How to format your references using the Citizenship Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Citizenship Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cibelli, Jose. 2007. “Development. Is Therapeutic Cloning Dead?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5858): 1879–1880.
A journal article with 2 authors
Owen-Hughes, Tom, and Michael Bruno. 2004. “Molecular Biology. Breaking the Silence.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5656): 324–325.
A journal article with 3 authors
James, Leo C., Pietro Roversi, and Dan S. Tawfik. 2003. “Antibody Multispecificity Mediated by Conformational Diversity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5611): 1362–1367.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lydeard, John R., Suvi Jain, Miyuki Yamaguchi, and James E. Haber. 2007. “Break-Induced Replication and Telomerase-Independent Telomere Maintenance Require Pol32.” Nature 448 (7155): 820–823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andresen, Retta, Lindsay G. Oades, and Peter Caputi. 2011. Psychological Recovery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Abut, Héseyin, John H. L. Hansen, and Kazuya Takeda, eds. 2007. Advances for In-Vehicle and Mobile Systems: Challenges for International Standards. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Lomet, David. 2011. “Transactions: From Local Atomicity to Atomicity in the Cloud.” In Dependable and Historic Computing: Essays Dedicated to Brian Randell on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday, edited by Cliff B. Jones and John L. Lloyd, 38–52. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Citizenship Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Curious System Could Be The First-Ever Binary Exoplanets.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Earth Observing System: Concerns Over NASA’s Basic Research Funding Strategy. NSIAD-96-97. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pearson, R. Scott. 2008. “Relationship Banking in a Competitive Environment With and Without Information Sharing: The Importance of Credit Bureaus in Microfinance.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2011. “College Athletes Move Concussions Into the Courtroom.” New York Times, November 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cibelli 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cibelli 2007; Owen-Hughes and Bruno 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Owen-Hughes and Bruno 2004)
  • Three authors: (James, Roversi, and Tawfik 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lydeard et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCitizenship Studies
AbbreviationCitizensh. Stud.
ISSN (print)1362-1025
ISSN (online)1469-3593
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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