How to format your references using the HPV citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HPV. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K. The staff dreams are made of. Nature. 2005 May 12;435(7039):242–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clauset A, Erwin DH. The evolution and distribution of species body size. Science. 2008 Jul 18;321(5887):399–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell RN, Kilian TM, Evans DAD. Supercontinent cycles and the calculation of absolute palaeolongitude in deep time. Nature. 2012 Feb 8;482(7384):208–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Adhyaksa GWP, Lee GI, Baek S-W, Lee J-Y, Kang JK. Broadband energy transfer to sensitizing dyes by mobile quantum dot mediators in solar cells. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2711.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yaacoub EE, Dawy Z. Resource Allocation in Uplink OFDMA Wireless Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Gaj P, Kwiecień A, Stera P, editors. Computer Networks: 23rd International Conference, CN 2016, Brunów, Poland, June 14-17, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 608).
A chapter in an edited book
ElMaraghy HA. Reconfigurable Process Plans For Responsive Manufacturing Systems. In: Cunha PF, Maropoulos PG, editors. Digital Enterprise Technology: Perspectives and Future Challenges. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. p. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HPV.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Watch The Incredible Moment Philae Landed on Comet 67P [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Medicare Providers Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jul. Report No.: AIMD-99-243.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bottorff AK. Evaluating summer school programs and the effect on student achievement: The correlation between Stanford-10 standardized test scores and two different summer programs [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Two Precincts, Two Worlds; East Flatbush: Stolen Cars, Murder in a Maroon Jeep. New York Times. 2003 Feb 9;141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Powell 2005; Clauset and Erwin 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clauset and Erwin 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Adhyaksa et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHPV
ISSN (print)2352-1716

Other styles