How to format your references using the Journal of Endodontics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Endodontics (JOEN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roos David S. Genetics. Themes and variations in apicomplexan parasite biology. Science 2005;309(5731):72–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Padhi Abinash, Ma Li. Genetic and epidemiological insights into the emergence of peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) across Asia and Africa. Sci Rep 2014;4:7040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garrick-Bethell Ian, Nimmo Francis, Wieczorek Mark A. Structure and formation of the lunar farside highlands. Science 2010;330(6006):949–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li Tao, Chang Chun-Yun, Jin Da-Yun, Lin Pen-Jen, Khvorova Anastasia, Stafford Darrel W. Identification of the gene for vitamin K epoxide reductase. Nature 2004;427(6974):541–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumar V., Petersen J. Andrew. Statistical Methods in Customer Relationship Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Anari Ali. The Power of Profit: Business and Economic Analyses, Forecasting, and Stock Valuation. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomalty Ray, Mallach Alan. Differences in Urban Form and Transportation Systems. In: Mallach Alan, editor. America’s Urban Future: Lessons from North of the Border. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2015. p. 71–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Endodontics.

Blog post
Carpineti Alfredo. New Hypothesis Shows How Supermassive Black Holes Formed. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Opportunities Exist for FAA to Refine the Controller Staffing Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fertig Benjamin Meir. Stable nitrogen isotopes (delta-nitrogen-15) in the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) as an indicator of nitrogen source. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams John. A Nazi Script Comes to Light. New York Times 2017:C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (14).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Endodontics
AbbreviationJ. Endod.
ISSN (print)0099-2399
ISSN (online)1878-3554
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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