How to format your references using the Citizenship Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Citizenship Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldbeter, Albert. 2002. “Computational Approaches to Cellular Rhythms.” Nature 420 (6912): 238–245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gruenheid, Samantha, and B. Brett Finlay. 2003. “Microbial Pathogenesis and Cytoskeletal Function.” Nature 422 (6933): 775–781.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaminski, Juliane, Josep Call, and Julia Fischer. 2004. “Word Learning in a Domestic Dog: Evidence for ‘Fast Mapping.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5677): 1682–1683.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nam, Ki Tae, Dong-Wan Kim, Pil J. Yoo, Chung-Yi Chiang, Nonglak Meethong, Paula T. Hammond, Yet-Ming Chiang, and Angela M. Belcher. 2006. “Virus-Enabled Synthesis and Assembly of Nanowires for Lithium Ion Battery Electrodes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5775): 885–888.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brower, Michael C. 2012. Wind Resource Assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Blair, J. Anthony. 2012. Groundwork in the Theory of Argumentation: Selected Papers of J. Anthony Blair. Edited by Christopher W. Tindale. Vol. 21. Argumentation Library. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Deppisch, Sonja. 2008. “Social Capital and Other Main Influences on Governance Processes in Cross-Border Micro-Regions.” In Cross-Border Governance and Sustainable Spatial Development: Mind the Gaps!, edited by Ewa Korcelli-Olejniczak and Robert Knippschild, 67–83. Central and Eastern European Development Studies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Citizenship Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Beautiful Park Spends Half The Year Completely Underwater.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Social Security Administration: Additional Actions Needed in Ongoing Efforts to Improve 800-Number Service. GAO-05-735. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jahan, Mina. 2015. “A Policy to Protect Hoarders: An Analysis of Fair Housing Amendments Act, 1988.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, Michael R. 2017. “ISIS Holdouts in Raqqa Nearly Hemmed In by American-Backed Forces.” New York Times, July 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldbeter 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Goldbeter 2002; Gruenheid and Finlay 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gruenheid and Finlay 2003)
  • Three authors: (Kaminski, Call, and Fischer 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nam et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCitizenship Studies
AbbreviationCitizensh. Stud.
ISSN (print)1362-1025
ISSN (online)1469-3593
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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