How to format your references using the Current Stem Cell Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Stem Cell Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Olsen BR. Disease models: Statins give bone growth a boost. Nature. 2014;513:494–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Brown ME, Schaller EL. The mass of dwarf planet Eris. Science. 2007;316:1585.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hanczyc MM, Fujikawa SM, Szostak JW. Experimental models of primitive cellular compartments: encapsulation, growth, and division. Science. 2003;302:618–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gilbert SJ, Dumontheil I, Simons JS, Frith CD, Burgess PW. Comment on “Wandering minds: the default network and stimulus-independent thought.” Science. 2007;317:43; author reply 43.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kushner R, Lawrence V, Kumar S. Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
1. Ross CL. Health Impact Assessment in the United States. Orenstein M, Botchwey N, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Reiche I, Gourrier A. Informative Potential of Multiscale Observations in Archaeological Biominerals Down to Nanoscale. In: Dillmann P, Bellot-Gurlet L, Nenner I, editors. Nanoscience and Cultural Heritage. Paris: Atlantis Press; 2016. p. 75–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Stem Cell Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Overthinking Could Be Driving Creativity In People With Neurotic Disorders [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FCC: Installment Payment Financing for Personal Communications Services Licensees. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Apr. Report No.: OGC-98-43.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Shaker G. Off the track: The full-time nontenure -track faculty experience in English [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. A Real City Bird: Cathedral’s Peacock Is Treated for Malaise. New York Times. 2002 Feb 10;147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Stem Cell Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Stem Cell Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-7866

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