How to format your references using the Catalysis Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysis Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.Q. Daley, Gametes from embryonic stem cells: a cup half empty or half full?, Science. 316 (2007) 409–410.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.R. Touma, S. Sridhar, The disruption of multiplanet systems through resonance with a binary orbit, Nature. 524 (2015) 439–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Nobes, A. Lloyd, M. Marsh, RETROSPECTIVE. Alan Hall (1952-2015), Science. 350 (2015) 1039.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.A. Cheong, T.L. Tan, C.-C. Chen, W.-L. Chang, Z. Liu, L.Y. Chew, P.M.A. Sloot, N.F. Johnson, Short-term forecasting of Taiwanese earthquakes using a universal model of fusion-fission processes, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3624.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.C. Han, A.Z. Akcasu, Scattering and Dynamics of Polymers, John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore, 2011.
An edited book
F.G. Lobo, C.F. Lima, Z. Michalewicz, eds., Parameter Setting in Evolutionary Algorithms, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
S.J. Rzoska, A. Drozd-Rzoska, Comments on Nonlinear Dielectric Effect Measurements in Liquids, in: S.J. Rzoska, V.P. Zhelezny (Eds.), Nonlinear Dielectric Phenomena in Complex Liquids, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005: pp. 55–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysis Today.

Blog post
J. Fang, Earth’s First Land Vertebrates Used Their Lungs to Detect Sounds, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Private, Profitmaking Firms’ Reports on Research and Development Contracts with the Environmental Protection Agency Can Be Evaluated Better, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Fino, Fruit and vegetable intake and exercise practices of college students of color, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J.O. Murphy, By Boat or Rail, East Egg to West, ‘Gatsby’ Beckons, New York Times. (2010) C35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysis Today
AbbreviationCatal. Today
ISSN (print)0920-5861
General Chemistry

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