How to format your references using the Journal of Electrostatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrostatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Ball, Portrait of a molecule, Nature. 421 (2003) 421–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Shneiderman, J. Preece, Public health., Science. 315 (2007) 944.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.A. Bernevig, T.L. Hughes, S.-C. Zhang, Quantum spin Hall effect and topological phase transition in HgTe quantum wells, Science. 314 (2006) 1757–1761.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Zhong, S. Liang, E. Sanchez-Lopez, F. He, S. Shalapour, X.-J. Lin, J. Wong, S. Ding, E. Seki, B. Schnabl, A.L. Hevener, H.B. Greenberg, T. Kisseleva, M. Karin, New mitochondrial DNA synthesis enables NLRP3 inflammasome activation, Nature. 560 (2018) 198–203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.-G. Elias, Macromolecules, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2009.
An edited book
M. Luc, U. Somorowska, J.B. Szmańda, eds., Landscape Analysis and Planning: Geographical Perspectives, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Kaliszyk, T. Ida, Proof Assistant Decision Procedures for Formalizing Origami, in: J.H. Davenport, W.M. Farmer, J. Urban, F. Rabe (Eds.), Intelligent Computer Mathematics: 18th Symposium, Calculemus 2011, and 10th International Conference, MKM 2011, Bertinoro, Italy, July 18-23, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrostatics.

Blog post
T. Hale, You Can Finally See The World’s Finest Uncut Opal, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Additional Costs Incurred in Maintaining the National Industrial Equipment Reserve (NIER), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.A. Grant, Far-field noise from a rotor in a wind tunnel, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, Russian Who Killed Chechen May Get a Pardon, New York Times. (2004) A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrostatics
AbbreviationJ. Electrostat.
ISSN (print)0304-3886
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles