How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norreys, P.A., 2010. Physics. Controlling implosion symmetry around a deuterium-tritium target. Science 327, 1208–1210.
A journal article with 2 authors
Irwing, P., Lynn, R., 2006. Intelligence: is there a sex difference in IQ scores? Nature 442, E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fu, Y., Xu, Y., Chen, H., 2014. Additional modes in a waveguide system of zero-index-metamaterials with defects. Sci. Rep. 4, 6428.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shen, Y., Joachimiak, A., Rosner, M.R., Tang, W.-J., 2006. Structures of human insulin-degrading enzyme reveal a new substrate recognition mechanism. Nature 443, 870–874.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kar, P., 2013. Doping in Conjugated Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sharma, J.N. (Ed.), 2014. Recent Developments in the Regulation of Kinins, Progress in Drug Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Dinh, T.-C., Sibony, N., 2010. Dynamics in Several Complex Variables: Endomorphisms of Projective Spaces and Polynomial-like Mappings, in: Bedford, E., Brunella, M., Dinh, T.-C., Schleicher, D., Sibony, N., Gentili, G., Guenot, J., Patrizio, G. (Eds.), Holomorphic Dynamical Systems: Cetraro, Italy, July 7-12, 2008, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 165–294.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Management.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. Pollution In The Arctic Is So Bad, Polar Bear Cubs Are Feeding On Contaminated Mothers’ Milk [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Ed-Flex Program: Increase in Flexibility Useful but Limited by Scope of Waiver Authority (No. T-HEHS-99-67). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford, J., 2010. What is old is new again: The role of discontinuity in nostalgia-related consumption (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MONICA KELLY; Monica Kelly lives in Larchmont, 1988. Three Crows Cause a Neighbor to Take Flights of Fancy. New York Times 12WC32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norreys, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Irwing and Lynn, 2006; Norreys, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Irwing and Lynn, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Manage.
ISSN (print)0301-4797
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles