How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart, I., I. (2000). Mathematics. A gathering of groups. Nature 403, 719–720.
A journal article with 2 authors
Druzd, D., and Scheiermann, C. (2013). Immunology. Some monocytes got rhythm. Science 341, 1462–1464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Powell, A., Shennan, S., and Thomas, M. G. (2009). Late Pleistocene demography and the appearance of modern human behavior. Science 324, 1298–1301.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Walburger, A., Koul, A., Ferrari, G., Nguyen, L., Prescianotto-Baschong, C., Huygen, K., et al. (2004). Protein kinase G from pathogenic mycobacteria promotes survival within macrophages. Science 304, 1800–1804.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zaragoza Dörwald, F. (2004). Side Reactions in Organic Synthesis. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dzemyda, G. (2013). Multidimensional Data Visualization: Methods and Applications. , eds. O. Kurasova and J. Žilinskas New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eschauzier, C., de Voogt, P., Brauch, H.-J., and Lange, F. T. (2012). “Polyfluorinated Chemicals in European Surface Waters, Ground- and Drinking Waters,” in Polyfluorinated Chemicals and Transformation Products The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry., eds. T. P. Knepper and F. T. Lange (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 73–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). Evidence Of A Continental Crust On Mars Suggests It Had Tectonic Activity. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Financial Markets: Information on Computer Data Used for Stock Market Crash Studies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aikens, F. A. (2012). An Examination of Ethical Behavior, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intent in Southern Ohio QSR Operations.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Waldstein, D., and Rothenberg, B. (2016). They Built a Roof. It Got Loud. Now What? New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stewart, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Druzd and Scheiermann, 2013; Stewart, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Druzd and Scheiermann, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Walburger et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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