How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Banin, Planetary science. The enigma of the martian soil, Science. 309 (2005) 888–890.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.R. Spencer, T. Denk, Formation of Iapetus’ extreme albedo dichotomy by exogenically triggered thermal ice migration, Science. 327 (2010) 432–435.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. McAlary, J.J. Yerbury, J.A. Aquilina, Glutathionylation potentiates benign superoxide dismutase 1 variants to the toxic forms associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3275.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.M. Dambacher, P.A. Rossignol, H.W. Li, J.M. Emlen, Dam breaching and chinook salmon recovery, Science. 291 (2001) 939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Padova, Adobe® Acrobat® X PDF Bible, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2011.
An edited book
A. Das, Socio-Economic Analysis of Arsenic Contamination of Groundwater in West Bengal, 1st ed. 2016, Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Tohyama, K. Fukuda, Future Treatment of Heart Failure Using Human iPSC-Derived Cardiomyocytes, in: T. Nakanishi, R.R. Markwald, H.S. Baldwin, B.B. Keller, D. Srivastava, H. Yamagishi (Eds.), Etiology and Morphogenesis of Congenital Heart Disease: From Gene Function and Cellular Interaction to Morphology, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2016: pp. 25–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Why Are Some Generic Drugs Getting So Expensive?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Air Force Aircraft: Reorganizing Mobility Aircraft Units Could Reduce Costs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Ratzlaff, Dynamics of chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) infection in amphibians in the Rincon Mountains and Tucson, Arizona, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Floods Wreak Havoc, New York Times. (2002) A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)2211-3398
ScopeGeneral Energy

Other styles