How to format your references using the Citizenship Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Citizenship Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. 2000. “Pushing the Frontiers of Interdisciplinary Research: An Idea Whose Time Has Come.” Nature 404 (6775): 313–315.
A journal article with 2 authors
Symington, Lorraine S., and William K. Holloman. 2004. “Molecular Biology. New Year’s Resolution--Resolving Resolvases.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5655): 184–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Guangyu, Xin Jiang, and Enge Wang. 2003. “Tubular Graphite Cones.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5618): 472–474.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Raphael, Itay, Swetha Mahesula, Anjali Purkar, David Black, Alexis Catala, Jonathon A. L. Gelfond, Thomas G. Forsthuber, and William E. Haskins. 2014. “Microwave & Magnetic (M2) Proteomics Reveals CNS-Specific Protein Expression Waves That Precede Clinical Symptoms of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire, Paul, and David Hampton. 2014. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using MATLAB ®. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Minguez, Roberto, Jose-Maria Sarabia, N. Balakrishnan, and Barry C. Arnold, eds. 2008. Advances in Mathematical and Statistical Modeling. Statistics for Industry and Technology. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Desrochers, André, and Gert-Jan van Duinen. 2006. “Peatland Fauna.” In Boreal Peatland Ecosystems, edited by R. Kelman Wieder and Dale H. Vitt, 67–100. Ecological Studies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Citizenship Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. “Touch Is The Sense We Understand The Least – But Maybe Not For Much Longer.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. VOR/DME and LORAN Expansion. RCED-93-211R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeVito, Michael A. 2015. “Facebook Family Values: A News Feed Hierarchy Of Needs.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John. 2016. “Feeling Cornered, Coal Industry Borrows From Big Tobacco’s Playbook, Activists Say.” New York Times, August 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2000; Symington and Holloman 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Symington and Holloman 2004)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Jiang, and Wang 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Raphael et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCitizenship Studies
AbbreviationCitizensh. Stud.
ISSN (print)1362-1025
ISSN (online)1469-3593
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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