How to format your references using the Journal of Endodontics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Endodontics (JOEN). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond Jared. Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication. Nature 2002;418(6898):700–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nath Deepa, Shadan Sadaf. The ubiquitin system. Nature 2009;458(7237):421.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu M., Yu X., Ahlberg P. E. A primitive sarcopterygian fish with an eyestalk. Nature 2001;410(6824):81–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kikuchi Kazuhiro, Terauchi Kazuki, Wada Masamitsu, Hirano Hiro-Yuki. The plant MITE mPing is mobilized in anther culture. Nature 2003;421(6919):167–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tsai C. Stan. Biomacromolecules. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Berkowitz Samuel, editor. Cleft Lip and Palate. 2nd Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Berube David M. Intuitive Toxicology: The Public Perception of Nanoscience. In: Allhoff Fritz, Lin Patrick, editors. Nanotechnology & Society: Current and Emerging Ethical Issues. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 91–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Endodontics.

Blog post
Taub Ben. Caffeine May Protect Older Women From Dementia. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: NASA’s Software Development Approach Increases Safety and Cost Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Braynen William. Beyond Price Signaling: Choice, Information and Justice. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belcher David. Yuri Lyubimov, Experimental Director of the Russian Stage, Is Dead at 97. New York Times 2014:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (14).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Endodontics
AbbreviationJ. Endod.
ISSN (print)0099-2399
ISSN (online)1878-3554
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles