How to format your references using the Catalysis Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catalysis Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.-M. Lehn, Toward self-organization and complex matter, Science. 295 (2002) 2400–2403.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.L. Whitaker, J. Edwards, Sphagnum moss disperses spores with vortex rings, Science. 329 (2010) 406.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Chin, T. Marathe, L. Roberts, Population. Doom or vroom? Introduction, Science. 333 (2011) 538–539.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Zhang, Y.-X. Liu, S.K. Ozdemir, R.-B. Wu, F. Gao, X.-B. Wang, L. Yang, F. Nori, Quantum internet using code division multiple access, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Degner, S. Leibl, pH messen, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
A.M. Tjoa, L. Xu, S.S. Chaudhry, eds., Research and Practical Issues of Enterprise Information Systems: IFIP TC 8 International Conference on Research and Practical Issues of Enterprise Information Systems (CONFENIS 2006) April 24–26, 2006, Vienna, Austria, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
A.L.C. Bazzan, Paying the Price of Learning Independently in Route Choice, in: L. Correia, L.P. Reis, J. Cascalho (Eds.), Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 16th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2013, Angra Do Heroísmo, Azores, Portugal, September 9-12, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 42–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catalysis Today.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Seven Myths About Dyslexia Put To Rest, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Index Digest of the Published Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Volumes 66-70, September 1991, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O. Lazareva, Constructed wetland/filter basin system as a prospective pre-treatment option for aquifer storage and recovery and a potential remedy for elevated arsenic, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Protess, M. Goldstein, Justices Asked to Clarify ‘Benefit’ in Insider Trading, New York Times. (2016) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCatalysis Today
AbbreviationCatal. Today
ISSN (print)0920-5861
General Chemistry

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