How to format your references using the Journal of English for Academic Purposes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of English for Academic Purposes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ward, M. D. (2003). Materials science. Molecular fuel tanks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5622), 1104–1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackem, S., & Lewandoski, M. (2011). Development. Limb cells don’t tell time. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6033), 1038–1039.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gutfreund, Y., Zheng, W., & Knudsen, E. I. (2002). Gated visual input to the central auditory system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1556–1559.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Becker, L., Poreda, R. J., Hunt, A. G., Bunch, T. E., & Rampino, M. (2001). Impact event at the Permian-Triassic boundary: evidence from extraterrestrial noble gases in fullerenes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5508), 1530–1533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy, D. J. (2006). Finite Difference Methods in Financial Engineering. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Perry, B., Dockett, S., & Petriwskyj, A. (Eds.). (2014). Transitions to School - International Research, Policy and Practice (Vol. 9). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, W., Zheng, C., & Sankoff, D. (2006). Paths and Cycles in Breakpoint Graphs of Random Multichromosomal Genomes. In G. Bourque & N. El-Mabrouk (Eds.), Comparative Genomics: RECOMB 2006 International Workshop, RCG 2006 Montreal, Canada, September 24-26, 2006 Proceedings (pp. 51–62). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of English for Academic Purposes.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 9). This Key Pathway For Hair Follicles And Skin Regeneration Could Be A Game Changer for Burn Victims. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Learning Disabilities: The Link to Delinquency Should Be Determined, but Schools Should Do More Now (GGD-76-97). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charpentier, D. T. (2017). Why Dey Talk Like Dat?: A Study of the Status of Cajun English as a Dialect or an Accent [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, June 24). Eight Arms To Embrace Your Pair. New York Times, E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ward, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mackem & Lewandoski, 2011; Ward, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mackem & Lewandoski, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Gutfreund et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Becker et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of English for Academic Purposes
AbbreviationJ. Engl. Acad. Purp.
ISSN (print)1475-1585
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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