How to format your references using the Journal of Electrostatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrostatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.B. Reich, Climate Change. The carbon dioxide exchange, Science. 329 (2010) 774–775.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. McGlade, P. Ekins, The geographical distribution of fossil fuels unused when limiting global warming to 2 °C, Nature. 517 (2015) 187–190.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Bizzarro, J.A. Baker, H. Haack, Mg isotope evidence for contemporaneous formation of chondrules and refractory inclusions, Nature. 431 (2004) 275–278.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.B. Torchinsky, J. Garaude, A.P. Martin, J.M. Blander, Innate immune recognition of infected apoptotic cells directs T(H)17 cell differentiation, Nature. 458 (2009) 78–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Bernström, Valuation, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
C. Sibilia, T.M. Benson, M. Marciniak, T. Szoplik, eds., Photonic Crystals: Physics and Technology, Springer, Milano, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Strange, R. Zwiggelaar, Incorporating New Points, in: R. Zwiggelaar (Ed.), Open Problems in Spectral Dimensionality Reduction, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrostatics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, The Science Of Why Bacon Smells So Damn Good, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: FAA Is Considering Changes to Aviation Medical Standards, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Harris, Stone circles and sandplay therapy: The language of symbols, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Mets Put Another Starter On the D.L, New York Times. (2017) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrostatics
AbbreviationJ. Electrostat.
ISSN (print)0304-3886
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles