How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Robinson, Personal finance. So what should you invest in?, Science. 313 (2006) 1456.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Shin, K.-H. Cho, Recurrent connections form a phase-locking neuronal tuner for frequency-dependent selective communication, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2519.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.R. Beddington, D.J. Agnew, C.W. Clark, Current problems in the management of marine fisheries, Science. 316 (2007) 1713–1716.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Barthes, A. Bouhelier, A. Dereux, G. Colas des Francs, Coupling of a dipolar emitter into one-dimensional surface plasmon, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Kaplan, Maxima and Minima with Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 1998.
An edited book
S. Geva, J. Kamps, R. Schenkel, eds., Focused Retrieval of Content and Structure: 10th International Workshop of the Initiative for the Evaluation of XML Retrieval, INEX 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, December 12-14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
T.-L. Dragomir, F.-M. Petcuţ, A. Korodi, Reference Value Generator of Maximum Power Point Coordinates of the Photovoltaic Panel External Characteristic, in: V.E. Balas, J. Fodor, A.R. Várkonyi-Kóczy (Eds.), New Concepts and Applications in Soft Computing, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 71–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, According To Science, There’s No Such Thing As Race, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: FCC Should Take Steps to Ensure Equal Access to Rulemaking Information, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.L. Sutton, Alumni perceptions of the role of field education in professional preparation, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Bell Rings Again at Yankee Stadium, New York Times. (2010) D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)2213-3437
ScopeChemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
Process Chemistry and Technology
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles