How to format your references using the HPV citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HPV. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luo Z-X. Transformation and diversification in early mammal evolution. Nature. 2007 Dec 13;450(7172):1011–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Indriolo E, Goring DR. Plant science. Pollen gets more complex. Science. 2010 Nov 5;330(6005):767–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barbot S, Lapusta N, Avouac J-P. Under the hood of the earthquake machine: toward predictive modeling of the seismic cycle. Science. 2012 May 11;336(6082):707–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hussey NE, Abdel-Jawad M, Carrington A, Mackenzie AP, Balicas L. A coherent three-dimensional Fermi surface in a high-transition-temperature superconductor. Nature. 2003 Oct 23;425(6960):814–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown C. Fibonacci Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Fernandez-Maloigne C, editor. Advanced Color Image Processing and Analysis. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Jendek E, Poláková J. Catalog Agrilus – Host Plants. In: Poláková J, editor. Host Plants of World Agrilus (Coleoptera, Buprestidae): A Critical Review. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 15–401.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HPV.

Blog post
Fang J. Visualizing 13 Billion Years of Cosmic Evolution [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Maritime Environment: Federal and State Actions, Expenditures, and Challenges to Addressing Abandoned and Derelict Vessels. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 Mar. Report No.: GAO-17-202.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dobson EC. Elizabeth C. Dobson Consulting and Design: A business plan for aging-in-place resources [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Reject Immunity Below State Level. New York Times. 2006 Apr 26;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Luo 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Luo 2007; Indriolo and Goring 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Indriolo and Goring 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hussey et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleHPV
ISSN (print)2352-1716

Other styles