How to format your references using the Journal of English for Academic Purposes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of English for Academic Purposes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Balancing the books. Nature, 428(6984), 781.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liberman, N., & Trope, Y. (2008). The psychology of transcending the here and now. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5905), 1201–1205.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, L., Zeng, X., & Wang, X. (2013). Programmable hydrogenation of graphene for novel nanocages. Scientific Reports, 3, 3162.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tang, J., Xu, Y., McKellar, A. R. W., & Jäger, W. (2002). Quantum solvation of carbonyl sulfide with helium atoms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5589), 2030–2033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toptygin, I. N. (2015). Electromagnetic Phenomena in Matter. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ohira, H. (Ed.). (2016). The Liver in Systemic Diseases. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Werle, M., & Takeuchi, H. (2009). Strategies to Overcome the Enzymatic Barrier. In A. Bernkop-Schnürch (Ed.), Oral Delivery of Macromolecular Drugs: Barriers, Strategies and Future Trends (pp. 65–83). New York, NY: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of English for Academic Purposes.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 3). Cold Light: Astronomers Go To The Ends Of The Earth To See Cosmic Carbon. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-97-13(3)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hill, B. (2010). HIV-specific CD8 T-cell clonality, publicity and function under different vaccine modalities (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., & Grynbaum, M. M. (2016, August 12). Fox News, in Naming Leaders, Sends Signal: ‘Stay the Course.’ New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Liberman & Trope, 2008; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liberman & Trope, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Zeng, & Wang, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tang, Xu, McKellar, & Jäger, 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of English for Academic Purposes
AbbreviationJ. Engl. Acad. Purp.
ISSN (print)1475-1585
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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