How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). Upping the ante. Nature 424, 857.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bouchon, M., and Karabulut, H. (2008). The aftershock signature of supershear earthquakes. Science 320, 1323–1325.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin-Lluesma, S., Stucke, V. M., and Nigg, E. A. (2002). Role of Hec1 in spindle checkpoint signaling and kinetochore recruitment of Mad1/Mad2. Science 297, 2267–2270.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Song, J., Yu, Y., Xing, R., Guo, X., Liu, D., Wei, J., et al. (2014). Unglycosylated recombinant human glutathione peroxidase 3 mutant from Escherichia coli is active as a monomer. Sci. Rep. 4, 6698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Albalate, A., and Minker, W. (2013). Semi-Supervised and Unsupervised Machine Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shetty, K., and Wu, G. Y. eds. (2010). Chronic Viral Hepatitis: Diagnosis and Therapeutics. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Barsky, S. H., and Robertson, F. M. (2012). “Pathology: Histomorphometrical Features of IBC – Angiogenesis, Lymphangiogenesis, and Tumor Emboli,” in Inflammatory Breast Cancer: An Update, eds. N. T. Ueno and M. Cristofanilli (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 27–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). What Happens To Your Body When You Get Ebola? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Department of Transportation: University Research Activities Need Greater Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Otarola, A. C. (2008). The effects of turbulence in an absorbing atmosphere on the propagation of microwave signals used in an active sounding system.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, M., and Protess, B. (2017). Outline Fails to Mention Loophole for the Very Rich. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2003; Bouchon and Karabulut, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bouchon and Karabulut, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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