How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, J.R., 2000. ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: Privatizing the University--the New Tragedy of the Commons. Science 290, 1701–1702.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chakraborty, A., Bandyopadhyay, S., 2013. FOGSAA: Fast Optimal Global Sequence Alignment Algorithm. Sci. Rep. 3, 1746.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whittington, A.G., Hofmeister, A.M., Nabelek, P.I., 2009. Temperature-dependent thermal diffusivity of the Earth’s crust and implications for magmatism. Nature 458, 319–321.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, Y.T., Zhang, B., Zheng, S.J., Wang, J., San, X.Y., Ma, X.L., 2014. Atomic-scale decoration for improving the pitting corrosion resistance of austenitic stainless steels. Sci. Rep. 4, 3604.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schlechty, P.C., 2009. Leading for Learning. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Lin, C.-Y., Xue, N., Zhao, D., Huang, X., Feng, Y. (Eds.), 2016. Natural Language Understanding and Intelligent Applications: 5th CCF Conference on Natural Language Processing and Chinese Computing, NLPCC 2016, and 24th International Conference on Computer Processing of Oriental Languages, ICCPOL 2016, Kunming, China, December 2–6, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Mourek, J., Miko, L., 2010. Ontogeny of the famulus in selected members of Damaeidae (Acari: Oribatida) and its suitability as a phylogenetic marker, in: Sabelis, M.W., Bruin, J. (Eds.), Trends in Acarology: Proceedings of the 12th International Congress. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 31–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Ketamine: Painkiller, Party Drug – And Possibly Next-Generation Antidepressant [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Land Management Systems: Actions Needed in Completing the Automated Land and Mineral Record System Development (No. AIMD-98-107). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ball-Miles, N.M., 2014. The relationship between witnessing verbal marital conflict as a child and the behavioral anger responses in adulthood (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cave, D., Kwai, I., 2017. Drug Trafficker and Australian Obsession Returns Home. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Swisher, 2000; Zewail, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chakraborty and Bandyopadhyay, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Harris et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Manage.
ISSN (print)0301-4797
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles