How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Dresser, Research ethics. Aligning regulations and ethics in human research, Science. 337 (2012) 527–528.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Pizzari, T.R. Birkhead, Female feral fowl eject sperm of subdominant males, Nature. 405 (2000) 787–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Pavlov, J.I. Svendsen, S. Indrelid, Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago, Nature. 413 (2001) 64–67.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Hanaoka, F. Qian, A. Boletta, A.K. Bhunia, K. Piontek, L. Tsiokas, V.P. Sukhatme, W.B. Guggino, G.G. Germino, Co-assembly of polycystin-1 and -2 produces unique cation-permeable currents, Nature. 408 (2000) 990–994.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.J. Neff, R.C. Moss, The Future of Nonprofits, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
R. Conrady, M. Buck, eds., Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2007, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Brandão, M. Parente, A.R. Silva, T. Da Roza, T. Mascarenhas, I. Ramos, R.M. Natal Jorge, The Impairment of Female Pelvic Ligaments and Its Relation With Pelvic Floor Dysfunction: Biomechanical Analysis, in: J.M.R.S. Tavares, R.M. Natal Jorge (Eds.), Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences: Methods and Applications: ICCEBS 2013 -- International Conference on Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 63–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Regrowing Limbs: Fossils Reveal Ancient Secrets Of Salamander Ancestors, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Head Start: An Effective Program but the Fund Distribution Formula Needs Revision and Management Controls Need Improvement, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H.-C. Lin, Depression screening in ambulatory care, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, D.D. Kirkpatrick, Justices Loosen Ad Restrictions In Campaign Law, New York Times. (2007) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)2213-3437
ScopeChemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
Process Chemistry and Technology
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles