How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chamberlin, R.V., 2000. Mean-field cluster model for the critical behaviour of ferromagnets. Nature 408, 337–339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bloom, K., Joglekar, A., 2010. Towards building a chromosome segregation machine. Nature 463, 446–456.
A journal article with 3 authors
David, S.S., O’Shea, V.L., Kundu, S., 2007. Base-excision repair of oxidative DNA damage. Nature 447, 941–950.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, J.Z., Mordy, C.W., Gordon, L.I., Ross, A., Garcia, H.E., Pahlow, M., Riebesell, U., 2000. Temporal trends in deep ocean redfield ratios. Science 289, 1839a.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mynbaev, K.T., 2011. Short-Memory Linear Processes and Econometric Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Shaari, K.Z.K., Awang, M. (Eds.), 2015. Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics, Advanced Structured Materials. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Koshy, K., Stevenson, L.A., Boonjawat, J., Campbell, J.R., Ebi, K.L., Lotia, H., Zondervan, R., 2014. Climate and Society, in: Manton, M., Stevenson, L.A. (Eds.), Climate in Asia and the Pacific: Security, Society and Sustainability, Advances in Global Change Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 199–252.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Philae Detected Organic Molecules On Comet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Legislative and Regulatory Actions Needed To Deal With a Changing Domestic Telecommunications Industry (No. CED-81-136). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dhah, S., 2015. The relationship between job-embedded professional development and special education teacher self-efficacy in hard-to-staff middle schools (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. A Hospital, Once Afloat, Is Buoyant With Over a Century of Memories. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chamberlin, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bloom and Joglekar, 2010; Chamberlin, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bloom and Joglekar, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Manage.
ISSN (print)0301-4797
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles