victims. Nature 430, 934–935.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephenson, N.L., Das, A.J., 2011. Comment on “Changes in climatic water balance drive downhill shifts in plant species’ optimum elevations.” Science 334, 177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, M.H., Bewsher, D., Brown, D.S., 2013. Imaging of a circumsolar dust ring near the orbit of Venus. Science 342, 960–963.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fritzsch, B., Piatigorsky, J., Tessmar-Raible, K., Jékely, G., Guy, K., Raible, F., Wittbrodt, J., Arendt, D., 2005. Ancestry of Photic and Mechanic Sensation? Science 308, 1113–1114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, Z.N., Chia, M.Y.W., 2006. Broadband Planar Antennas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kachroo, P.P.E., Amin Wadoo, S., Al-nasur, S.J., Shende, A. (Eds.), 2008. Pedestrian Dynamics: Feedback Control of Crowd Evacuation, Understanding Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gheorghe, G., Neuhaus, S., Crispo, B., 2010. xESB: An Enterprise Service Bus for Access and Usage Control Policy Enforcement, in: Nishigaki, M., Jøsang, A., Murayama, Y., Marsh, S. (Eds.), Trust Management IV: 4th IFIP WG 11.11 International Conference, IFIPTM 2010, Morioka, Japan, June 16-18, 2010. Proceedings, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. The Close Door Buttons On Elevators Do Absolutely Nothing At All [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Space-Based Lasers (No. 117803). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
van der Steen, R., 2015. Intended infidelity: Male-female differences in intention-behavior congruence and the relative prediction power of gender, relationship and individual difference variables (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. Frequent Fliers: Takeout Menus Can’t Compete With Politics. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Snow, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Snow, 2004; Stephenson and Das, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stephenson and Das, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Fritzsch et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Manage.
ISSN (print)0301-4797
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles