How to format your references using the BMC Blood Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Blood Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Krause RM. Obituary: Maclyn McCarty (1911-2005). Nature. 2005;433:372.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ridley R, Toure Y. Winning the drugs war. Nature. 2004;430:942–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Whitaker RJ, Grogan DW, Taylor JW. Geographic barriers isolate endemic populations of hyperthermophilic archaea. Science. 2003;301:976–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Shi S, Xu C, Yang C, Chen Y, Liu J, Kang F. Flexible asymmetric supercapacitors based on ultrathin two-dimensional nanosheets with outstanding electrochemical performance and aesthetic property. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gregory J. Central Counterparties. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Fang Y. Fuzzy Portfolio Optimization: Theory and Methods. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Komatsu T. Geomorphic Features of the Eastern Pamirs, with a Focus on the Occurrence of Intermontane Basins. In: Kreutzmann H, Watanabe T, editors. Mapping Transition in the Pamirs: Changing Human-Environmental Landscapes. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Blood Disorders.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Remnants Of An Ancient Mini-Planet Might Be In Orbit Near Mars. IFLScience. 2017. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Truck Safety: Share the Road Safely Pilot Initiative Showed Promise, but the Program’s Future Success Is Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chow BJ. Forming Infrastructural Materials by Mechanical Compaction of Lunar and Martian Regolith Simulants. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hodara S. Suburban Touches With a Bustling Downtown. New York Times. 2017;:RE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Blood Disorders
ISSN (print)1471-2326

Other styles