How to format your references using the Journal of English for Academic Purposes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of English for Academic Purposes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batty, M. (2013). Sociology. A theory of city size. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6139), 1418–1419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayley, H., & Cremer, P. S. (2001). Stochastic sensors inspired by biology. Nature, 413(6852), 226–230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gürerk, O., Irlenbusch, B., & Rockenbach, B. (2006). The competitive advantage of sanctioning institutions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5770), 108–111.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, H. D., Shay, T., O’Shea, E. K., & Regev, A. (2009). Transcriptional regulatory circuits: predicting numbers from alphabets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5939), 429–432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen, D. S. (2012). Why Plato Wrote. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Lodén, M., & Maibach, H. I. (Eds.). (2012). Treatment of Dry Skin Syndrome: The Art and Science of Moisturizers. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodríguez-Cayetano, M. (2011). Design and Development of a CPU Scheduler Simulator for Educational Purposes Using SDL. In F. A. Kraemer & P. Herrmann (Eds.), System Analysis and Modeling: About Models: 6th International Workshop, SAM 2010, Oslo, Norway, October 4-5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 72–90). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of English for Academic Purposes.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, May 4). Salamanders In All-Female Populations Regrow Their Tails Faster. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Computerized Hospital Medical Information Systems Need Further Evaluation To Ensure Benefits From Huge Investments (AFMD-81-3). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rehman, J. L. (2012). Rape as religious terrorism and genocide the 1971 war between East and West Pakistan [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, January 15). A Modest Proposal Says Colleges Should Educate. New York Times, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batty, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Batty, 2013; Bayley & Cremer, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bayley & Cremer, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Gürerk et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kim et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of English for Academic Purposes
AbbreviationJ. Engl. Acad. Purp.
ISSN (print)1475-1585
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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