How to format your references using the Citizenship Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Citizenship Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, David. 2002. “Fatal Rocket Accident Puts Question Mark over Soyuz’s Safety.” Nature 419 (6909): 766.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasare, Chandrashekhar, and Ruslan Medzhitov. 2003. “Toll Pathway-Dependent Blockade of CD4+CD25+ T Cell-Mediated Suppression by Dendritic Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5609): 1033–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coulson, Tim, Jan Lindström, and Peter Cotgreave. 2002. “Ecology. Seeking New Recruits.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5562): 2023–2024.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mayorov, A. S., D. C. Elias, M. Mucha-Kruczynski, R. V. Gorbachev, T. Tudorovskiy, A. Zhukov, S. V. Morozov, et al. 2011. “Interaction-Driven Spectrum Reconstruction in Bilayer Graphene.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6044): 860–863.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rounds, Jerald, and Robert Segner. 2011. Construction Supervision. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chan, Kwan-Leung, and John M. Embil, eds. 2016. Endocarditis: Diagnosis and Management. 2nd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Slaughter, David C. 2014. “The Biological Engineer: Sensing the Difference Between Crops and Weeds.” In Automation: The Future of Weed Control in Cropping Systems, edited by Stephen L. Young and Francis J. Pierce, 71–95. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Citizenship Studies.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Exercise Gives You More Brain Cells, But Do These Push Old Memories Out Of Your Brain?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Safeguarding Taxpayer Information: An Evaluation of the Proposed Computerized Tax Administration System. LCD-76-115. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayfield, Kathleen M. 2010. “Project Managers’ Experience and Description of Decision Uncertainty Associated with the Agile Software Development Methodology: A Phenomenological Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2016. “Naughty Boy: Mommy Issues Explain a Lot.” New York Times, November 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Adam 2002; Pasare and Medzhitov 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pasare and Medzhitov 2003)
  • Three authors: (Coulson, Lindström, and Cotgreave 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mayorov et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleCitizenship Studies
AbbreviationCitizensh. Stud.
ISSN (print)1362-1025
ISSN (online)1469-3593
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles