How to format your references using the Experimental Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burnell J B. Astronomy. Pulsars 40 years on. Science 2007: 318: 579–581.
A journal article with 2 authors
Post E, Forchhammer M C. Synchronization of animal population dynamics by large-scale climate. Nature 2002: 420: 168–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verhagen J H, Herfst S, Fouchier R A M. Infectious disease. How a virus travels the world. Science 2015: 347: 616–617.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ebrahim S H, Memish Z A, Uyeki T M et al. Public health. Pandemic H1N1 and the 2009 Hajj. Science 2009: 326: 938–940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin W C. Wave Propagation in Drilling, Well Logging and Reservoir Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Their World: A Diversity of Microbial Environments. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh D, Choudhary M K, Meena M L et al. Oran Dynamics: A Community-Based Biodiversity Management System in India’s Arid Zone. In: Bose P, Dijk H van, ed. Dryland Forests: Management and Social Diversity in Africa and Asia. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016: 73–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Dermatology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. This Is What It Would Look Like If A Huge Asteroid Hit The Earth. IFLScience 2015: [cited 2018 Oct 30]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Grants Management Oversight Improving, but Better Follow-up Needed on Grantees’ Noncompliance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Litt D. Social networking sites and adolescent alcohol use: The role of social images, social norms, and social comparison. 2010:

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Hoping That Holiday Trees Will Change a Now Bleak View. New York Times 2001: : 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Dermatology
AbbreviationExp. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0906-6705
ISSN (online)1600-0625
Molecular Biology

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