How to format your references using the Experimental Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clary D C. Chemistry. Geometric phase in chemical reactions. Science 2005: 309: 1195–1196.
A journal article with 2 authors
Endy D, Brent R. Modelling cellular behaviour. Nature 2001: 409: 391–395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coplan P M, Mitchnick M, Rosenberg Z F. Public health. Regulatory challenges in microbicide development. Science 2004: 304: 1911–1912.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Birney E, Bateman A, Clamp M E et al. Mining the draft human genome. Nature 2001: 409: 827–828.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dubuisson S. Tracking with Particle Filter for High-Dimensional Observation and State Spaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015.
An edited book
Johansson P-O. The Economics of Evaluating Water Projects: Hydroelectricity Versus Other Uses. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Hamed O, Kimchi E T, Sehmbey M et al. Impact of Genetic Targets on Cancer Therapy: Hepatocellular Cancer. In: El-Deiry WS, ed. Impact of Genetic Targets on Cancer Therapy. New York, NY: Springer, 2013: 67–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientist Turns To Crowd-Funding To Continue Research [Internet]. IFLScience 2014: [cited 2018 Oct 30] DOI:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Japanese Firms Involved in F-15 Coproduction and Civil Aircraft Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Currano L J. Latching microelectromechanical shock sensor systems: Design, modeling, and experiments. 2010:

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. One Week of Silent Soccer Seems to Be Quite Enough. New York Times 2002: : 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Dermatology
AbbreviationExp. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0906-6705
ISSN (online)1600-0625
Molecular Biology

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