How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Westervelt, R. M. (2008). Applied physics. Graphene nanoelectronics. Science 320, 324–325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, W., and Angell, C. A. (2003). Solvent-free electrolytes with aqueous solution-like conductivities. Science 302, 422–425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blackburn, E. H., Epel, E. S., and Lin, J. (2015). Human telomere biology: A contributory and interactive factor in aging, disease risks, and protection. Science 350, 1193–1198.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pruneda-Paz, J. L., Breton, G., Para, A., and Kay, S. A. (2009). A functional genomics approach reveals CHE as a component of the Arabidopsis circadian clock. Science 323, 1481–1485.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sandén, B. I. (2011). Design of Multithreaded Software. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hauser, J. R. ed. (2009). Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Engineering Models. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Jafarpour, B. (2013). “Sparsity-Promoting Solution of Subsurface Flow Model Calibration Inverse Problems,” in Advances in Hydrogeology, eds. P. K. Mishra and K. L. Kuhlman (New York, NY: Springer), 73–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Bee Battles: Why Our Native Pollinators Are Losing The War. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 6. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant, M. G. (2017). The Development of the Massive Open Online Course Virtual Learning Environment Scale (MVLE) and Model to Measure Satisfaction of MOOC Online Learning Courses in Higher Education: A Mixed Methods Study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2012). From Misfit With Blog To Author With Deal. New York Times, A31B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Westervelt, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Xu and Angell, 2003; Westervelt, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu and Angell, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Pruneda-Paz et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychology for Clinical Settings
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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