How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac, K., 2015. Batteries: 4 big questions. Nature 526, S105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Audet, P., Bürgmann, R., 2014. Possible control of subduction zone slow-earthquake periodicity by silica enrichment. Nature 510, 389–392.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eerenstein, W., Mathur, N.D., Scott, J.F., 2006. Multiferroic and magnetoelectric materials. Nature 442, 759–765.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yildiz, A., Tomishige, M., Vale, R.D., Selvin, P.R., 2004. Kinesin walks hand-over-hand. Science 303, 676–678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hagen, J., 2017. Chemiereaktoren. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Simmons, K., 2009. Pro SQL Server 2008 Administration. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Atweh, B., 2011. Quality and Equity in Mathematics Education as Ethical Issues, in: Atweh, B., Graven, M., Secada, W., Valero, P. (Eds.), Mapping Equity and Quality in Mathematics Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Stressed Out Baby Birds Ignore Their Parents [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/stressed-out-baby-birds-dont-listen-their-parents/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in NOAA’s Mitigation Strategies as It Prepares for Potential Satellite Coverage Gaps (No. GAO-15-386T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, A.J., 2017. An Examination of Cultures of Innovation within Esoteric Technology Provider: A Look into Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fausset, R., 2017. After Proudly Defying Washington, Hard-Hit Texas Needs Its Aid. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourzac, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Audet and Bürgmann, 2014; Bourzac, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Audet and Bürgmann, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yildiz et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Manage.
ISSN (print)0301-4797
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

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