How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2005. To plan...or not to plan? Nature 435, 381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Badzey, R.L., Mohanty, P., 2005. Coherent signal amplification in bistable nanomechanical oscillators by stochastic resonance. Nature 437, 995–998.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gibbs, K.A., Urbanowski, M.L., Greenberg, E.P., 2008. Genetic determinants of self identity and social recognition in bacteria. Science 321, 256–259.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boon, J.-P., Casti, J., Djerassi, C., Johnson, J., Lovett, A., Norretranders, T., Patera, V., Sommerer, C., Taylor, R., Thurner, S., 2006. A concrete example. Nature 444, 122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shapiro, I.M., 2016. Energy Audits and Improvements for Commercial Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Camarinha-Matos, L.M., Xu, L., Afsarmanesh, H. (Eds.), 2012. Collaborative Networks in the Internet of Services: 13th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2012, Bournemouth, UK, October 1-3, 2012. Proceedings, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Scala, R., 2010. Ventilators for Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation, in: Esquinas, A.M. (Ed.), Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation: Theory, Equipment, and Clinical Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 27–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Management.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Has Metallic Hydrogen Been Achieved For The First Time? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Information Technology Workers: Employment and Starting Salaries (No. HEHS-98-159R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alnuaimi, A.N., 2017. The Outside-In Method for Sustainable Design Within the Built Environment Spatial Layers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Undeclared Candidate; Perot Stresses Homey Image, But the Image Is No Accident. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Badzey and Mohanty, 2005; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Badzey and Mohanty, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Boon et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Management
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Manage.
ISSN (print)0301-4797
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

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