How to format your references using the HPV citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HPV. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Werner R. The focus on bibliometrics makes papers less useful. Nature. 2015 Jan 15;517(7534):245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sur M, Rubenstein JLR. Patterning and plasticity of the cerebral cortex. Science. 2005 Nov 4;310(5749):805–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn CH, Rabe KM, Triscone JM. Ferroelectricity at the nanoscale: local polarization in oxide thin films and heterostructures. Science. 2004 Jan 23;303(5657):488–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Swan BK, Martinez-Garcia M, Preston CM, Sczyrba A, Woyke T, Lamy D, et al. Potential for chemolithoautotrophy among ubiquitous bacteria lineages in the dark ocean. Science. 2011 Sep 2;333(6047):1296–300.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim MA. Disturbance Analysis for Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Mahmoud MS. Control and Optimization of Distributed Generation Systems. AL-Sunni FM, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. (Power Systems).
A chapter in an edited book
Olivieri A, Pitacco E. Life Insurance: Reserving. In: Pitacco E, editor. Introduction to Insurance Mathematics: Technical and Financial Features of Risk Transfers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 271–321. (EAA Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HPV.

Blog post
Luntz S. Muscle-Building Supplements Raise Testicular Cancer Risk [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Railroad Safety: Weaknesses Exist in FRA’s Enforcement Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Mar. Report No.: RCED-91-72.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Connelly J. A tradition of excellence transitions to the 21 st century: Hungarian mathematics education, 1988-2008 [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Woods’s Downfall As Gripping As His Reign. New York Times. 2010 Aug 12;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Werner 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sur and Rubenstein 2005; Werner 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sur and Rubenstein 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Swan et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleHPV
ISSN (print)2352-1716

Other styles