How to format your references using the Citizenship Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Citizenship Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marston, George. 2012. “Chemistry. An Elusive Intermediate Gets Caught.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6065): 178–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Herzog, Roland W., and David A. Ostrov. 2012. “Immunology. A Decorated Virus Cannot Hide.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6108): 748–749.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bannani, Amin, Christian Bobisch, and Rolf Möller. 2007. “Ballistic Electron Microscopy of Individual Molecules.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5820): 1824–1828.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Alcaraz Iranzo, David, Sébastien Nanot, Eduardo J. C. Dias, Itai Epstein, Cheng Peng, Dmitri K. Efetov, Mark B. Lundeberg, et al. 2018. “Probing the Ultimate Plasmon Confinement Limits with a van Der Waals Heterostructure.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 360 (6386): 291–295.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, Steven M. 2010. The New CFO Financial Leadership Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McMillan, Donald B., ed. 2007. Fish Histology: Female Reproductive Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Shima, Hirohiko. 2013. “Geometry of Hessian Structures.” In Geometric Science of Information: First International Conference, GSI 2013, Paris, France, August 28-30, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Frank Nielsen and Frédéric Barbaresco, 37–55. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Citizenship Studies.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “New Species of Giant Tortoise Found In The Galapagos.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Transportation Security: Systematic Planning Needed to Optimize Resources. GAO-05-357T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Senk, Jodi M. 2015. “The Life Stories of Women Warriors: An Exploratory Study of Female Student-Veterans Balancing the Transition to College.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, James. 2017. “End of an Era Looms as Waldorf Astoria Prepares to Close for Renovations.” New York Times, February 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marston 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Marston 2012; Herzog and Ostrov 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Herzog and Ostrov 2012)
  • Three authors: (Bannani, Bobisch, and Möller 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Alcaraz Iranzo et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCitizenship Studies
AbbreviationCitizensh. Stud.
ISSN (print)1362-1025
ISSN (online)1469-3593
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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