How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Peters, Obituary: Saunders Mac Lane (1909-2005), Nature. 435 (2005) 292.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Qaim, D. Zilberman, Yield effects of genetically modified crops in developing countries, Science. 299 (2003) 900–902.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.M. Alexander, J.M. Diez, J.M. Levine, Novel competitors shape species’ responses to climate change, Nature. 525 (2015) 515–518.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F.-F. Soon, L.-M. Ng, X.E. Zhou, G.M. West, A. Kovach, M.H.E. Tan, K.M. Suino-Powell, Y. He, Y. Xu, M.J. Chalmers, J.S. Brunzelle, H. Zhang, H. Yang, H. Jiang, J. Li, E.-L. Yong, S. Cutler, J.-K. Zhu, P.R. Griffin, K. Melcher, H.E. Xu, Molecular mimicry regulates ABA signaling by SnRK2 kinases and PP2C phosphatases, Science. 335 (2012) 85–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.R. Wells, K. Chiang, Monetizing Your Data, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
Y.-W. Chen, L. C. Jain, eds., Subspace Methods for Pattern Recognition in Intelligent Environment, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Guck, H. Hatefi, H. Hermanns, J.-P. Katoen, M. Timmer, Modelling, Reduction and Analysis of Markov Automata, in: K. Joshi, M. Siegle, M. Stoelinga, P.R. D’Argenio (Eds.), Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 10th International Conference, QEST 2013, Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 27-30, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 55–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Banana Molecule Fights HIV And Hepatitis C, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway and Transit Investments: Flexible Funding Supports State and Local Transportation Priorities and Multimodal Planning, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.M. Limpert, A Qualitative Study of Learning Spaces at a Midwest Elementary School and its Relationship to Student Attitudes about Reading, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Harvey, Walker and Lagares Join the Mets’ Lengthy Injured List, New York Times. (2017) B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)2213-3437
ScopeChemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
Process Chemistry and Technology
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles