How to format your references using the Journal of English for Academic Purposes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of English for Academic Purposes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paul, D. (2000). A double-edged sword. Nature, 405(6786), 515.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghose, G. M., & Maunsell, J. H. R. (2002). Attentional modulation in visual cortex depends on task timing. Nature, 419(6907), 616–620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sherwood, S. C., Bony, S., & Dufresne, J.-L. (2014). Spread in model climate sensitivity traced to atmospheric convective mixing. Nature, 505(7481), 37–42.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ikebuchi, Y., Aoki, S., Honma, M., Hayashi, M., Sugamori, Y., Khan, M., Kariya, Y., Kato, G., Tabata, Y., Penninger, J. M., Udagawa, N., Aoki, K., & Suzuki, H. (2018). Coupling of bone resorption and formation by RANKL reverse signalling. Nature, 561(7722), 195–200.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riehle, F. (2003). Frequency Standards. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kozłowski, K. R. (Ed.). (2009). Robot Motion and Control 2009 (Vol. 396). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Arinaminpathy, N., Metcalf, C. J. E., & Grenfell, B. T. (2014). Viral Dynamics and Mathematical Models. In R. A. Kaslow, L. R. Stanberry, & J. W. Le Duc (Eds.), Viral Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control (pp. 81–96). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of English for Academic Purposes.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 22). New Research Shows How To Trap Cancer By Turning Your Body Against The Tumour. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Space Exploration: Power Sources for Deep Space Probes (NSIAD-98-102). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armstrong, A. (2008). Tactic-Based Learning for collective learning systems [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W. K., & McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2014, January 7). 106 Are Charged in Lengthy Fraud Over Disabilities. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paul, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Ghose & Maunsell, 2002; Paul, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghose & Maunsell, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Sherwood et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ikebuchi et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of English for Academic Purposes
AbbreviationJ. Engl. Acad. Purp.
ISSN (print)1475-1585
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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