How to format your references using the HPV citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HPV. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell CT. Physics. The active site in nanoparticle gold catalysis. Science. 2004 Oct 8;306(5694):234–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Minkov M, Savona V. Automated optimization of photonic crystal slab cavities. Sci Rep. 2014 May 30;4:5124.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kühlbrandt W, Zeelen J, Dietrich J. Structure, mechanism, and regulation of the Neurospora plasma membrane H+-ATPase. Science. 2002 Sep 6;297(5587):1692–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Statnikov A, Alekseyenko AV, Li Z, Henaff M, Perez-Perez GI, Blaser MJ, et al. Microbiomic signatures of psoriasis: feasibility and methodology comparison. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2620.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Process Safety in Batch Reaction Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1999.
An edited book
Dodgson NA, Floater MS, Sabin MA, editors. Advances in Multiresolution for Geometric Modelling. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. (Mathematics and Visualization).
A chapter in an edited book
Maciocco G, Tagliagambe S. Projectual Intention and Collective Will. In: Tagliagambe S, editor. People and Space: New Forms of Interaction in the City Project. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 19–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HPV.

Blog post
Fang J. New Pulsar Resolution is One Million Times More Precise [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The First Step Toward Reform. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jan. Report No.: 147980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chon JY. Coping as a mediator of the relation between teacher perceived stress and teacher-student relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. The Surveillance State of Denmark. New York Times. 2017 Jul 24;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Campbell 2004; Minkov and Savona 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Minkov and Savona 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Statnikov et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHPV
ISSN (print)2352-1716

Other styles