How to format your references using the HPV citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HPV. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochelle GT. Amine scrubbing for CO2 capture. Science. 2009 Sep 25;325(5948):1652–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Linhardt RJ, Toida T. Tech.Sight. Capillary electrophoresis. Ultra-high resolution separation comes of age. Science. 2002 Nov 15;298(5597):1441–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitaker RJ, Grogan DW, Taylor JW. Geographic barriers isolate endemic populations of hyperthermophilic archaea. Science. 2003 Aug 15;301(5635):976–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Davis MA, Chew MK, Hobbs RJ, Lugo AE, Ewel JJ, Vermeij GJ, et al. Don’t judge species on their origins. Nature. 2011 Jun 8;474(7350):153–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ushakov I. Probabilistic Reliability Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Fan Y, Fisher G, editors. Solar Flare Magnetic Fields and Plasmas. New York, NY: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Qiao YL, Lu ZM, Sun SH. Texture Segmentation Using Kernel-based Techniques. In: Elleithy K, Sobh T, Mahmood A, Iskander M, Karim M, editors. Advances in Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering: Proceedings of IETA 2005, TeNe 2005, EIAE 2005. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 20–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HPV.

Blog post
Andrew E. How To Teach All Students To Think Critically [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Assessing the Relationship between Education and the Workforce. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 May. Report No.: GAO-14-374.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lansdon J. A policy analysis of California’s three strikes law of 1994 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: New Law Restricts Religions. New York Times. 2002 Nov 2;A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rochelle 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Linhardt and Toida 2002; Rochelle 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Linhardt and Toida 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Davis et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleHPV
ISSN (print)2352-1716

Other styles