How to format your references using the Journal of English for Academic Purposes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of English for Academic Purposes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ellis, J. (2012). Higgs boson: The need for new physics. Nature, 481(7379), 24.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, H., & Dick, H. J. B. (2013). Thin crust as evidence for depleted mantle supporting the Marion Rise. Nature, 494(7436), 195–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bino, A., Ardon, M., & Shirman, E. (2005). Formation of a carbon-carbon triple bond by coupling reactions in aqueous solution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5719), 234–235.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Prasad, G. V. R., Verma, O., Sahni, A., Parmar, V., & Khosla, A. (2007). A Cretaceous hoofed mammal from India. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5852), 937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemaire, M. (2014). Mechanics and Uncertainty. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wang, W., Li, Y., Duan, Z., Yan, L., Li, H., & Yang, X. (Eds.). (2007). Integration and Innovation Orient to E-Society Volume 1: Seventh IFIP International Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society (I3E2007), October 10–12, Wuhan, China (Vol. 251). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Buechler, H. (2016). “Interconnected Positionalities”: Foreigners and Foreign Experience in the Lives of Aymara Intellectuals. In J. C. Nash & H. C. Buechler (Eds.), Ethnographic Collaborations in Latin America: The Effects of Globalization (pp. 89–110). Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of English for Academic Purposes.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 1). Levitating Cells Could Help Scientists Figure Out How Drugs Work. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Financing Higher Education: Examples Comparing Existing and Proposed Student Aid Programs (HRD-87-88FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rholdon, C. M. (2012). Analyzing Leadership Practices of Enrollment Management at Fletcher Technical Community College [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, April 19). IN REVERSAL OF COURSE, JUSTICES, 5-4, BACK BAN ON ABORTION METHOD. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ellis, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ellis, 2012; Zhou & Dick, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou & Dick, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Bino et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Prasad et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of English for Academic Purposes
AbbreviationJ. Engl. Acad. Purp.
ISSN (print)1475-1585
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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