How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Colegrave, Sex releases the speed limit on evolution, Nature. 420 (2002) 664–666.
A journal article with 2 authors
F.V. Mariani, G.R. Martin, Deciphering skeletal patterning: clues from the limb, Nature. 423 (2003) 319–325.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.L. Freimund, K. Aflatooni, H. Batelaan, Observation of the Kapitza-Dirac effect, Nature. 413 (2001) 142–143.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Venkataraman, J.E. Klare, C. Nuckolls, M.S. Hybertsen, M.L. Steigerwald, Dependence of single-molecule junction conductance on molecular conformation, Nature. 442 (2006) 904–907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Davino, M. Furno, D. Vistocco, Quantile Regression: Theory and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, 2014.
An edited book
R.C.R. Siekmann, J. Soek, eds., Lex Sportiva: What is Sports Law?, T. M. C. Asser Press, The Hague, The Netherlands, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Baldacchino, A Fresh Consideration of Development Strategies for Smaller Island States and Territories, in: G. Baldacchino, D. Niles (Eds.), Island Futures: Conservation and Development Across the Asia-Pacific Region, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2011: pp. 53–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
J. Fang, Why Do Dolphins and Whales Still Have Pelvic Bones? To Please the Ladies, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, K-12 Education: Selected States and School Districts Cited Numerous Federal Requirements As Burdensome, While Recognizing Some Benefits, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Chung, Quasi-one-dimensional modeling of an adiabatic-compression preheated Ludwieg tube, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Candaele, Caminiti’s Baseball Legacy, New York Times. (2004) 811.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)2211-3398
ScopeGeneral Energy

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