How to format your references using the Current Stem Cell Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Stem Cell Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Crous CJ. Judge research impact on a local scale. Nature. 2014;513:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Montagner JP, Ritsema J. Geology. Interactions between ridges and plumes. Science. 2001;294:1472–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Aylward RB, Sutter RW, Heymann DL. Policy. OPV cessation--the final step to a “polio-free” world. Science. 2005;310:625–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Shimizu A, Nakatani Y, Nakamura T, Jinno-Oue A, Ishikawa O, Boeke JD, et al. Characterisation of cytoplasmic DNA complementary to non-retroviral RNA viruses in human cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Goldberger AL, Goldberger ZD. Becoming a Consummate Clinician. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Jonas M, Nahorski Z, Nilsson S, Whiter T, editors. Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Dealing With Uncertainty. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Crosby NB. Major radiation environments in the heliosphere and their implications for interplanetary travel. In: Daglis IA, editor. Space Weather- Physics and Effects. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 131–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Stem Cell Reports.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Meteor Showers Are Warped By Gravity Of Planets. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Salary of Executive Director, National Advisory Council on Vocational Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974 Jan. Report No.: B-179188.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Conlin LD. Building shared understandings in introductory physics tutorials through risk, repair, conflict & comedy [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. A Different Kind of Dystopian Novel. New York Times. 2017 Feb 19;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Stem Cell Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Stem Cell Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-7866

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