How to format your references using the Journal of English for Academic Purposes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of English for Academic Purposes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lessler, J. (2014). Immunology. Charting the life-course epidemiology of influenza. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6212), 919–920.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymo, M. E., & Huybers, P. (2008). Unlocking the mysteries of the ice ages. Nature, 451(7176), 284–285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fitch, J. P., Raber, E., & Imbro, D. R. (2003). Technology challenges in responding to biological or chemical attacks in the civilian sector. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5649), 1350–1354.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Biederer, T., Sara, Y., Mozhayeva, M., Atasoy, D., Liu, X., Kavalali, E. T., & Südhof, T. C. (2002). SynCAM, a synaptic adhesion molecule that drives synapse assembly. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1525–1531.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raut, R., & Swamy, M. N. S. (2010). Modern Analog Filter Analysis and Design. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Starke, K., & Gaestel, M. (Eds.). (2006). Molecular Chaperones in Health and Disease (Vol. 172). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Piepkorn, M. W., & Barnhill, R. L. (2014). Common Acquired and Atypical/Dysplastic Melanocytic Nevi. In R. L. Barnhill, M. W. Piepkorn, & K. J. Busam (Eds.), Pathology of Melanocytic Nevi and Melanoma (pp. 87–153). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of English for Academic Purposes.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 17). New Technique Will Allow Robot To Perform Brain Surgery Through Cheek. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Federal Aviation Administration: Challenges Facing the Agency in Fiscal Year 2009 and Beyond (GAO-08-460T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wahl, S. E. (2008). Registered nurse preceptorship orientation: A study of the relationship between burnout rates of new graduates and number of preceptors worked with in the clinical orientation phase [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, January 4). Another Casualty of the Syrian War: Drinking Water in Damascus. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lessler, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lessler, 2014; Raymo & Huybers, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raymo & Huybers, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Fitch et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Biederer et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of English for Academic Purposes
AbbreviationJ. Engl. Acad. Purp.
ISSN (print)1475-1585
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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