How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Flannery, Geology. North American devastation or global cataclysm?, Science. 294 (2001) 1668–1669.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Luksza, M. Lässig, A predictive fitness model for influenza, Nature. 507 (2014) 57–61.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.A. Hubbell, S.N. Thomas, M.A. Swartz, Materials engineering for immunomodulation, Nature. 462 (2009) 449–460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Ertekin-Taner, N. Graff-Radford, L.H. Younkin, C. Eckman, M. Baker, J. Adamson, J. Ronald, J. Blangero, M. Hutton, S.G. Younkin, Linkage of plasma Abeta42 to a quantitative locus on chromosome 10 in late-onset Alzheimer’s disease pedigrees, Science. 290 (2000) 2303–2304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Paterson, K. Tobias, Atlas of ear diseases of the dog and cat, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Y.L. Bai, Q.S. Zheng, Y.G. Wei, eds., IUTAM Symposium on Mechanical Behavior and Micro-Mechanics of Nanostructured Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Beijing, China, June 27–30, 2005, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Karim, A. Parida, O. Candell, U. Kumar, eMaintenance Industrial Applications: Issues and Challenges, in: J. Lee, J. Ni, J. Sarangapani, J. Mathew (Eds.), Engineering Asset Management 2011: Proceedings of the Sixth World Congress on Engineering Asset Management, Springer, London, 2014: pp. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
T. Hale, Watch: Snake Vomits Up Another LIVE SNAKE After Being Startled, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Launch System: Resources Need to be Matched to Requirements to Decrease Risk and Support Long Term Affordability, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Lam, A Mixed Methods Study Examining Teacher Impressions of a Psychoeducational Program on Common Issues During Childhood, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.M. Nir, J. Surico, Three Shots and an Officer Down: Gripping Testimony in Queens, New York Times. (2017) A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)2211-3398
ScopeGeneral Energy

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