How to format your references using the HPV citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HPV. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chergui M. Chemistry. Controlling biological functions. Science. 2006 Sep 1;313(5791):1246–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang M, Schekman R. Cell biology. Unconventional secretion, unconventional solutions. Science. 2013 May 3;340(6132):559–61.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurst LD, Feil EJ, Rocha EPC. Protein evolution: causes of trends in amino-acid gain and loss. Nature. 2006 Aug 24;442(7105):E11-2; discussion E12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tanovic A, Samel SA, Essen LO, Marahiel MA. Crystal structure of the termination module of a nonribosomal peptide synthetase. Science. 2008 Aug 1;321(5889):659–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larkin RF, DiTommaso M. Wiley Not-for-Profit GAAP 2015. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Ford JD, Berrang-Ford L, editors. Climate Change Adaptation in Developed Nations: From Theory to Practice. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. (Advances in Global Change Research; vol. 42).
A chapter in an edited book
Kaviani S, Tellambura C, Krzymień WA. On the Performance of Transmit Antenna Selection with OSTBC in Ricean MIMO Channels. In: Pupolin S, editor. Wireless Communications 2007 CNIT Thyrrenian Symposium. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. p. 39–50. (Signals and Communication Technology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HPV.

Blog post
Luntz S. Vegetarian Birds Turn Carnivorous [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Federal Air Marshal Service Is Addressing Challenges of Its Expanded Mission and Workforce, but Additional Actions Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Nov. Report No.: GAO-04-242.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khaleghi FK. Evaluating Satisfaction of Participants within the Outreach and Engagement Program of MECCA [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly R. A Repulsively Lonely Man. New York Times. 1995 Feb 26;71.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chergui 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chergui 2006; Zhang and Schekman 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Schekman 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Tanovic et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHPV
ISSN (print)2352-1716

Other styles