How to format your references using the Journal of Endodontics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Endodontics (JOEN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frimmel Hartwig E. Geology. Genesis of the world’s largest gold deposits. Science 2002;297(5588):1815–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trampert Jeannot, van Heijst Hendrik Jan. Global azimuthal anisotropy in the transition zone. Science 2002;296(5571):1297–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rutberg R. L., Hemming S. R., Goldstein S. L. Reduced North Atlantic Deep Water flux to the glacial Southern Ocean inferred from neodymium isotope ratios. Nature 2000;405(6789):935–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Turner Alan H., Pol Diego, Clarke Julia A., Erickson Gregory M., Norell Mark A. A basal dromaeosaurid and size evolution preceding avian flight. Science 2007;317(5843):1378–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moeller Robert. IT Audit, Control, and Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Capasso Francesco. La fitoterapia in uno sguardo. Milano: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Angosto Carlos, López-Pellicer Manuel. Compactness and Distances to Spaces of Continuous Functions and Fréchet Spaces. In: Ferrando Juan Carlos, López-Pellicer Manuel, editors. Descriptive Topology and Functional Analysis: In Honour of Jerzy Kakol’s 60th Birthday. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 75–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Endodontics.

Blog post
Luntz Stephen. Squid Can Recode Their Own Genetics. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FCC: Competitive Service Safeguards for Local Exchange Carrier Provision of Commercial Mobile Radio Services and Implementation of Section 601(d) of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kulavuz-Onal Derya. English Language Teachers’ Learning to Teach with Technology through Participation in an Online Community of Practice: A Netnography of Webheads in Action. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sansal Boualem. The altered state of France. New York Times 2017:0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (14).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Endodontics
AbbreviationJ. Endod.
ISSN (print)0099-2399
ISSN (online)1878-3554
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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