How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brin, D. (2000). Reality check. Nature 404, 229.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lotti, M., and Nicotera, P. (2002). Toxicology: a risky business. Nature 416, 481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reina, J. H., Susa, C. E., and Fanchini, F. F. (2014). Extracting information from qubit-environment correlations. Sci. Rep. 4, 7443.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Alvarez, H. M., Xue, Y., Robinson, C. D., Canalizo-Hernández, M. A., Marvin, R. G., Kelly, R. A., et al. (2010). Tetrathiomolybdate inhibits copper trafficking proteins through metal cluster formation. Science 327, 331–334.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burton, E. (2016). Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lee, K., and Kaplan, D. eds. (2007). Tissue Engineering II: Basics of Tissue Engineering and Tissue Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Liñán, F., Jaén, I., and Ortega, F. J. (2015). “Understanding the Role of Culture and Economic Conditions in Entrepreneurship,” in Entrepreneurship, Regional Development and Culture: An Institutional Perspective, eds. M. Peris-Ortiz and J. M. Merigó-Lindahl (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 53–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Heartbeats Of Dogs And Their Owners Sync-Up When They’re Reunited. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979). Questions Designed To Aid Managers and Auditors in Assessing the ADP Planning Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abraham, E. D. (2015). A mental health community outreach and education program for Nigerian immigrants: A grant writing project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall, A., and McKINLEY, J. C., Jr (2016). Caregiver Who Abused 4-Year-Old Boy Faces 22-Year Sentence for Murder. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brin, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Brin, 2000; Lotti and Nicotera, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lotti and Nicotera, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Alvarez et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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