How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fanelli, D. (2013). Redefine misconduct as distorted reporting. Nature 494, 149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Day, K. P., and Fowkes, F. J. I. (2011). Microbiology. Quantifying malaria dynamics within the host. Science 333, 943–944.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ekström, G., Nettles, M., and Abers, G. A. (2003). Glacial earthquakes. Science 302, 622–624.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rudoy, J. D., Voss, J. L., Westerberg, C. E., and Paller, K. A. (2009). Strengthening individual memories by reactivating them during sleep. Science 326, 1079.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Püschl, W. (2012). Physik des Segelns. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Pitkethly, J. (2005). Dualisability: Unary Algebras and Beyond. , ed. B. Davey Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerasymova, K. (2012). “Expressing Grammatical Meaning with Morphology: A Case Study for Russian Aspect,” in Computational Issues in Fluid Construction Grammar: A New Formalism for the Representation of Lexicons and Grammars Lecture Notes in Computer Science., ed. L. Steels (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 91–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017). NASA And Russia Might Send An Orbiter, Lander, And Airship To Venus In 2026. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Transportation Trust Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, A. S. (2017). Bread and Washoku: Unveiling Japanese Identity Through the Necessity of Bread Baking.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017). Departing Fox Executive May Be Heading to AMC. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fanelli, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Day and Fowkes, 2011; Fanelli, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Day and Fowkes, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Rudoy et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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