How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conrad, C. P. (2015). Oceans. How climate influences sea-floor topography. Science 347, 1204–1205.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kawai, N., and Matsuzawa, T. (2000). Numerical memory span in a chimpanzee. Nature 403, 39–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lucia, U., Ponzetto, A., and Deisboeck, T. S. (2014). A thermo-physical analysis of the proton pump vacuolar-ATPase: the constructal approach. Sci. Rep. 4, 6763.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee, R., Kim, I.-S., Han, N., Yun, S., Park, K. I., and Yoo, K.-H. (2014). Real-time discrimination between proliferation and neuronal and astroglial differentiation of human neural stem cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 6319.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheriff, R. E., and Hu, Y. F. (2001). Mobile Satellite Communication Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Golomb, S. W., Parker, M. G., Pott, A., and Winterhof, A. eds. (2008). Sequences and Their Applications - SETA 2008: 5th International Conference Lexington, KY, USA, September 14-18, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomlinson, S. E., Lewis, R., and Carré, M. J. (2008). “Friction between Players’ Hands and Sports Equipment (P7),” in The Engineering of Sport 7: Vol. 1, ed. P. Brisson (Paris: Springer), 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Evidence For Explosive Volcanism On Mars May Rewrite Its Ancient History. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waldron, K. D. (2017). The Influence of Leadership Emotional Intelligence on Employee Engagement.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nixon, R., and Shear, M. D. (2017). Square-Jawed General Has New Mission: Restore Order to West Wing. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conrad, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kawai and Matsuzawa, 2000; Conrad, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kawai and Matsuzawa, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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